AuthorAlmadhoun, Ibrahim Hasan
AdvisorDaeman, Jaak J. K.
Sogge, Robert L.
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
AbstractThe results of a study to model a circular mine shaft constructed in a time-dependent medium are presented. The construction sequence is considered as well as the time-dependent properties of the media around the shaft. The loads acting on the shaft liner are due to excavation of the shaft material and to the loads relieved from the media onto the liner. The results show the importance of considering the time-dependent behavior of media. The analysis was carried out using the Finite Element Method. Axisymmetric triangular and quadrilateral elements were used to model the medium, and axisymmetric shell elements were used to model the liner. The construction sequence was modeled by analyzing the system under small load increments where each load increment represents a construction step. The time behavior was modeled by using the initial strain method, which assigns a different strain value for each element in the medium. The strains are transferred to stresses and then to forces, and an incremental process is started to cover the time range desired. The results for a 400-foot shaft are shown, and changes in liner stresses were monitored as time passes. Different rock materials were modeled by using different constants in the creep law. Some materials showed significant changes in the results, and others did not. The liner horizontal displacement, and horizontal and vertical stresses increased when material constants for rock salt and anhydrite were used. Stresses in the elements adjacent to the liner decreased as time passed by, and some even went into a tensile stress site. A comparison between two solutions, one representing a multi-step construction sequence and another representing an instantaneous construction of the lined shaft, showed that liner stresses are much higher when the construction sequence is not modeled. This is due to the fact that when the excavation is modeled the forces representing the construction sequence are applied to the medium. In the other case, the forces are directly applied to the liner.
Degree ProgramGraduate College
Civil Engineering and Engineering Mechanics