INSTITUTIONAL MODELS FOR WATER RESOURCES ADMINISTRATION IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES: CASE EXAMPLE, NIGERIA
KeywordsWater resources development -- Nigeria -- Administration.
Water resources development -- Citizen participation.
Water resources development -- Developing countries.
AdvisorBradley, Michael D.
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
AbstractAssessment of water resources administration in Nigeria reveals gross inadequacies. The present decision-making framework for water resources administration is not expected to contribute much toward national development in the long run. Water institutions which should provide the means for implementing decisions can best be described as non-existent. Evaluation of water institutions found in the United States resulted in the development of three alternative institutional models of water resources administration, any one of which is recommended for adoption by Nigeria depending on the circumstances. Each of these three alternative models is characterized by significant citizen participation at all levels and at all stages of the decision-making process. One of the alternatives organizes water institutions by level of government, where the states are responsible for all aspects of water resources administration, as on the Colorado River Basin. Another alternative organizes water institutions on the basis of regional, basin-wide executive agencies, such as the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA). A third alternative adopts a mixed strategy. Certain areas would have TVA-type executive agencies, while other areas would have no TVA-type agency, but the states would then be responsible for all aspects of water resources administration and development. This situation prevails throughout the United States. At the user level, the institutional framework of decision making for water resources administration provided by the special water districts found in the United States is recommended for adoption by Nigeria to fill a vacuum created at the interface of the water resources system and the social system. The choice of an overall institutional model for Nigeria will be determined by the final political map of the country in relation to the identified river basins. These alternative institutional models for water resources administration are also recommended for consideration by other developing countries.
Degree ProgramGraduate College
Hydrology and Water Resources
Degree GrantorUniversity of Arizona
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Development of Software Toolsuite for Rapid Generation of Spacecraft Requirements from Mission Constraints for Spacecraft Proposal DevelopmentFurfaro, Roberto; Sahr, Eric; Furfaro, Roberto; Head, Larry; Lepore, Robert (The University of Arizona., 2017)The development, testing, and results of a software suite for automated development of spacecraft requirements is discussed. This software suite will enable mission scientists and engineers to rapidly develop spacecraft requirements from a previously-developed set of mission requirements. The software, written in MATLAB, is controlled by a Master Controller script, whose purpose is to accept inputs from the user and call subfunctions responsible for designing the various spacecraft subsystem requirements. The software was tested through the use of a series of arbitrarily-generated mission requirements, with the test results being examined for potential feasibility and reasonableness. Case studies are examined which show the efficacy of the software suite to accurately generate spacecraft requirements. The first case study examines a set of software-developed spacecraft requirements intended to meet the mission requirements of the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter. The second case study examines a set of infeasible mission requirements to the planet Uranus, in an effort to demonstrate that the software will generate realistic, but infeasible, spacecraft requirements when the mission requirements are themselves infeasible. Both case studies generate reasonable spacecraft requirements as expected, with the direct comparison between the Mars spacecraft resulting in very similar preliminary spacecraft designs. This software suite will enable spacecraft scientists and engineers to quickly assess the feasibility of mission concepts and proposal designs through rapid development of spacecraft requirements.
The Primacy of Governance Infrastructure versus Democracy in Development and FDI in Developing CountriesGoertz, Gary; Baird, Ryan G.; Goertz, Gary; Dixon, William J.; Volgy, Thomas J .; Kenworthy, Lane (The University of Arizona., 2010)Most scholars believe that democracies guarantee the rule of law and provide superior institutions, which influence developing states' development trajectories, as well as firms' decisions on where to do business. However, I argue that these superior institutions are prior to the institutions of democracy and constitute the concept of governance infrastructure, and are therefore the key institutional determinants of state's economic outcomes. I find that the institutions that comprise a state's governance infrastructure (GI) are separate conceptually from the institutions that comprise democracy, and that the quality of developing states' GI 1) must reach a certain threshold before democracy positively affects economic development; 2) sends a signal to investors concerning potential transaction costs that investors may incur, ultimately determining the amount of FDI developing states' receive, while being the only domestic institutions that affect investors decision making; 3) determines the quality and provision of a state's intermediary public goods, which are an additional causal mechanism to signaling in determining a state's FDI inflows.
Causes of Child and Youth Homelessness in Developed and Developing CountriesEmbleton, Lonnie; Lee, Hana; Gunn, Jayleen; Ayuku, David; Braitstein, Paula; Univ Arizona, Mel & Enid Zuckerman Coll Publ Hlth, Div Epidemiol & Biostat; Institute of Medical Sciences, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Department of Biostatistics, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island; Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson; Department of Behavioral Sciences, College of Health Sciences, Moi University, Eldoret, Kenya; et al. (AMER MEDICAL ASSOC, 2016-05-01)