EFFECT OF ENCODING STRATEGIES ON LOGICAL AND PRAGMATIC IMPLICATIONS OF SENTENCES
AuthorDeaton, Michael Edward
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
AbstractThe effects of three encoding strategies, induced imagery, paraphrasing and rehearsal (silent repetition) on the memory of subjects for logical and pragmatic implications of simple, concrete sentences were investigated. Subjects were randomly assigned to one of three experimental conditions, each condition having a set of instructions read to them requesting that they employ one of the above strategies to memorize a list of sentences. A control group of subjects was merely asked to memorize the sentences as best they could in the time allowed. No strategy was suggested. After an intervening task, a recognition test was administered to all the subjects. The number of recognition errors for each group was scored. There were no significant treatment effects or interactions revealed by analysis of variance. A highly significant effect for type of sentence was, however, found. Subjects made a greater number of errors on both pragmatic and logical implications than on false inferences. Support is added to the constructive approach to memory.
Degree ProgramGraduate College