Adolescent males in a secure care setting: The relationship between psychopathy and gang affiliation
AuthorKing, Sloan Renee, 1963-
Sociology, Criminology and Penology.
AdvisorSmith, S. Mae
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
AbstractThis study investigated two variables that have been associated with violent behavior in adolescent males: psychopathy and gang affiliation. Twenty-one incarcerated male adolescents (ages 14-17) committed to a secure care setting participated in the study. Participants were identified as either gang members or non-gang members, and interviewed using the Psychopathy Checklist - Revised (PCL-R) (Hare, 1991). Results indicated that gang members as a group manifested higher levels of psychopathy than non-gang members as measured by the Total and Affective (Factor 1) scores of the PCL-R. However, interrater reliability was low on the Affective (Factor 1) scale, and Affective (Factor 1) results must be interpreted with caution. No significant differences emerged between gang members and non-gang members on the Behavior (Factor 2) score of the PCL-R. Therefore, incarcerated gang members and non-gang members did not differ significantly in delinquent offense history. In conclusion, significant differences emerged overall between gang members and non-gang members on the variable of psychopathy, establishing the presence of a relationship between psychopathy and gang affiliation. The recognition of psychopathy in influencing gang affiliation can complement existing sociological theories in understanding the complex nature of adolescents who affiliate with gangs.
Degree ProgramGraduate College
Special Education and Rehabilitation