Effect of Soil-Structure Interaction on the Behavior of Offshore Piles Embedded in Nonlinear Porous Media
AdvisorDesai, Chandrakant S.
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
EmbargoRelease after 01-Aug-2003
AbstractPile foundations that support offshore structures are required to resist not only static loading, but also dynamic loading from waves, wind and earthquakes. The purpose of this study is to gain a better understanding of the behavior of offshore piles under cyclic or dynamic loading using the finite element approach. To achieve this goal, an appropriate constitutive model is required to simulate the behavior of soils and interfaces. The DSC constitutive model is developed for saturated interfaces to study the behavior under severe shear deformation at the soil-pile interface. Monotonic and cyclic simple shear experiments are conducted on Ottawa sand-steel interfaces under drained and undrained conditions using the Cyclic-Multi-Degree-of-Freedom shear device with porewater pressure measurement (CYMDOF-P). The effect of various parameters such as normal stress, surface roughness of steel, type of loading, and the amplitude and frequency of the applied displacement in two-way cyclic loading are investigated. The data from the simple shear tests on saturated interfaces are used to calculate the parameters in the DSC model. The resulting parameters are then used to verify the DSC model by back predicting tests from which parameters are determined and independent tests that are not used in parameters determination. The model predictions, in general, were found to provide a highly satisfactory correlation with the observations. In the context of DSC, the concept of critical disturbance is developed to identify initiation of liquefaction in saturated Ottawa sand-steel interfaces. This method is based on using microstructural changes in material as an indication of liquefaction identification. The finite element method, along with DSC constitutive model, is used to investigate the response of offshore piles to dynamic loading. These include cyclic loading of axially loaded instrumented pile in clay and full-scale laterally loaded pile in sand. The DSC model is used to model the nonlinear behavior of saturated soils and interfaces. A nonlinear dynamic finite element program DSC-DYN2D based on the DSC modeling approach and the theory of nonlinear porous media is used for this purpose. Results from numerical solutions are compared with field measurements. Strong agreement between numerical predictions and field measurements are an indication of the ability to solve challenging soil-structure interaction problems.Based on the results of this research, it can be stated that the finite element-DSC model simulation allows realistic prediction of complex dynamic offshore pile-soil interaction problems, and is capable of characterizing behavior of saturated soils and interfaces involving liquefaction.
Degree ProgramGraduate College