Markov chain Monte Carlo and data augmentation methods for continuous-time stochastic volatility models
AuthorWitte, Hugh Douglas
AdvisorLamoureux, Christopher G.
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
AbstractIn this paper we exploit some recent computational advances in Bayesian inference, coupled with data augmentation methods, to estimate and test continuous-time stochastic volatility models. We augment the observable data with a latent volatility process which governs the evolution of the data's volatility. The level of the latent process is estimated at finer increments than the data are observed in order to derive a consistent estimator of the variance over each time period the data are measured. The latent process follows a law of motion which has either a known transition density or an approximation to the transition density that is an explicit function of the parameters characterizing the stochastic differential equation. We analyze several models which differ with respect to both their drift and diffusion components. Our results suggest that for two size-based portfolios of U.S. common stocks, a model in which the volatility process is characterized by nonstationarity and constant elasticity of instantaneous variance (with respect to the level of the process) greater than 1 best describes the data. We show how to estimate the various models, undertake the model selection exercise, update posterior distributions of parameters and functions of interest in real time, and calculate smoothed estimates of within sample volatility and prediction of out-of-sample returns and volatility. One nice aspect of our approach is that no transformations of the data or the latent processes, such as subtracting out the mean return prior to estimation, or formulating the model in terms of the natural logarithm of volatility, are required.
Degree ProgramGraduate College