Bioprospecting, chemical investigations and drug discovery from Chilean plants
AuthorFlagg, Melissa L.
AdvisorTimmermann, Barbara N.
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
AbstractThis dissertation, completed as part of an International Cooperative Biodiversity Group (ICBG) Program, encompasses the field collection, taxonomic determination, bioassay-guided isolation, and chemical characterization of three plants native to Chile, each of which was collected using a distinct collection approach. Chuquiraga ulicina ssp. ulicina , collected by the ecological or environmental strategy, yielded ten compounds including four novel taraxastane-type triterpenoids, 3β-acetoxy-6β-hydroxytaraxasta-20-ene (1), 6β-hydroxytaraxast-20-en-3-one (2), 6β-hydroxytaraxasta-20-ene 3β-palmitate (3), and 3β, 6β-dihydroxytaraxasta-20-ene (4), together with the known triterpenoids lupeol (5), lupenyl acetate (6), lupenone (7), friedelinol ( 8), 3β-acetoxy-30-nor-lupan-20-one (9), and 30-norlupan-3β-ol-20-one (10). Lupeol (5) was the only compound to show antitubercular activity. Sphacele salviae, collected by the ethnobotanical or ethnomedical approach, allowed the isolation of three known compounds, including the two abietane diterpenoids carnosol ( 11) and rosmadial (12), as well as one pentacyclic triterpenoid, ursolic acid (13). Greigia sphacelata, collected according to the random approach, afforded nine compounds. These include the two novel flavanones 5,7,3'-trihydroxy-6,4' ,5'-trimethoxy flavanone (14) and 5,3'-dihydroxy-6,7,4',5 '-tetramethoxy flavanone (15), as well as four known phenylpropanoids, 1,3-O-di-trans-p-coumaroylglycerol (16), 1-O-trans-cournaroylglycerol (17 ), 1-(ω-feruloyldocosanoyl)glycerol and 1-(ω-feruloyltetracosanoyl)glycerol (18), and trans-ferulic acid 22-hydroxy docosanoic acid ester (19), and three known pentacyclic triterpenoids, arborinone (20), arborinol (21), and isoarborinol (22).
Degree ProgramGraduate College