Short-term memory and learning in children with fetal alcohol syndrome/effects
AuthorPaquette Hammond, Andrea
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
AbstractShort-term memory function and learning in children with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome/Effects (FAS/E) was examined. Participants included twenty school-aged children diagnosed with either Fetal Alcohol Syndrome or Fetal Alcohol Effects (mean age = 11.13 years) and twenty normal controls (mean age = 11.11 years) matched on age and gender, all of which were Native American and lived on a rural reservation. All participants completed nine core subtests of the Wide Range Assessment of Memory and Learning. Results indicated that children with FAS/E performed significantly more poorly than controls on eight of the nine memory measures, including Number/Letter Memory, Sentence Memory, Story Memory, Finger Windows, Design Memory, Verbal Learning, Visual Learning, and Sound-Symbol. No statistically significant group differences were found on Picture Memory. Subsequent discriminant function analyses revealed that scores on the WRAML subtest provided useful discriminating information for children with FAS/E and controls. Scores on Story Memory, Design Memory, and Number/Letter Memory most strongly discriminated between groups. Implications of these results are discussed and recommendations for further research are provided.
Degree ProgramGraduate College