AuthorDonovan, Michael Edward
AdvisorPeyghambarian, Nasser N.
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
AbstractThe coherent response of a semiconductor three-state system to one or two intense light pulses is investigated experimentally on a 100 fs time scale. Three experiments constitute this dissertation: observation of excitonic Rabi oscillations, measurement of two-exciton coupled Stark shifting, and an attempt to observe dark states. Basic concepts of time-resolved ultrafast semiconductor spectroscopy are explained, followed by an analysis of semiconductor two- and three-state systems. Pure two- and three-state dynamics are derived from first principles, followed by the development of the appropriate semiconductor Bloch equations (SBE). Two-color pump-probe, two-color pump-pump, and pump-pump-probe techniques are explained in the context of three-state semiconductor experiments. The experimental setup is explained in detail. Resonant two-color pump-probe measurements resulted in the first observation of multiple excitonic Rabi oscillations. The common conduction band shared by the light-hole and heavy-hole excitons of an InGaAs multiple quantum well allowed us to measure hh-exciton density (Rabi) oscillations by probing lh-exciton absorption. By studying the intensity dependence of the Rabi frequency, we showed the important role of many-body effects in renormalizing the dipole energy. The shared conduction band also causes the lh-exciton resonance to Stark shift when the hh exciton is Stark shifted. We measured a transient Stark shifting of both resonances due to virtual hh-exciton transitions. We observed that the ratio of the hh-exciton shift to lh-exciton shift was 2:1 at large pump-exciton detuning, as predicted from a simple three-state dressed exciton picture. For smaller detunings we saw an increase in the ratio and a redshift of the non-dipole coupled exciton state. Both of these observations are consistent with the most recent theories and experiments on excitonic Stark shifting. For strong near-resonant pumping of both lh- and hh-exciton transitions, an intervalence-band Raman-type coherence follows from the SBE that results in a transparent eigenstate (dark state) when both pumps are equally detuned from resonance. The existence of this coherence is well-known in atomic-optical systems, but has been elusive in semiconductors. Our inconclusive experimental result is presented along with an evaluation of experimental shortcomings. In brief, the expected change is absorption was too small to see.
Degree ProgramGraduate College