THE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL COUNSELOR AS PERCEIVED BY ELEMENTARY SCHOOL ADMINISTRATORS AND COUNSELOR EDUCATORS
AuthorDimick, Kenneth M.
KeywordsElementary school counselors.
Counseling in elementary education.
Elementary school administration.
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Degree ProgramGraduate College
Degree GrantorUniversity of Arizona
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THE HEURISTICS UTILIZED BY FIFTH GRADE STUDENTS IN SOLVING VERBAL MATHEMATICS PROBLEMS IN A SMALL GROUP SETTING.DUNCAN, JAMES EDWIN. (The University of Arizona., 1985)Specific to the recommendation of the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (1980) to identify and analyze problem solving strategies and the settings in which the development of these strategies could be optimized, this study is a compilation of three case studies which describe what elementary school children say and do when solving verbal mathematics problems in small groups. Persuant to this goal, three four-member groups were selected and asked to reach a consensus within each group on the solution to a variety of routine and non-routine problems. In this relatively unstructured setting, transcriptions of verbal interactions, written records of all computations, and observer notes were compiled for each group. The resulting identification and description of the problem solving behaviors which occurred were analyzed in terms of two broad interactive functions by which children seek to understand verbal problems: the construction of mental representations or physical displays of the problems and the evaluations of these constructions. Representations, in this perspective, are constructed at two levels: a contextual level at which the problem situation is linguistically interpreted and a structural level at which a statement of a problem underlying mathematical structure is defined. Evaluations also occur which allow group members to monitor their understanding and direct the course of the problem solving effort. The findings indicate that intermediate aged children when solving problems in small groups display general patterns of behavior. These patterns of behavior include: the manner in which the groups approach and effectively isolate the contextual elements of a verbal problem, the propensity of groups to change the mode in which a problem is represented by utilizing manipulatives, diagrams, tables and other physical displays, and the manner in which groups monitor the course of problem solving and reach consensuses on solution proposals. Within this general pattern, however, specific subject and task variables characterize individual groups, affecting both the group interaction and the incidence of specific problem solving behaviors. These findings suggest practical classroom applications for group problem solving formats in the elementary school classroom. Additional research, however, must provide the link between group problem solving and individual performance.
First year of discipline-based art education implementation by classroom teachersFleming, Miri, 1947- (The University of Arizona., 1988)The subject of art in Arizona elementary schools is often taught by general classroom teachers with no art training. In an attempt to rectify this situation, The 1986 Arizona Institute for Elementary Art Education, following the example of the Getty Institute for Educators on the Visual Arts, created Staff Development and Curriculum Implementation Programs for these teachers. This study evaluates the Curriculum Implementation Program of Year One of the Arizona Institute. Data for the study were compiled from 10 classroom observations and 23 interviews of Institute participants by two evaluators. The components of discipline-based instruction taught during Summer Staff Development were implemented by all participants. Implementation was on at least a mechanical level of use, and the evaluators' results showed interrater agreement.
THE EFFECTS OF GUIDED PROMPTS ON THE WRITTEN RECALLS OF COMMUNITY COLLEGE STUDENTS (COMPREHENSION, READING/WRITING RELATIONSHIPS).Stockseth, Jennifer Leonore (The University of Arizona., 1986)The purpose of this study was examine the effects of guided recall prompts on the written recalls of community college students. Data were presented relative to the following areas: (1) statistical analysis of frequency of idea units; (2) statistical analysis of frequency as well as proportion of idea units categorized as literal; inferential, text-relevant supplementary, and text-irrelevant supplementary; (3) statistical analysis of frequency as well as proportion of idea supplementary units categorized as relating to character, theme, reader reaction, or none; (4) statistical analysis of holistic scores for quality of recall; (5) statistical analysis of correlation of holistic scores to frequency scores. Descriptive data relative to categorization of supplementary idea units relating to character, theme, reader reaction, or none were also reported. Subjects were students enrolled in developmental reading courses at Pima Community College who demonstrated a reading ability of at least ninth grade level on the Nelson Denny Reading Test. Subjects were randomly assigned to one of four recall prompts: (1) guided recall prompt which called attention to character, (2) guided recall prompt which called attention to theme, (3) guided recall prompt which called attention to reader reaction, or (4) free recall prompt. Findings indicated that guided recall prompts had effects on the written recalls and that those effects were specific to the respective prompt. Additionally, the responses of readers provided with the guided recall prompts were qualitatively better than those provided with the free recall prompt. A comparison of the frequency scores to the holistic scores seemed to indicate that the holistic score does reflect some aspects of comprehension--specifically literal and inferential recall; however, data also seemed to indicate that the holistic score measures something beyond those things measured by the frequency data