• The 150-Hour Rule: How Policy Decisions Affect the Supply of Public Accountants

      McLeod, Martha Lamb (The University of Arizona., 2011-05)
    • 17β Estradiol Decreases Vasodilation at 31°C in Ovariectomized Rats

      Brown, Jessica Nicole (The University of Arizona., 2010-05)
      The purpose of this Honor's Thesis is to investigate rat heat dissipation in correlation with estradiol (commonly referred to as estrogen) at different environmental (ambient) temperatures. The relevance of this study is investigative of post-menopausal hot flushes as a thermoregulatory dysfunction.
    • The 1979 Iranian revolution: the revolutionary revolution

      Brandis, Dov Asher (The University of Arizona., 2009-05)

      Hsu, Ivann Hong; Emerson, Joanna; Wong, Andrew; Zinsli, Phillip (The University of Arizona., 2009-05)

      Emerson, Joanna Louise (The University of Arizona., 2009-05)

      Zinsli, Phillip Alexander (The University of Arizona., 2009-05)
    • The 2012 Presidential Election Gender Gap

      Norrander, Barbara; Caicedo, Andrea (The University of Arizona., 2015)
      The gender gap in presidential elections has been an important part of American politics for the past decades. This phenomenon in politics refers to the differences of men and women in party identification and voting behavior. This paper explains the origins of the gender gap dating back to the 1980s. It explains the patterns and analyzes the most significant issues in each presidential election. Finally, it analyzes the gender gap in the 2012 presidential election. It focuses on the issues that had the biggest difference and it explains why some issues are more susceptible to having a greater gender gap.

      Pine, Gerald; LEISTER, DAVID EDWARD (The University of Arizona., 2016)
      The American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) hosts the annual Human Powered Vehicle Challenge (HPVC), in which student design teams from universities and colleges around the world design, build, and compete human powered vehicles. A human powered vehicle is just any vehicle whose motive power comes from the exertion of its driver(s). The University of Arizona’s (UA) entry in the 2016 HPVC West, Magnum, succeeds Blue Steel (2013), Le Tigre (2014), and Ferrari (2015). It is the most ambitious project undertaken by the UA human powered vehicle team, featuring a carbon fiber/aluminum hybrid frame and full fairing, and a custom built steering system. An onboard electronics suite includes turn signals, a traffic horn, and a novel Roll Alert System, an Android app developed by the team to alert everyone in the event of a vehicle rollover or crash. Both the mechanical and electronic systems were designed and built from the ground up by this year’s team. Magnum is also the best-performing UA human powered vehicle in recent history, earning Top 10 ranks in the 2016 HPVC West’s Design and Innovation categories, and 13th overall.

      Singh, Arvind; CARLSON, JONATHAN ANDERS (The University of Arizona., 2016)
      For my finance, honors thesis I participated in the 4th annual CQA Investment Challenge. The goal of the challenge is to successfully manage an equity long-short, market neutral portfolio (hedge fund). I worked on a team with three other guys from the Applied Portfolio Management class to invest and manage $20,000,000 of hypothetical money. Our investment horizon ran from October 30, 2015 – April 1, 2016. The stock universe we had access to was the Russell 1000, which mainly consists of the highest-ranking large cap stocks in the US equity market. Thirty-one teams from different universities were judged at the end of the competition on absolute return rank, adjusted return rank (the Sharpe ratio) and evaluation of the team video, which discussed investment strategy. The University of Arizona team achieved an absolute return of 6.47%, Sharpe ratio of 0.36 and abnormal return (alpha) of 20.05%. We finished with a ranking of 7th place out of 31 participating schools.
    • 2017 Chicago Quantitative Alliance Investment Challenge: University of Arizona CQA Investment Strategy

      Cederburg, Scott; To, Kham Hong; Hascalovici, Hilla; Bateman, Spencer; Recchion, Edward; Recchion, Charles (The University of Arizona., 2017)
      The CQA challenge is a 6 month competition that starts in October and ends in March. In this competition, student teams from 54 universities across the world are competing to build a long-short, market neutral equity portfolio that would generate the most risk-adjusted return in the given time horizon while operating under a few specific portfolio constraints. Each team is ranked against each other based on risk-adjusted return and sharpe ratio. Our team consisted of 5 senior finance students at the University of Arizona. Together, we developed our own unique market outlook and portfolio strategy in order to successfully invest $1,000,000 in (hypothetical) capital. We used industry tilts towards financials, energy, and consumer discretionary sectors and factor tilts towards momentum and value stocks as our main drivers of return while minimizing market exposure by keeping our beta between -0.25 and +0.25. The University of Arizona finished the competition in first place in overall portfolio ranking with a return of 12.23% and in fifth place for sharpe ratio at 1.43.
    • 2017 Chicago Quantitative Alliance Investment Challenge: University of Arizona CQA Team – Investment Strategy

      Cederburg, Scott; Bateman, Spencer Michael (The University of Arizona., 2017)
      In order to complete my honors thesis in finance, I joined a team of five finance students in participating in the 2017 Chicago Quantitative Alliance Investment Challenge. The challenge required teams to create $2,000,000 market-neutral investment portfolios utilizing both long and short equity positions. From November 8th until March 31st, our team actively managed our equity portfolio by selecting stocks from a 1,000 stock investment universe, while 53 other teams from universities around the world competed against our portfolio using measures of absolute return, risk-adjusted return, and a team video explaining our performance and investment strategy. By utilizing a strategy contingent on both industry bets and style exposures to value and momentum, the University of Arizona team has achieved an absolute return of 12.23% and a Sharpe Ratio of 1.43.
    • 30/30 Museum & Park: Engaging Artifacts

      Kothke, Michael; Kwolek, Queston Aureon (The University of Arizona., 2017)
      This project is located in the St. Henri neighborhood along the Lachine Canal in Montreal, Quebec. Industrial artifacts along the canal are culturally and historically significant to the people of Montreal. These artifacts are currently disconnected from public access – residents and tourists should be able to fully engage with them. The abandoned malting plant site has the potential to become an engaging destination that visitors want to explore. The proposal honors and reimagines the site’s industrial infrastructure and introduces valuable public amenities to the Lachine Canal. The 30/30 concept refers to the juxtaposition of the existing thirty silos and proposed thirty mounds. Generated from the volumetric capacity of the silos and natural form of grain, the mounds support vegetation to restore the sites pre-industrial presence of nature. Museum functions and public spaces are integrated into both the silos and mounds, resulting in an activity-driven experience for visitors that is centered on exploration and discovery. The proposal has the potential to host events, exhibitions, and outdoor activities year-round. By allowing guests to "trespass" through urban artifacts, they are invited to discover the mysterious atmosphere and cultural significance of the former factory and the site’s new public amenities.
    • 3D Printing of Mitral Valves for Pre-operative Medical Simulation

      Hamilton, Allan; Obafemi, Oluwatomisin Olurotimi (The University of Arizona., 2014)
    • 5-FU Chemotherapy Failure in Some Colorectal Cancer Patients with Microsatellite Instability

      Doetschman, Thomas; McEvoy, Megan; Coggins, Si'Ana Apri (The University of Arizona., 2015)
      Human colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most commonly diagnosed cancer as well as the second leading cause of cancer mortality in the United States. The hypothesis to be tested in this study is that the loss of TGFβ signaling causes overexpression of the uridine phosphorylase (UP) gene in human CRC when treated with 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), a common chemotherapeutic reagent. As a result, 5-FU may be metabolized via the RNA pathway, causing an increase in host-toxicity. Conversely, a mutation in the KRAS gene may drive the reaction towards the antitumor, DNA metabolic pathway. This mechanism would explain the ineffective nature of 5-FU-based treatments on tumors, some of which are TFGβ signaling-deficient, that are usually characterized as microsatellite instability high (MSI-H). If so, situational inhibition of UP may increase the intended anti-tumor activity of the 5-FU treatment while decreasing host-toxicity in this subcategory of MSI-H tumors, thus allowing only patients whose tumors have a 5-FU-susceptible genetic profile to be treated successfully with 5-FU based therapy. Cancerous cell lines containing different combinations of TGFBR2 and KRASᴳ¹³ᴰ mutations will be cultured and photographed. The cell lines Hke3 and Hkh2 contain a TGFBR2 mutation and have a morphological pattern that closely resembles the colonic mucosa while the HCT116 cell line contains both TGFBR2 and KRASᴳ¹³ᴰ mutations and has less structured morphology. Following culturing, UP and TP mRNA expression levels in all cell lines will be determined through reverse transcriptase (RT)-PCR and normalized to β-actin. If the hypothesis is supported, and then verified in patients, personalized therapy can be used to determine whether 5-FU should be administered in colorectal cancer cases in which KRASᴳ¹³ᴰ and TGFBR2 mutations are present or absent.
    • A Comparison Of The Representation Of Women In The Northern Renaissance And Modern Day: The Occult, Female Sexuality, And The Media

      Barr, Sandra; Soehl, Morgan Marie (The University of Arizona., 2019)
      In this essay I will compare depictions of women in Northern Renaissance prints and the modern media in order to reveal the roots of stereotypical representations of women. Women who go against the status quo are represented as witches so as to prey on societal fears of female sexuality and dominance. Printmaking and the modern media both represent women with a binary understanding of femininity. How these stereotypes of women are represented in the media today have roots in Northern Renaissance prints that were heavily influenced by the Malleus Maleficarum, the first treatise on witches and the occult. This treatise utilized gendered stereotypes to describe witches, thus generating a fear of the occult that manifests as a fear of female power, particularly as it pertains to sexuality. Part one focuses on the Malleus Maleficarum as it was applied to various works of art during the 15th and 16th centuries. Part two will prove that the iconographic references utilized during the Northern Renaissance have continued on as unconscious bias within society, manifesting in the way women are represented in the media. Understanding these roots is an important step towards understanding why women have historically been relegated to a second-class status.
    • A Comparison Of Two Procedures For Analyzing Spontaneous Language In Preschool Children With Developmental Language Disorder

      Plante, Elena; Lovelace, Kenna Elizabeth (The University of Arizona., 2019)
      The purpose of this study is to make a comparison of the SALT and SUGAR language sample analysis procedures in gathering evidence of language impairment from spontaneous language samples. Three preschool children with developmental language disorder (DLD) participated in the study. The children were asked a variety of open-ended questions in order to obtain a conversational sample. A total of 50 utterances were then transcribed and analyzed using the SALT and SUGAR analysis procedures. The results were then compared against the normative database for each procedure. The SALT analysis identified 2 out of 3 children as being outside one standard deviation (SD) relative to database peers on measures common to both procedures whereas the SUGAR analysis identified only 1 of the 3 children. SALT provided additional measures in which all 3 of the children fell outside of one SD relative to database peers. Based on the results, researchers determined that despite the SUGAR analysis being more efficient, the SALT analysis provides much more detailed data about expressive language development. Therefore, the SALT analysis should be used over the SUGAR analysis to analyze spontaneous language and provide supporting evidence for diagnosing children with DLD.
    • A Conflict Evaluation: Assessing China’s Interests In The South China Sea

      Schuler, Paul; Eulano, Alec Cole (The University of Arizona., 2019)
      This paper explores the interests that China holds within the South China Sea. Firstly, it details the validity of China’s historic claims to the South China Sea, as well as the international laws dictating territorial rights. Along with assessing the legality of their occupation, this paper assesses the concrete, or tangible, and conceptual, or intangible, benefits of controlling the South China Sea. Issues such as the oil reserves, the fisheries, and the amount of trade in the South China Sea is assessed in relation to China’s interests and possible gains. This also includes the effects of occupation on their nationalism, and the hypothetical gains in military or global leverage. While mostly focusing on China, this paper briefly touches upon neighboring countries’ competing interests as well as assessing their effect on China’s role in occupying the South China Sea. Finally, it argues that the main compelling interest for China is the military utility gained by securing the South China Sea.
    • A Creative Investigation Into Epic Poetry: Solead

      Christenson, David M.; Walker, Katherine Lauren (The University of Arizona., 2019)
      In the manner of an epyllion, this fictional poetic piece explores how a modern epic might be constructed. Using a science fiction setting, two sides of a growing conflict in Earth’s solar system are followed on their respective journeys and in their inevitable convergence as each group fights for the truths or lies they have come to believe. It also serves as an investigation into the composition process of an epic in an effort to better understand the creative choices of classical works of this genre.
    • A Longitudinal Study Of The Drivers And Effectiveness Of Brand Storytelling

      Nielsen, Jesper; Watts, Hannah Caitlyn Ann (The University of Arizona., 2019)
      With the ever-increasing number of advertisements in the market, consumers are becoming bombarded with messaging, and brands are trying to find ways to break through it all to reach consumers on a meaningful level. Marketing experts recommend brand storytelling as a way to improve the effectiveness of advertising by increasing the emotional appeal. However, the theory of brand storytelling and implementation among brands does not align; oftentimes in practice, brand storytelling merges into a blurry distinction between its core concept and simply narrative stories. This study set out to discover the differences in persuasion between brand storytelling and narrative advertising within marketing efforts. I explore which driving forces – narrative transportation and cognitive evaluation – lead to consumer persuasion in brand storytelling and how those effect long-term brand perception. The results show brand storytelling creates shortterm effects on cognitive evaluation and narrative transportation, but does not cause a significant difference in persuasion. Across time, brand storytelling does not differ from narrative advertising after a single exposure. Therefore it is recommended, among other things, that organizations utilize brand storytelling in an omni-channel strategy to increase impressions while integrating narrative advertising for repeat exposure as it offers less structure and lends to greater innovation.
    • A New Venture And Its Possibility In Sonora, Mexico: $plit, The Future Of Turning Tables

      Alsua, Carlos; Morgan, Jack (The University of Arizona., 2019)
      $plit is a venture that I created throughout the academic year of 2018-19. This venture is aimed at solving long wait times, and checkout process at restaurants. $plit does this by simplifying and accelerating the full-service casual dining restaurants’ payment processes for the restaurant and end user through our POS integration and mobile platform. As $plit is a business that is scalable beyond the US Market, I turned to Sonora, Mexico to not only learn more about business culture, but the viability $plit has in that market. This thesis will include $plit’s business plan, as well as the research and validation conducted in and about Sonora, Mexico as a business culture and market.