INDUSTRIAL-VOCATIONAL EDUCATION IN SAUDI ARABIA: 'PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS'
AuthorʻAlāqī, Madanī ʻAbd al-Qādir
KeywordsOccupational training -- Saudi Arabia.
Vocational education -- Saudi Arabia.
Manpower policy -- Saudi Arabia.
Labor supply -- Saudi Arabia.
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Degree ProgramGraduate College
Degree GrantorUniversity of Arizona
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INTEREST-FREE LOANS USED BY THE SAUDI GOVERNMENT AS A TRANSFER MECHANISM OF OIL REVENUE TO THE PRIVATE SECTOR (SAUDI ARABIA).FOZAN, MOHAMMED NASSER. (The University of Arizona., 1986)Prior to 1970 the Saudi Government faced severe socioeconomic problems two of which were: (1) the contribution of the private sector to the Gross Domestic Product was low, and (2) the oil revenues were the main source of the national income. As the oil revenues rapidly increased between 1972 and 1981, the government used every means at its disposal to encourage the private sector. The goal was to diversify the sources of national income in order to decrease the dependency on oil revenues as the main source of national income. To achieve this the government has provided interest-free loans to the private sector which, along with the demand, has increased the gross domestic fixed capital formation of the private sector. The purpose of this study was to theoretically explain the phenomenal expansion of the private sector. Three models were developed from the least to the most difficult. The main principle of the models is that the expansion of the private sector is stimulated because of the low cost of capital in Saudi Arabia. Since oil revenues (the main source of government expenditures) have decreased in recent years questions have been raised concerning the ability of the private sector to support the economy. It is argued that the demand of national and international markets will increase in the future, thus allowing the private sector to expand further. Even though the cost of capital will increase, Saudi companies will be able to compete either nationally or internationally. In addition, the competitiveness of the Saudi capital market may increase which will, in turn, benefit the Saudi economy.
The Conservation of Cultural Routes in Saudi Arabia (The Sultani Hajj Route between Almadinah and Makkah)Al Kadi, Abrar Abdullah H. (The University of Arizona., 2016)The Sultani Hajj Route between AlMadinah and Makkah is one of the most significant heritage properties in Saudi Arabia. However, it has not been identified or designated as a significant cultural route worthy of conservation. Hence, many significant historic elements and sites along the route are being lost or damaged. This thesis was written to use World Heritage Cultural Route criteria to identify the Sultani Hajj Route as a heritage resource worthy of conservation. The thesis reviews UNESCO guidelines and criteria for designating cultural routes on the World Heritage List (WHL), and then applies these guidelines to identify the Sultani Hajj Route for possible designation on the WHL. Based on interviews and field surveys, 77 significant historic properties associated with the Sultani Hajj Route are identified, and 12 of these heritage resources are described in detail. The goal of this thesis is to spark interest in conserving this universally valuable Saudi cultural route while acknowledging that many concerns still need to be addressed, including raising public awareness and increasing public participation in the conservation process.
Testing for differences between factors affecting job satisfaction measures of librarians at King Abdulaziz Public Library and Al-Imam Muhammad Ibn Saud Islamic University Library in Riyadh, Saudi ArabiaAbalkhali, Abdulwahab Mohammed (The University of Arizona., 2000)The problem addressed in this study was to test for differences in job satisfaction of the librarians who were employed at two different library settings: King Abdulaziz Public Library (KAPL) and Al-Imam Muhammad Ibn Saud University Library (IUL) in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. The purpose of this study was to determine if there were differences in perception of job satisfaction between the librarians in two types of libraries. Other purposes of this study were: (1) To determine if the differences are a factor of the variables that related to the librarians' personal situations, such as marital status, age, education, type of library, nature of work, length of years working at the present library, length of years in the profession, position level, salary, compensation, training, and job leaving. (2) To determine the degree of job satisfaction related to factors that influence the environment of the work at these libraries, such as supervision, staff development, social status, and pay. To measure the differences in job satisfaction among librarians in both libraries, the study utilized a questionnaire based on the work of Al-Salem. The population for this study is all the librarians working in the two libraries. Results were tabulated from the distribution of 105 questionnaires. There were sixty-eight (64%) completed and useable questionnaires for both libraries. Of the 55 questionnaires, 32 (58%) were returned from Al-Imam University Library. Of the 50 questionnaires sent to King Abdulaziz Public Library, 36 (72%) were returned. The data obtained from the participants were examined and analyzed by using the SAS program to run the one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) technique. If the one way ANOVA test revealed a significant difference at the .05 level, the t-test was used to find the differences in the satisfaction of the various groups of employees. The results of the survey revealed that among the twelve independent variables that were involved in this study, only three had statistically significant effects at .05 level. These were type of library, annual salary, and job leaving. Regarding the type of library, the university librarians were more satisfied than the public librarians with regard to pay. The study showed that librarians who fall in the middle annual salary range were more satisfied than the other two annual salary ranges. With regard to job leaving, it was found that this variable had a significant effect on the dependent variable pay. While there was some evidence of job dissatisfaction, some suggestions and recommendations are drawn. First, the employees' salaries should be raised in both libraries to provide a better balance with Saudi living expenses. Second, opportunities for training and staff development should be available.