INDUSTRIAL-VOCATIONAL EDUCATION IN SAUDI ARABIA: 'PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS'
AuthorʻAlāqī, Madanī ʻAbd al-Qādir
KeywordsOccupational training -- Saudi Arabia.
Vocational education -- Saudi Arabia.
Manpower policy -- Saudi Arabia.
Labor supply -- Saudi Arabia.
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PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Degree ProgramGraduate College
Degree GrantorUniversity of Arizona
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INTEREST-FREE LOANS USED BY THE SAUDI GOVERNMENT AS A TRANSFER MECHANISM OF OIL REVENUE TO THE PRIVATE SECTOR (SAUDI ARABIA).Bierwag, Gerald; FOZAN, MOHAMMED NASSER.; Wells, Donald; Wert, James (The University of Arizona., 1986)Prior to 1970 the Saudi Government faced severe socioeconomic problems two of which were: (1) the contribution of the private sector to the Gross Domestic Product was low, and (2) the oil revenues were the main source of the national income. As the oil revenues rapidly increased between 1972 and 1981, the government used every means at its disposal to encourage the private sector. The goal was to diversify the sources of national income in order to decrease the dependency on oil revenues as the main source of national income. To achieve this the government has provided interest-free loans to the private sector which, along with the demand, has increased the gross domestic fixed capital formation of the private sector. The purpose of this study was to theoretically explain the phenomenal expansion of the private sector. Three models were developed from the least to the most difficult. The main principle of the models is that the expansion of the private sector is stimulated because of the low cost of capital in Saudi Arabia. Since oil revenues (the main source of government expenditures) have decreased in recent years questions have been raised concerning the ability of the private sector to support the economy. It is argued that the demand of national and international markets will increase in the future, thus allowing the private sector to expand further. Even though the cost of capital will increase, Saudi companies will be able to compete either nationally or internationally. In addition, the competitiveness of the Saudi capital market may increase which will, in turn, benefit the Saudi economy.
Ground water system evaluation for Wadi Nisah, Saudi ArabiaAbdulrazzak, Mohammed Jamil,1947-; Evans, Daniel D. (The University of Arizona., 1976)A detailed study of the Biyadh sandstone aquifer in the Wadi Nisah graben was conducted primarily to adopt a simple ground water model that could be used for evaluation and management of the aquifer and to study the feasibility of additional ground water withdrawal. The model developed by Prickett has been adapted to fit the Wadi Nisah aquifer since it is simple to operate, requires less computer memory, and provides fast program execution. In light of the results obtained during the calibration, it was concluded that the model could be used for future management of the aquifer. This study also indicated that further development of the aquifer is possible through the construction of an additional new well field at the lower end of the aquifer. A prediction analysis of the water level decline was made for the proposed well field and also for the other well fields in the area, which indicated that over a 30-year period the expected drawdown would constitute 20-30 percent of the available saturated thickness. The simulation technique used in generalizing data for rainfall, runoff, and infiltration for the Wadi Nisah area demonstrated that this procedure could be used in other areas of Saudi Arabia where only limited data are available.