INDUSTRIAL-VOCATIONAL EDUCATION IN SAUDI ARABIA: 'PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS'
AuthorʻAlāqī, Madanī ʻAbd al-Qādir
KeywordsOccupational training -- Saudi Arabia.
Vocational education -- Saudi Arabia.
Manpower policy -- Saudi Arabia.
Labor supply -- Saudi Arabia.
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Degree ProgramGraduate College
Degree GrantorUniversity of Arizona
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
INTEREST-FREE LOANS USED BY THE SAUDI GOVERNMENT AS A TRANSFER MECHANISM OF OIL REVENUE TO THE PRIVATE SECTOR (SAUDI ARABIA).FOZAN, MOHAMMED NASSER. (The University of Arizona., 1986)Prior to 1970 the Saudi Government faced severe socioeconomic problems two of which were: (1) the contribution of the private sector to the Gross Domestic Product was low, and (2) the oil revenues were the main source of the national income. As the oil revenues rapidly increased between 1972 and 1981, the government used every means at its disposal to encourage the private sector. The goal was to diversify the sources of national income in order to decrease the dependency on oil revenues as the main source of national income. To achieve this the government has provided interest-free loans to the private sector which, along with the demand, has increased the gross domestic fixed capital formation of the private sector. The purpose of this study was to theoretically explain the phenomenal expansion of the private sector. Three models were developed from the least to the most difficult. The main principle of the models is that the expansion of the private sector is stimulated because of the low cost of capital in Saudi Arabia. Since oil revenues (the main source of government expenditures) have decreased in recent years questions have been raised concerning the ability of the private sector to support the economy. It is argued that the demand of national and international markets will increase in the future, thus allowing the private sector to expand further. Even though the cost of capital will increase, Saudi companies will be able to compete either nationally or internationally. In addition, the competitiveness of the Saudi capital market may increase which will, in turn, benefit the Saudi economy.
Testing for differences between factors affecting job satisfaction measures of librarians at King Abdulaziz Public Library and Al-Imam Muhammad Ibn Saud Islamic University Library in Riyadh, Saudi ArabiaAbalkhali, Abdulwahab Mohammed (The University of Arizona., 2000)The problem addressed in this study was to test for differences in job satisfaction of the librarians who were employed at two different library settings: King Abdulaziz Public Library (KAPL) and Al-Imam Muhammad Ibn Saud University Library (IUL) in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. The purpose of this study was to determine if there were differences in perception of job satisfaction between the librarians in two types of libraries. Other purposes of this study were: (1) To determine if the differences are a factor of the variables that related to the librarians' personal situations, such as marital status, age, education, type of library, nature of work, length of years working at the present library, length of years in the profession, position level, salary, compensation, training, and job leaving. (2) To determine the degree of job satisfaction related to factors that influence the environment of the work at these libraries, such as supervision, staff development, social status, and pay. To measure the differences in job satisfaction among librarians in both libraries, the study utilized a questionnaire based on the work of Al-Salem. The population for this study is all the librarians working in the two libraries. Results were tabulated from the distribution of 105 questionnaires. There were sixty-eight (64%) completed and useable questionnaires for both libraries. Of the 55 questionnaires, 32 (58%) were returned from Al-Imam University Library. Of the 50 questionnaires sent to King Abdulaziz Public Library, 36 (72%) were returned. The data obtained from the participants were examined and analyzed by using the SAS program to run the one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) technique. If the one way ANOVA test revealed a significant difference at the .05 level, the t-test was used to find the differences in the satisfaction of the various groups of employees. The results of the survey revealed that among the twelve independent variables that were involved in this study, only three had statistically significant effects at .05 level. These were type of library, annual salary, and job leaving. Regarding the type of library, the university librarians were more satisfied than the public librarians with regard to pay. The study showed that librarians who fall in the middle annual salary range were more satisfied than the other two annual salary ranges. With regard to job leaving, it was found that this variable had a significant effect on the dependent variable pay. While there was some evidence of job dissatisfaction, some suggestions and recommendations are drawn. First, the employees' salaries should be raised in both libraries to provide a better balance with Saudi living expenses. Second, opportunities for training and staff development should be available.
Children's books of Saudi Arabia: Literary and cultural analysisAl-Sudairi, Nojood Musaed (The University of Arizona., 2000)After studying hundreds of Saudi children's books, I decided to keep eighty of them to represent my selection. My main focus in this study is the literary and cultural characteristics of Saudi children's books. Thus, this study is based on two questions: What are the literary characteristics of Saudi children's books? and What are the cultural characteristics of Saudi children's books? I used the content analysis approach to answer both questions. Content analysis means the use of a theory or theme to analyze a text or a series of texts. The theory or theme is used as an analytical device, the main focus being analysis of the text rather than development of theory. In order to answer the question about the literary characteristics of Saudi children's books, I studied the seven most common literary elements found in textbooks of children's literature. A literary analysis chart was developed representing character, plot, setting, theme, point of view, style and tone. After analyzing the selected books literarily, I found that only a small number of the selected books use techniques of the literary elements to attract the readers. The majority of the books represent the false nature of flat characters and are written to instruct and educate children rather than entertain them. Illustrations do not add much to the written text in the majority of books; thus the majority of the books are illustrated books rather than picturebooks. A cultural analysis chart was developed from the readings and the interviews about Saudi culture. Three major categories represent the Saudi culture for this study: religion, family and childhood. After doing the cultural analysis for the selected books I found that there are many misrepresentations of the Saudi culture in most of the books indicating a lack of careful study of the culture. There is a separation between religious and nonreligious books, women have traditional roles in most of the books, and children are portrayed as either ideal or stupid in the majority of the books. Moreover, the landscape and/or the clothes of characters in most of the books are misrepresented.