A novel approach in the detection of muon neutrino to tau neutrino oscillation from extragalactic neutrinos
AuthorIyer, Sharada Ramalingham
KeywordsPhysics, Astronomy and Astrophysics.
Physics, Elementary Particles and High Energy.
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
AbstractA novel approach is proposed for studying the ν(μ) → ν(τ) oscillation and detection of extragalactic neutrinos. Active Galactic Nuclei (AGN), Gamma Ray Bursters (GRB) and Topological Defects are believed to be sources of ultrahigh energy ν(μ) and νₑ. These astrophysical sources provide a long baseline of 100Mpc, or more, for possible detection of ν(μ) → ν(τ) oscillation with mixing parameter Δm² down to 10⁻¹⁷ eV², many orders of magnitude below the current accelerator experiments. The propagation characteristics of upward going muon and tau neutrinos is studied to show that high energy tau neutrinos cascade down in energy as they propagate through the Earth, producing an enhancement of the incoming tau neutrino flux in the low energy region. By contrast, high energy muon neutrinos get attenuated as they traverse the Earth. It is observed that the relative steepness of the incoming neutrino flux spectrum and the nadir angle of the Earth are two important factors that influence the enhancement and cascade of nutau flux. This effect provides a novel way to search for tau neutrino appearance by measuring the angular dependence of tau neutrino induced upward muons; and upward hadronic and electromagnetic showers. A Monte Carlo evaluation of tau survival probability and its range shows that at energies below 10⁷ - 10⁸ GeV, depending on the material, only tau decays are important. However, at higher energies the tau energy losses are significant, hence reducing the survival probability of tau. Here, tau energy loss for energies up to 10⁹ GeV have been calculated taking into consideration the decay of tau. An understanding of tau energy loss at very high energies could help with the interpretation of long tracks produced by charged particles in large underground detectors.
Degree ProgramGraduate College