AdvisorRyan, William E.
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PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
AbstractLow-density parity-check (LDPC) codes have shown capacity-approaching performance with soft iterative decoding algorithms. Simulating LDPC codes at very low error rates normally takes an unacceptably long time. We consider importance sampling (IS) schemes for the error rate estimation of LDPC codes, with the goal of dramatically reducing the necessary simulation time. In IS simulations, the sample distribution is biased to emphasize the occurrence of error events and efficiency can be achieved with properly biased sample distributions. For LDPC codes, we propose an IS scheme that overcomes a difficulty in traditional IS designs that require codebook information. This scheme is capable of estimating both codeword and bit error rates. As an example, IS gains on the order of 105 are observed at a bit error rate (BER) of 10-15 for a (96, 48) code. We also present an importance sampling scheme for the decoding of loop-free multiple-layer trees. This scheme is asymptotically efficient in that, for an arbitrary tree and a given estimation precision, the required number of simulations is inversely proportional to the noise standard deviation. The motivation of this study is to shed light on an asymptotically efficient IS design for LDPC code simulations. For an example depth-3 regular tree, we show that only 2400 simulation runs are needed to achieve a 10% estimation precision at a BER of 10-75. Similar promising results are also shown for a length-9 rate-1/3 regular code after being converted to a decoding tree. Finally, we consider a convolutionally coded CDMA system with iterative multiuser detection and decoding. In contrast to previous work in this area, a differential encoder is inserted to effect an interleaver gain. We view the CDMA channel as a periodically time-varying ISI channel. The receiver jointly decodes the differential encoders and the CDMA channel with a combined trellis, and shares soft output information with the convolutional decoders in an iterative (turbo) fashion. Dramatic gains over conventional convolutionally coded systems are demonstrated via simulation. We also show that there exists an optimal code rate under a bandwidth constraint. The performance and optimal code rates are also demonstrated via density evolution analysis.
Degree ProgramGraduate College
Electrical and Computer Engineering