Synthesis and reactivity of organotantalum complexes containing nitrogen ligation
AuthorFox, Peter Anthony, 1965-
AdvisorWigley, David E.
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
AbstractThis work examines various aspects of hydrodenitrogenation catalysis. Various tetrahydroquinolinyl (THQ) and indolinyl (DHI) complexes of tantalum were synthesized including: Ta(THQ)ₓCl₅₋ₓ(x = 1 to 5), Ta(DHI) ₓCl₅₋ₓ(THF) (x = 1 and 2). In addition, THQ and DHI complexes containing aryloxide (OAr = 2,6-diisopropylphenoxide) and alkyl complexes were also synthesized: Ta(THQ)(OAr)Cl₃(OEt₂), Ta(THQ)₂(OAr)₂Cl, Ta(THQ)(OAr)R₃Cl (R = Me and Et), Ta(THQ)₂(OAr)₂R (R = Me and Et), Ta(DHI)(OAr)Cl₃(OEt₂), and Ta(DHI)₂(OAr)₂Cl. The effects of sulfur ligation versus oxygen ligation was examined by comparison of the crystal structures of Ta[η²(N,C)-2,4,6-tri-t-butylpyridinel](OAr)₂(OᵗBu) and Ta[η²(N,C)-2,4,6-tri-t-butylpyridine](OAr)₂(SᵗBu). The sulfur ligand donates less π density to the metal center, resulting in a longer Ta-C bond for the pyridine ligand. The arene complexes (η⁶C₆Me₆)Ta(OAr)(SAr')Cl and (η⁶-C₆Me₆)Ta(OAr)(SAr'')Cl were also synthesized. These arene-thiolate complexes do not appear to bind quinoline, unlike the oxygen analogs A number of Ta(η⁴-diene)(OAr)₃ complexes were synthesized (diene = butadiene, isoprene, 2,3-dimethylbutadiene, 1,3-cyclohexadiene) and their reactivity with respect to nitriles examined. Nitriles typically insert into Ta(η⁴-isoprene)(OAr)₃ to form (ArO₃Ta(CH₂CHCMeCH₂CRN) which can then be thermally rearranged to (ArO) ₃Ta(=NCRCH₂CHCMeCH₂) (R = Me, Ph, ᵗBu). Similar reactivity is observed with butadiene and 2,3-dimethylbutadiene diene complexes. The Ta(η⁴-C₄H₆)(OAr)₃ complex is also capable of inserting two nitriles to form (ArO)₃Ta(NCRCH₂CHCHCH₂CRN), whereas Ta(η⁴-1,3-cyclohexadiene)(OAr)₃ only forms the bis-insertion product. Aspects of the formation of the above complexes with specific concentration on the tantalum-nitrogen interactions are presented.
Degree ProgramGraduate College