A model for estimating allowable transition metal contamination in DRAMs
AuthorSchmid, John Robert, 1952-
AdvisorSchrimpf, Ronald D.
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
AbstractDue to new memory-cell architectures, the leakage-current requirements for semiconductor memories will become less stringent with increased levels of integration. The implication of these requirements with regard to allowable metallic contamination levels is investigated with a one-dimensional model based on Shockley-Read-Hall generation-recombination. The model was developed to predict leakage-current in carrier-depleted regions as a function of basic process and metallic contaminant parameters. As device dimensions are reduced, transition metal homogeneous contamination in process chemicals can be an important source of generation-recombination centers that result in the dominant generation-current in the space-charge region. The model allows an estimation of an upper bound for transition metal contamination in advanced processes and is applied for DRAM leakage predictions. Using the model, it is demonstrated that the trend toward lower leakage-current density requirements reverses after the 64-Mbit generation DRAM as a result of memory-cell architecture trends which significantly reduce the space-charge volume.
Degree ProgramGraduate College