The effects of explicit and interactive encoding of mood and stimuli on mood-dependent memory
AuthorTobias, Betsy Ann, 1957-
AdvisorKihlstrom, John F.
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
AbstractThe effects of explicitly attending to mood during encoding (rating mood) and interactive encoding of mood and stimuli (writing sentences relating the stimuli to encoding mood) on mood-dependent memory for neutral stimuli were examined. It was proposed that these manipulations would both increase the probability that mood state was encoded and increase the strength of the mood-stimuli link in memory thereby enhancing mood-dependent memory. A two list interference paradigm was used where subjects studied two lists of words in two different moods (happy and sad). Recall for both lists was tested while subjects were in one of the two moods. Mood was manipulated by a musical mood induction procedure. Control groups rated pictures for attractiveness and wrote sentences relating the stimuli to a non-moodrelated construct. Mood-dependent memory was not found in any of the conditions. Methodological and theoretical explanations for failure to find mood-dependency along with proposals for future research were discussed.
Degree ProgramGraduate College