Testing and Evaluation of Confined Polymer Concrete Pile with Carbon Fiber Sleeve
Direct Shear Test
Carbon Fiber Sleeve
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PublisherThe University of Arizona.
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EmbargoRelease after 23-Oct-2013
AbstractThe goal of this research is to investigate the behavior of polymer concrete confined with a carbon fiber sleeve used as a pile foundation. To evaluate the behavior of a confined polymer concrete pile in this research, four steps was considered. The first step of this investigation considered the mix design of polymer concrete, polymer concrete is a new material which is a combination of epoxy resin and aggregate. Instead of using a traditional mix of cement and water to make concrete, epoxy resin is used. Three dissimilar varieties of aggregate are mixed with different ratios in order to reach the maximum bulk density to obtain the maximum strength. After discovering the optimum ratio which gives the maximum bulk density, several samples of the aggregate are mixed with different ratios of epoxy resin. Next, the samples are investigated in a compression test to observe which ratios have the maximum strength and this ratio is used for a polymer concrete mix design to create a pile foundation. The pile is a built using a cast in place method and confined with a sleeve of carbon fiber. The second part of this investigation determined the structural mechanical properties of confined polymer concrete pile material. The unconfined and confined polymer concrete was tested in compression to determine compressive strength and stress-strain behavior. Similar tests were conducted on unconfined and confined cement concrete for comparison between these materials. Additional tension tests were conducted on unconfined polymer concrete. Then, a carbon fiber sleeve was tested in compression test to determine tensile strength and tension stress-strain behavior. After these tests, the confined polymer concrete is modeled in the computer program MATTCAD which is used to calculate the theoretical bending moment capacity and load-displacement curve. Finally, the confined polymer concrete is tested with the MTS 311 Load Frame in three point load flexure test to determine the experimentally bending moment capacity, load-displacement curve and compare with theoretical results. Confined polymer concrete was tested in one and two way cyclic loading to observe the ductility behavior of this material as laterally loaded piles and compared with cement concrete results in cyclic loading. The third part of this investigation determined the geotechnical mechanical properties of confined polymer concrete pile material. Cyclic Multi Degree of Freedom (CYMDOF) device was used to determine interface reaction and friction angle between confined polymer concrete and soil with interface shear test theory method. Furthermore, the same device was used to determine the friction angle of soil with direct shear test theory, and compare the friction angle results together. The last part of this investigation considered the behavior of different sized confined polymer concrete pile in different types of soil. A confined polymer concrete pile was modeled into PLAXIS and OPENSEES PL computer software to analysis pile in axial load and lateral load respectively. Furthermore, a cement concrete pile was modeled with similar software and conditions to compare these two materials.
Degree ProgramGraduate College