AuthorHirisave Shivaram, Niranjan
AdvisorSandhu, Arvinder S.
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
AbstractElectron dynamics in atoms and molecules occurs on a time-scale of attoseconds (10⁻¹⁸s). With the availability of strong field (∼ 10¹²- 10¹³ W cm⁻²) femtosecond (10⁻¹⁵s) laser pulses with electric fields that can reach and exceed the Coulomb field strength experienced by an electron in the ground state of an atom, it is now possible to generate even shorter pulses with durations on the order of attoseconds by the process of high-harmonic generation (HHG). In this dissertation, experiments to study electron dynamics on attosecond time-scales in a helium atom using attosecond pulses generated by HHG will be described. We use extreme-ultraviolet (XUV) attosecond pulse trains and strong femtosecond near-infrared (IR) laser pulses to excite and ionize helium atoms. We first discuss an experimental technique that allows us to quantify and reduce the detrimental effects of Gouy phase slip on attosecond XUV-IR experiments. We then discuss our experiments to study the dynamic behavior of electronic states in a strong field modified helium atom where we use attosecond pulses to explore the strong-field modified atomic landscape. Using the Floquet theory to interpret our experimental observations we measure the variation in quantum phase of interferences between different fourier components of Floquet states as the IR intensity is varied and as different ionization channels dominate, in real-time. Next, we briefly discuss quantum interferences between photo-electrons ionized from XUV excited states in helium using an IR field which is polarized orthogonal to the XUV polarization. We observe variation in angular distribution of photo-electrons as a function of XUV-IR time-delay. We then discuss a new technique to measure the time-of-birth of attosecond pulses using XUV+IR photo-ionization in helium as a measurement probe. Finally, experiments to study the evolution of XUV excited wave-packets in helium on a time-scale of 100's of femtoseconds with attosecond resolution will be described.
Degree ProgramGraduate College
Degree GrantorUniversity of Arizona
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