• A Preliminary Assessment of Snowfall Interception in Arizona Ponderosa Pine Forest

      Tennyson, Larry C.; Ffolliott, Peter F.; Thorud, David S.; Department of Watershed Management, University of Arizona, Tucson 85721 (Arizona-Nevada Academy of Science, 1973-05-05)
      A preliminary assessment and ranking of the relative significance of five processes that may contribute to snow removal from ponderosa pine forest canopies was made, including wind erosion of canopy snow, snowslide from the canopy, stemflow, vapor transport from melt water, and vapor transport of canopy snow. The first three represent delayed delivery rather than net water loss. A snow load index was obtained through use of time lapse photography of the study site canopy, while incoming solar radiation and atmospheric processes were monitored. The snow load index was expressed as a ratio of forest canopy area covered with snow to the total canopy area. Results obtained over a 4-day period following a six-hour snowstorm showed that snow removal by snowslide and wind erosion was of significant importance, while vapor transport of melt water and canopy snow, stemflow, and dripping of melt water was of comparatively minor importance.