NSAIDs Modulate Morphine Transport at the Blood-Brain Barrier: A Role for P-glycoprotein
AuthorSanchez Covarrubias, Lucy
AdvisorDavis, Thomas P.
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
EmbargoRelease after 22-Apr-2015
AbstractOur laboratory has previously demonstrated that experimental peripheral inflammatory pain (PIP), induced by subcutaneous plantar injection of λ-carrageenan in Sprague Dawley rats, results in increased expression and activity of the ATP-dependent efflux transporter P-glycoprotein (P-gp) that is endogenously expressed at the blood-brain barrier (BBB). Increased P-gp functional expression was associated with a significant reduction in CNS uptake of morphine and, subsequently, reduced morphine analgesic efficacy. The present study examined whether the PIP-induced increase in P-gp functional expression was due to changes in intracellular trafficking (i.e., localization of P-gp), mediated by changes in the association of P-gp and caveolin-1, a key trafficking protein. These studies also determined if the drug diclofenac, a non-steroidal antiinflammatory (NSAID) that is commonly administered in conjunction with opioids during peripheral inflammatory pain (PIP), altered or modulated P-gp functional expression providing evidence of a drug-drug interaction. Confocal microscopy and subcellular fractionation revealed that under conditions of PIP, the disassembly of high-molecular weight P-gp-containing structures result in an increase in P-gp ATPase activity and changes in the localization of P-gp. Western blot analysis demonstrated further an increase in P-gp expression in rat brain microvessels following PIP induction and also after diclofenac treatment alone in the absence of PIP. Additionally, in situ brain perfusion studies showed that both PIP and diclofenac treatment alone increased P-gp efflux activity resulting in decreased radiolabeled- morphine uptake into the brain. This concurrent administration of NSAIDs and opioids in the presence of a pathophysiological stressor (i.e., pain/inflammation) may result in clinically significant drug-drug interactions that may impair the desired pharmacologic response and analgesic effects of opioids. Such interactions can lead to significant modifications to pain management in clinical settings. Therefore: The central hypothesis of this work is that the pathophysiological stressor peripheral inflammatory pain (PIP) and the pharmacological agent diclofenac modulate P-glycoprotein functional expression at the BBB. This hypothesis may be broken down further into two parts: 1) PIP induced changes in P-gp functional expression are mediated via changes in Pgp intracellular trafficking. 2) The non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug Diclofenac, a drug commonly used to treat pain, modulates P-gp functional expression at the BBB thus decreasing morphine uptake into the CNS.
Degree ProgramGraduate College