• Retractions, Post-Publication Peer Review and Fraud: Scientific Publishing's Wild West

      Oransky, Ivan; Retraction Watch (University of Arizona Library (Tucson, AZ), 2016-10-27)
      Ivan Oransky and Adam Marcus founded Retraction Watch in 2010. Unbeknownst to them, retractions had grown ten-fold in the previous decade. Oransky will discuss the reasons for that increase, whether fraud is on the rise, the growth of post-publication peer review, and other trends he and Marcus have seen as they've built a site that is now viewed by 150,000 people per month, and funded by philanthropies including the MacArthur and Arnold Foundations.
    • Rigor and Transparency i.e., How to prevent the zombie paper Apocalypse

      Bandrowski, Anita; University of California, San Diego (University of Arizona Library (Tucson, AZ), 2016-10-27)
      The NIH is now requiring the authentication of Key Biological Resources to be specified in a scored portion of most grant applications, but what does it mean to authenticate? We will discuss what Key Biological Resources are, the ongoing efforts to understand how to authenticate them and of course the resources available, including examples. The journal response to authentication will also be pointed to and practical steps that every researcher can take today to improve reporting of research in scientific publication.
    • Sharing Specifications or Repeatability in Computer Systems Research

      Collberg, Christian S; Proebsting, Todd A.; University of Arizona (University of Arizona Library (Tucson, AZ), 2016-10-27)
      We describe a study into the extent to which Computer Systems researchers share their code and data. Starting with 601 papers from ACM conferences and journals, we examine the papers whose results were backed by code to see for what fraction of these we would be able to obtain and build the code. Based on the results of this study, we propose a novel sharing specification scheme that requires researchers to specify the level of sharing that reviewers and readers can assume from a paper.