An Evidence-Based Protocol for Optical Care and Recovery of Opioid Exposed Neonates: A Best Practice Approach
PublisherThe University of Arizona.
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AbstractThe purpose of this thesis was to develop recommendations for best practice in nursing care of newborns exposed to opioids during intrauterine life. Approximately 3% of the 4.1 million women of childbearing age in the United States are believed to continue drug use throughout pregnancy (Gunn and Kriger, 2007). Opioid use during pregnancy is the leading cause of Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome (NAS), defined as a constellation of signs and symptoms displayed upon neonatal withdrawal from gestational opioid exposure (Jannson and Velez, 2012). Nurses caring for newborns with NAS often work with outdated or inconsistent plans of care for promoting optimal healing for opioid exposed neonates. The best possible treatment for the neonate suffering from NAS requires that each nursery or Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) that cares for neonates with NAS develop a protocol that defines indications and procedural screening for mothers suspected of drug abuse during pregnancy. In addition to a screening and assessment protocol, nurseries and NICUs need to develop a sound protocol for effective nursing care for neonates suffering from various degrees of NAS.
Degree ProgramHonors College