An Evidence-Based Protocol for Optimal Vitamin A Supplementation in India: A Best Practice Protocol
PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
AbstractThe purpose of this paper is to propose a best practice protocol for providing children living in India, ages six months to fifty nine months old, with maximally effective vitamin A supplementation every six months. Vitamin A supplements work as a prophylactic treatment to prevent the occurrence of ocular symptoms and reduce morbidity and mortality rates in children. The author first identifies the public health problem of vitamin A deficiency and discusses epidemiological trends of incidence and prevalence. Pertinent background information provides the history of supplementation in India. A brief overview addresses the physiological role of vitamin A and the negative impacts that occur when daily vitamin A requirements are not met. The author initiates a discussion about culturally specific attitudes and values regarding the process of vitamin A supplementation. The diffusion of innovation theory provides a conceptual framework. An in depth review of literature reflects recently published research on the degree of effectiveness of vitamin A supplementation on the youth population in India. Additional research results indicate an effective dose of vitamin A supplementation and how frequently to administer supplements. The author presents recommendations for a best practice protocol that modifies the current vitamin A supplementation program in place in India. This best practice protocol includes a detailed explanation of implementation and evaluation of the proposed protocol.
Degree ProgramHonors College