AffiliationNuclear Engineering, University of Arizona, Tucson
Water Resources Research Center, University of Arizona, Tucson
KeywordsHydrology -- Arizona.
Water resources development -- Arizona.
Hydrology -- Southwestern states.
Water resources development -- Southwestern states.
Electric power production
Water management (applied)
Electric power demand
Potential water supply
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RightsCopyright ©, where appropriate, is held by the author.
Collection InformationThis article is part of the Hydrology and Water Resources in Arizona and the Southwest collections. Digital access to this material is made possible by the Arizona-Nevada Academy of Science and the University of Arizona Libraries. For more information about items in this collection, contact email@example.com.
PublisherArizona-Nevada Academy of Science
AbstractAn examination of potential water sources for power plant cooling in Arizona is presented along with information pertinent to Arizona's future water needs relative to electrical usage growth. It has been projected that Arizona's peak electrical power demands in 1980 and 1990 will exceed that of 1970 by some 5000 megawatts and 16000 megawatts of electricity respectively. At present, the bulk of the electrical energy generated in the western states originates at hydroelectric installations. Utilization of nuclear reactors for power generation requires a larger amount of cooling water than is required for a comparable fossil-fueled plant. It is suggested that the utilization of reclaimed wastewater for cooling purposes is a viable and attractive alternative to groundwater pumpage from both economic and ecological standpoints. Savings arise from conservation of fuel normally required for well pumps, costs of well construction are not required, quantities of fresh water should be released for consumption by alternate users, and a previously unused resource would be effectively recycled.
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THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF WATER FOR COMPUTER SIMULATION OF POWER PLANTS.KUCK, INARA ZARINS. (The University of Arizona., 1982)Steam property evaluations may represent a significant portion of the computing time necessary for power system simulations. The iterative nature of the solutions for heat transfer and kinetic equations often requires thousands of steam property evaluations during the execution of a single program. Considerable savings may be realized by simplification of property evaluations. Empirical equations have been obtained for the thermodynamic properties of water in the region of interest. To maintain thermodynamic consistency, the compressibility factor Z, in terms of pressure and temperature, was obtained by curve fitting, and the enthalpy, entropy, and internal energy were derived by standard relationships. Formulations for heat capacity, saturation temperature as a function of saturation pressure, the specific volume of saturated water as a function of saturation pressure, and specific volume of saturated water as a function of the saturation temperature were determined by curve fitting of independent equations. Derivatives were obtained by differentiation of the appropriate formulations. Evaporator and superheater components of a liquid metal fast breeder reactor power plant simulator were chosen as test cases for the empirical representations. Results obtained using the empirical equations were comparable to those obtained using tabular values, but significant savings in computational costs were realized. Execution time for the evaporator program with the empirical forms was approximately 27 percent less than for the program with tables. Execution time for the super-heater program was approximately 23 percent less.
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Management Model for Electrical Power Production from a Hot-Water Geothermal ReservoirMaddock, Thomas, III; Mercer, James W.; Faust, Charles R.; Attanasi, Emil D.; University of Arizona; U.S. Geological Survey (Department of Hydrology and Water Resources, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1979-11)A management model is developed that determines the optimum economic recoverability of a particular hot -water geothermal reservoir undergoing exploitation for electric power generation. The management model integrates a physical model of the reservoir that predicts the areas of pressure decline due to withdrawals, and pressure rise due to reinjection of spent fluid, with a model of a two -stage steam turbine power plant that determines the quantity of electricity generated for a rate of hot -water extraction. Capital costs, variable costs and annual fixed costs are obtained for the reservoir development, extraction and reinjection, the transmission system, and the power plant. Revenues are determined for electrical power production. Application of the management model to a simplified, yet realistic example reservoir demonstrates that the methodology developed in this report can be used for analyzing the management of an integrated geothermal reservoir-power plant system.