AuthorChudnoff, D. A.
AffiliationDepartment of Hydrology and Water Resources, University of Arizona, Tucson
KeywordsHydrology -- Arizona.
Water resources development -- Arizona.
Hydrology -- Southwestern states.
Water resources development -- Southwestern states.
Water resources development
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RightsCopyright ©, where appropriate, is held by the author.
Collection InformationThis article is part of the Hydrology and Water Resources in Arizona and the Southwest collections. Digital access to this material is made possible by the Arizona-Nevada Academy of Science and the University of Arizona Libraries. For more information about items in this collection, contact firstname.lastname@example.org.
PublisherArizona-Nevada Academy of Science
AbstractThe relationships between the separate disciplines of hydrology and law are analysed in this study into how water law and its strictures may impose upon the development of urban runoff in the metropolitan Tucson area. Brief descriptions of the doctrine of appropriation, diffuse surface waters and developed waters are presented to illustrate the complexities of the problem of urban runoff development. It is suggested that planners must not only be aware of the legal issues involved but also must understand the philosophy and principles of water law.
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Develop Water Management Methods for Watersheds Subject to Intensive Development: Partial Project Completion ReportDavis, D.; Robotham, H. B.; Hydrology and Water Resources (Department of Hydrology and Water Resources, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1980-09)A water resources management study for the Sonoita Creek watershed was conducted in order to develop a usable water resources management plan for the area and to resolve possible conflict among the different water demands in the basin. These water demands are classified as municipal and domestic, recreation and agriculture. Six potential water resources management alternatives are developed and compared using the standardized cost -effectiveness methodology. This approach enables thorough and efficient comparison of the alternatives with respect to both quantifiable and unquantifiable criteria. Each alternative considers developing either the ground water or the surface water resources of the watershed. Also, each alternative considers some method of treated sewage effluent disposal. The algorithm ELECTRE I is used to select the most suitable plan for the watershed. This procedure is used because of its simplicity and its proven usefulness in analyzing multiobjective decision problems. With the available information on the ground and surface water resources of the watershed, the choice of alternatives is reduced to one, namely, construction of a small reservoir at Redrock Canyon. Evaporation control measures are needed in order to reduce evaporation losses from the reservoir. The reservoir would serve as a supplemental source of water for the town of Patagonia and for the Sonoita Creek Sanctuary. v
Develop Water Management Methods for Watersheds Subject to Intensive Development: Partial Project Completion ReportBen-Asher, J.; Diskin, M.; Kafri, U.; Resnick, S. D.; Sneidovich, M.; Stull, E. A.; Diaz-Pena, E.; Randall, J. H.; Water Resources Research Center (Water Resources Research Center, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1980-09)In dealing with water management methods for a watershed possibly subject to intensive development in the future, such as the Sonoita Creek Basin in Arizona, a model of the hydrologic system is the only possible link between the hydrologist and the systems engineer. The water balance picture that was taken by the hydrologist has to be advanced up to a point in which the response of the aquifer considered, to different water policies, will be known. At this point the integration between the environment and its management can be properly addressed. From a standpoint of the hydrologist, a model is therefore the overall goal of his study. Such a model will enable him to simulate the relationships between recharge, discharge and ground-water elevation. Consequently, a water balance model was calibrated, and a working routine with the model was developed that was used by the systems engineers.
Water for weststate, U.S.A.: the association in the politics of water resource development.Eiselein, E. B.(Eddie Bill),1942- (The University of Arizona., 1969)Water resource development in the American West is partially dependent upon a political process of decision-making. Within Weststate, U.S.A., this political process is viewed as a system composed of various social units and it is examined through the activities of one type of social unit--the formal voluntary association. Eight associations were studied over a period of eighteen months. Each of the associations was examined with regard to its activities in seven issues of water resource development, the internal organization of the association, the relationship of the association with the water-oriented power structure of the state, the interrelationships with the other social units of the system, the problems of associational success and failure, and function of the association in the internal maintenance of the system and its output. It was found that the associations were not totally independent of one another nor of the other social units in the system. Rather, they were observed to be connected in varying degrees of elasticity through the sharing of personnel, interlocking directorates, the role-positions of expert and observer, and indirect ties via intermediary social units. Within the system one of the basic functions of the associations was conflict reduction. Associations were found to decrease the potential for cooperation. The associations also served as conflict creators by acting as autonomous bases of countervailance. The distribution of power throughout the system, and particularly between the "public" and "private" sectors, was another function of the association. This was usually done in three ways: (1) coordinate, usually related to a task-specific division of power, (2) subordinate, usually tied to the need for grassroots support for agency programs, and (3) superordinate, which usually involved a clientele's control of a service agency. Another power distributing function of the associations was to act as a "drain" to draw power away from the system by arousing the masses and having them rescind the proxies of power which they had given de facto to the System. The association also functioned as change inducers by providing an informal and nonpublic setting for compromise and decision-making, by reducing conflict, and by distributing power. Conversely, the associations also functioned to prevent changes by acting as independent bases of countervailance and by draining power from the system.