Hybrid Numerical Integration Scheme for Highly Oscillatory Dynamical Systems
KeywordsMultibody system dynamics
AdvisorNikravesh, Parviz E.
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherThe University of Arizona.
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AbstractComputational efficiency of solving the dynamics of highly oscillatory systems is an important issue due to the requirement of small step size of explicit numerical integration algorithms. A system is considered to be highly oscillatory if it contains a fast solution that varies regularly about a slow solution. As for multibody systems, stiff force elements and contacts between bodies can make a system highly oscillatory. Standard explicit numerical integration methods should take a very small step size to satisfy the absolute stability condition for all eigenvalues of the system and the computational cost is dictated by the fast solution. In this research, a new hybrid integration scheme is proposed, in which the local linearization method is combined with a conventional integration method such as the fourth-order Runge-Kutta. In this approach, the system is partitioned into fast and slow subsystems. Then, the two subsystems are transformed into a reduced and a boundary-layer system using the singular perturbation theory. The reduced system is solved by the fourth-order Runge-Kutta method while the boundary-layer system is solved by the local linearization method. This new hybrid scheme can handle the coupling between the fast and the slow subsystems efficiently. Unlike other multi-rate or multi-method schemes, extrapolation or interpolation process is not required to deal with the coupling between subsystems. Most of the coupling effect can be accounted for by the reduced (or quasi-steady-state) system while the minor transient effect is taken into consideration by averaging. In this research, the absolute stability region for this hybrid scheme is derived and it is shown that the absolute stability region is almost independent of the fast variables. Thus, the selection of the step size is not dictated by the fast solution when a highly oscillatory system is solved, in turn, the computational efficiency can be improved. The advantage of the proposed hybrid scheme is validated through several dynamic simulations of a vehicle system including a flexible tire model. The results reveal that the hybrid scheme can reduce the computation time of the vehicle dynamic simulation significantly while attaining comparable accuracy.
Degree ProgramGraduate College