AuthorHalderman, Allan D.
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Series/Report no.University of Arizona Cooperative Extension Service and Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin A-20 Revised 1966
DescriptionThis item was digitized as part of the Million Books Project led by Carnegie Mellon University and supported by grants from the National Science Foundation (NSF). Cornell University coordinated the participation of land-grant and agricultural libraries in providing historical agricultural information for the digitization project; the University of Arizona Libraries, the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, and the Office of Arid Lands Studies collaborated in the selection and provision of material for the digitization project.
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Decline in Water Uptake by Irrigated Cotton During Boll Filling, and its Amelioration by Daily Drip IrrigationRadin, John W.; Mouney, Jack R.; Kerridge, Peter C. (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1988-03)In 1984,1985, and 1986, leaf water potentials of irrigated cotton declined markedly as the crop approached cutout. Midday transpiration rates also declined, indicating a water-stressed condition. The water stress occurred despite the fact that measurements were made only when the soil was fully charged with water. In 1986, plant hydraulic conductances were estimated. The conductance was high early in the season, declined to a low value during cutout, and increased during regrowth to the high value of the early season. It is suggested that root length and efficiency of water uptake, or both, decrease during boll filling as most assimilates are partitioned into the bolls. Daily drip irrigation prevented this susceptibility to stress during boll filling. In 1984 and 1986, drip irrigation decreased the length and severity of cutout, resulting in an increased boll load at the end of the season.
Comparison of Three Irrigation Scheduling Methods and Evaluation of Irrigation Leaching CharacteristicsScherer, Tom; Slack, Don; Watson, Jack; Fox, Fred; Silvertooth, Jeff; Bantlin, Marguerite (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1991)Three methods were used to schedule irrigations during the 1990 growing season on replicated plots at the Maricopa Ag Center using DPL 90 cotton. This is the final report of the research initiated in 1988. The three methods were: a soil water balance model based on historic consumptive use curves (ERIE), a soil water balance model (AZSCHED) based on the Modified Penman Equation and daily weather (AZMET), and infrared thermometry using the Crop Water Stress Index (CWSI). A potassium- bromide conservative tracer was applied at selected sites in the plots to evaluate leaching characteristics. The irrigation scheduling test was again duplicated at the Safford Experiment Station and is presented in another report. Results from this years data indicate that there was no significant difference in yield between the 3 methods. Also, there was no significant difference in the amount of applied irrigation water. The AZSCHED and ERIE methods will be developed into Extension educational tools and released for use by growers.