AuthorMoore, Carl Marcus, 1942-
KeywordsDebates and debating -- Moral and ethical aspects.
Debates and debating -- Study and teaching.
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Degree ProgramGraduate College
Degree GrantorUniversity of Arizona
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The Business of Collegiate Athletes: The Debate if Collegiate Athletes Should Be PaidHaines, Brandon Douglas (The University of Arizona., 2013)The basis of this project was to dig deeper into the major controversy surrounding college athletes and whether or not they should receive some sort of stipend while playing their respective sports. To gain further insight into this debate, interviews and surveys were used to collect data from varying target markets such as Athletic Directors, former collegiate athletes, current collegiate athletes, and other non-athletic students. This will provide various perspectives of the issue at hand. This study provided me with an in-depth look from each standpoint and addressed the benefits and problems of each side. After examining the results, I came to the conclusion that collegiate athletes, do indeed, deserve to receive some sort of compensation while they are involved in collegiate athletics.
A Structured Literature of the Debate Surrounding Aspirin and Reyes SyndromeHerrier, Richard N.; Arnold, Jaymie; Mikami, Ian; College of Pharmacy, The University of Arizona (The University of Arizona., 2005)Objectives: The purpose of this study is to conduct a structured literature search and review of published studies or case reports to evaluate the scientific validity of the association between the use of aspirin in children and the development of Reye’s syndrome exists. Methods: In this descriptive study to evaluate the literature, a Medline online database (1966 to April 2005) literature review was conducted with the purpose of identifying studies and case reports involving the association between aspirin and Reye’s Syndrome. Information examined from the various articles included: type of study, method of data analysis, viral diagnosis, confirmation of diagnostic accuracy, number of patients, age range of patients, other diseases considered, and p values/Odds ratios if available. Results: Of the eight true case-control studies analyzed (the additional case-control study was modified), seven supported the association between aspirin and Reye’s Syndrome with statistically significant differences found between cases and controls (a p- value of < 0.05 or an OR of at least 16). Only one case-control study found no stat istically significant association between the use of aspirin and the development of Reye’s Syndrome. Multiple discrepancies and methodological problems are discussed in detail. Implications: Based on available information, the FDA acted appropriately in 1986. However, aspirin has not been shown to cause Reye’s Syndrome.
Le Bourreau, Figure Emblématique du Débat Sur la Peine de Mort au Dix-Neuvième SiècleAndrade, Amandine (The University of Arizona., 2012)If one of the first accomplishments of the French Revolution was to prohibit torture, attempts to abolish the death penalty in the early years of the Revolution proved unsuccessful. As a result, the function of executioner survived, but the executioner's job description and his status changed considerably. The prohibition of torture led to the banishment of the term "bourreau;" the guillotine, adopted in 1792, made executions less cruel and more egalitarian; and the executioner, a full-fledged citizen since 1790, ceased to act as the "hand" of the king striking on behalf of God, to become the last link of the judiciary. One could therefore expect the executioner to disappear into the mass of anonymous civil servants, particularly since the number of executions steadily declined over the course of the nineteenth century. But the opposite is the case: the "bourreau" haunts the literary imagination of the period. Most of the texts by Balzac, Hugo, and Sanson examined in this dissertation have in common an effort on the part of narrators to convince the reader that executioners are not monsters but good and sensitive human beings. The goal of this dissertation is to explain this paradox. In Chapter I, which is devoted to Balzac's Memoirs of Sanson and An Episode Under the Terror, we show the Romantic portrayal of the executioner to be part of the royalist policies of commemoration of the regicide, of the dominant political discourse of the time that placed the blame for the regicide on the Convention. In Chapter II, we trace the evolution of Victor Hugo's thinking on the death penalty from Han d'Islande, with its sensitive executioner, to The Last Day of a Condemned Man, and its firm and unequivocal stand against the death penalty on moral grounds, and to Claude Gueux, an analysis of crimes and punishments in their social context. In chapter III, devoted to the Memoirs of the Sansons, we examine the reasons for the success of this work published by an ex-executioner in 1862, decades after the official disappearance of the "bourreau."