AuthorMoore, Carl Marcus, 1942-
KeywordsDebates and debating -- Moral and ethical aspects.
Debates and debating -- Study and teaching.
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Degree ProgramGraduate College
Degree GrantorUniversity of Arizona
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A Structured Literature of the Debate Surrounding Aspirin and Reyes SyndromeHerrier, Richard N.; Arnold, Jaymie; Mikami, Ian; College of Pharmacy, The University of Arizona (The University of Arizona., 2005)Objectives: The purpose of this study is to conduct a structured literature search and review of published studies or case reports to evaluate the scientific validity of the association between the use of aspirin in children and the development of Reye’s syndrome exists. Methods: In this descriptive study to evaluate the literature, a Medline online database (1966 to April 2005) literature review was conducted with the purpose of identifying studies and case reports involving the association between aspirin and Reye’s Syndrome. Information examined from the various articles included: type of study, method of data analysis, viral diagnosis, confirmation of diagnostic accuracy, number of patients, age range of patients, other diseases considered, and p values/Odds ratios if available. Results: Of the eight true case-control studies analyzed (the additional case-control study was modified), seven supported the association between aspirin and Reye’s Syndrome with statistically significant differences found between cases and controls (a p- value of < 0.05 or an OR of at least 16). Only one case-control study found no stat istically significant association between the use of aspirin and the development of Reye’s Syndrome. Multiple discrepancies and methodological problems are discussed in detail. Implications: Based on available information, the FDA acted appropriately in 1986. However, aspirin has not been shown to cause Reye’s Syndrome.
Psychosocial Impacts of Political Violence in the Context of Broader Debates on Post-Conflict ReconciliationLopez, Evangelina (The University of Arizona., 2017)This literature review will consider the literature on political violence, specifically genocide. Human rights and psychology will come together to examine psychological impacts of political violence and potential effective accompaniments for victims of political violence. Forms of reconciliation post-political violence will be addressed regarding the Guatemalan Genocide and comparatively. A case study on the Guatemalan Genocide will also be provided addressing the human rights violations that occurred, the psychosocial impacts of the genocide and forms of reconciliation that have been implemented. The case study on Guatemala brings to light an accurate example of transitional justice, and exposes the difficulty of attaining justice for victims.