dc.contributor.advisor Sasian, Jose M. en_US dc.contributor.author Wang, Yuhao dc.creator Wang, Yuhao en_US dc.date.accessioned 2014-08-27T23:05:40Z dc.date.available 2014-08-27T23:05:40Z dc.date.issued 2014 dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10150/325494 dc.description.abstract Classical field curvature theory emphasizes the Petzval theorem, which models field curvature aberration to the 4th order. However, modern lens designs use aspheric surfaces. These surfaces strongly induce higher order field curvature aberration which is not accounted for Petzval field curvature. This dissertation focuses on developing higher order field curvature theories that are applied to highly aspheric designs. Three new theories to control field curvature aberration are discussed. Theory 1: an aspheric surface that is close to the image and has two aspheric terms sharply reduces field curvature by 85%. Theory 2: an aspheric surface that is farther from the image plane induces astigmatism to balance Petzval field curvature. Theory 3: oblique spherical aberration can be induced to balance Petzval field curvature. All three theories are applied to real design examples including the following lenses: cellular phone, wide angle, fast photographic, and zoom lenses. All of the analyses results are consistent with the theories. Moreover, two types of novel aspheric surfaces are proposed to control field curvature. Neither of the surfaces are polynomial-type surfaces. Examples show that the novel aspheric surfaces are equivalent to even aspheric surfaces with two aspheric coefficients in terms of field curvature correction. The study on field curvature correction using aspheric surfaces provides an alternative method to use when aspheres are accessible. Overall, this dissertation advances the theory of field curvature aberration, and it is particularly valuable to evaluate highly aspheric designs when Petzval theory is inapplicable. dc.language.iso en_US en dc.publisher The University of Arizona. en_US dc.rights Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author. en_US dc.subject Asphere en_US dc.subject Field Curvature en_US dc.subject Optical Sciences en_US dc.subject Aberration en_US dc.title Advanced Theory of Field Curvature en_US dc.type text en dc.type Electronic Dissertation en thesis.degree.grantor University of Arizona en_US thesis.degree.level doctoral en_US dc.contributor.committeemember Sasian, Jose M. en_US dc.contributor.committeemember Liang, Rongguang en_US dc.contributor.committeemember Schwiegerling, James en_US dc.description.release Release 13-Feb-2015 en_US thesis.degree.discipline Graduate College en_US thesis.degree.discipline Optical Sciences en_US thesis.degree.name Ph.D. en_US refterms.dateFOA 2015-02-13T00:00:00Z html.description.abstract Classical field curvature theory emphasizes the Petzval theorem, which models field curvature aberration to the 4th order. However, modern lens designs use aspheric surfaces. These surfaces strongly induce higher order field curvature aberration which is not accounted for Petzval field curvature. This dissertation focuses on developing higher order field curvature theories that are applied to highly aspheric designs. Three new theories to control field curvature aberration are discussed. Theory 1: an aspheric surface that is close to the image and has two aspheric terms sharply reduces field curvature by 85%. Theory 2: an aspheric surface that is farther from the image plane induces astigmatism to balance Petzval field curvature. Theory 3: oblique spherical aberration can be induced to balance Petzval field curvature. All three theories are applied to real design examples including the following lenses: cellular phone, wide angle, fast photographic, and zoom lenses. All of the analyses results are consistent with the theories. Moreover, two types of novel aspheric surfaces are proposed to control field curvature. Neither of the surfaces are polynomial-type surfaces. Examples show that the novel aspheric surfaces are equivalent to even aspheric surfaces with two aspheric coefficients in terms of field curvature correction. The study on field curvature correction using aspheric surfaces provides an alternative method to use when aspheres are accessible. Overall, this dissertation advances the theory of field curvature aberration, and it is particularly valuable to evaluate highly aspheric designs when Petzval theory is inapplicable.
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