Developing Educational Material To Promote Awareness Of Nicotine Use As A Significant Risk Factor For Sudden Infant Death Syndrome
Committee ChairPhipps, Lorri
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PublisherThe University of Arizona.
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AbstractIntroduction and Rationale: Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) continues to be the leading cause of death in infants 28 days to 12 months old and the third leading cause of infant mortality (CDC, 2014; Task Force on SIDS, 2011a). SIDS has no identifiable cause although many hypotheses have existed and there are many known risk factors. Nicotine use is the second most modifiable risk factor for SIDS and to date there is no national public education campaign. Formal education is needed. Written education materials, such as brochures, are an effective way to increase knowledge and awareness of a health topic. Purpose and Objective: The purpose of this DNP Project was to create an educational brochure about SIDS and nicotine as a significant modifiable risk factor. The brochure is directed towards pregnant women and women with infants less than 12 months of age. The objective was to educate and inform mothers about SIDS, nicotine and its relation to SIDS, and the importance of abstaining from nicotine during and after pregnancy. Methods: The brochure was created using the Health Belief Model (HBM) as a framework. The HBM was used to explain health behavior modifications and was used as a foundation for education interventions. The model has successfully been applied to explain other preventative health behaviors and provide health education in various contexts. Results: The brochure was evaluated by two subject matter experts who have published peer reviewed articles using the HBM. Both subject matter experts found the HBM applied to the brochure appropriately. In their opinion, the content of the brochure should have positive impact for health modification in women who use nicotine and are pregnant or have a child less than 12 months of age. Conclusions: This DNP Project demonstrated SIDS as a current significant health problem and identified maternal nicotine use as the second most modifiable risk factor. Due to lack of current public education, a brochure was created using the HBM as a framework. Subject matter experts stated the brochure was created based on the HBM and will likely a have positive health influence on the intended population.
Degree ProgramGraduate College