AdvisorNikravesh, Parviz E.
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PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
AbstractTires serve as important components of wheeled vehicles and their analytical modeling has drawn the attention of many researches in the past decades. A high-resolution finite element (FE) tire model contains detailed structural and material characteristics of a tire that exhibit degrees-of-freedom (DoF) in the order of 10⁵ or greater. However, such high-resolution models in their full detail are not practically applicable in multibody dynamic analysis of vehicles and a reduction in their order becomes necessary. In this research different formulations to construct condensed FE tire models suitable for multibody simulations are developed and their characteristics are discussed. In addition, two new and novel forms of substructuring are presented that aim at isolating the contact region of a tire without the need for keeping the boundary DoF which otherwise remain in the reduced system in the standard substructuring procedures. The new substructuring methods provide a great tool in constructing condensed FE tire models with much less total number of DoF compared to cases where a standard substructuring is used. In order to increase the computational efficiency of the condensed FE tire models even further, the possibility of model condensation in the contact region is studied. This research also addresses the applicability of available friction models into the condensed FE tire models. Different formulations of a condensed tire model presented in this research are used to construct several computational models. These models are utilized to simulate certain scenarios and the results are discussed.
Degree ProgramGraduate College