AdvisorChipman, Russell A.
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
AbstractEver since automobiles became affordable for the average American, with the introduction of the Ford Model T in 1908, making driving safer has been a priority. While driver intoxication and distraction are the leading causes of automotive fatalities, poor road conditions increase the frequency and deadliness of these incidents. Monitoring road conditions for thousands of miles of road is a huge undertaking, one too large for human surveillance. Automated systems capable of detecting and reacting to dangerous road conditions would be life-saving. These systems could be mounted to the sides of road and notify an operator of conditions in real-time. Drivers could be warned, action taken, and many lives saved. This thesis investigated the science behind polarimetric road ice detection systems. Laboratory Mueller matrix measurements of a simulated road under differing surface conditions were collected searching for a discriminatory polarization property. These Mueller matrices were decomposed into depolarization, diattenuation, and retardance. Individual sample surface polarization properties were then calculated from these three unique matrices and compared. Simulated road samples were measured under many wavelengths and angles, which gave us a larger data library from which to observe trends. Specular and off-specular reflection responses of each sample were also collected. Four polarization properties stood out for having high separation between dry and iced measurements: Depolarization Index, Linear Diattenuation, Linear Polarizance, and Linear Retardance. Through our investigation polarimetric ice detection is possible. Continued research of the polarization properties of road ice can result in the development of a road ice detection system. Proposed deployment methods of such a system have been outlined following the analysis of the data collected in this experiment. Not only is polarimetric ice detection an exciting and novel use of polarization, it has the potential to improve road safety through real-time ice response measures.
Degree ProgramGraduate College