Psychosocial Stress And Delayed Wound Healing: A Novel Approach To Increase Nursing Awareness And Knowledge
AuthorKnight, Elizabeth Dawn
Keywordsdelayed wound healing
venous leg ulcer
AdvisorMerkle, Carrie J.
Committee ChairMerkle, Carrie J.
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
AbstractBackground: Chronic wounds are a significant health problem in various populations. Psychosocial stress is a lifestyle factor that has been shown to directly influence wound healing. Current findings support roles for assessment and reduction of psychosocial stress in the comprehensive management of chronic wounds, however, a gap remains between current research and current clinical practice. Purpose: To develop a novel method by which to educate nurses about the effects of psychosocial stress on wound healing while incorporating state-of-the-art technology that is sensitive to the needs of individuals with various learning styles. Objectives: To review current literature documenting the relationship between chronic psychosocial distress and delayed wound healing to identify essential content to include in educational modules for nurses. To develop three educational modules for nurses in inpatient and outpatient settings that address the relationship between chronic psychosocial distress and delayed wound healing, and the effects of stress-reduction interventions in formats that meet the needs of different learning styles. To conduct a focus group discussion with nurse-participants regarding educational module content and delivery methods in order to evaluate and improve these educational modules. Methods: A series of literature reviews were performed between June, 2010 and October, 2013, using articles identified through searches using the databases PubMed and CINAHL. Essential content regarding psychosocial stress and its impact on wound healing was identified, and was used in the development of educational modules, designed to meet the basic needs of individuals with different learning styles. A purposive sample of nurses was recruited through the use of flyers, reviewed the educational modules online, and met for a focus group to discuss their experiences with these modules. Outcomes: A novel method was developed by which to deliver educational material to nurses about psychosocial stress and delayed wound healing. Participants were motivated to learn, had self-awareness of their preferred learning styles, and responded positively to this method of education delivery; they were able to articulate the basic concepts presented in the modules. These findings may be generalizable to a larger audience and may inform the development of future education-delivery approaches in this area.
Degree ProgramGraduate College