Geochemistry and structure of tertiary volcanic rocks in the southwestern Monte Cristo Range, Nevada
AuthorHambrick, Dixie Ann
KeywordsGeochemistry -- Nevada -- Coaldale Region.
Geochemistry -- Nevada -- Esmeralda County.
Volcanism -- Nevada -- Coaldale Region.
Volcanism -- Nevada -- Esmeralda County.
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Degree GrantorUniversity of Arizona
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Sample Preparation of Dissolved Organic Carbon in Groundwater for AMS 14C AnalysisBurr, George S.; Thomas, J. M.; Reines, D.; Jeffrey, D.; Courtney, C.; Jull, A. J. Timothy; Lange, Todd (Department of Geosciences, The University of Arizona, 2001-01-01)This study describes a sample preparation technique used to isolate dissolved organic carbon (DOC) in groundwater for radiocarbon analysis using accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS). The goal of the work is to improve our ability to determine groundwater residence times based on 14C measurements of the DOC fraction in groundwater. Water samples were collected from carbonate and volcanic rock aquifers in southern Nevada. Multiple measurements of total dissolved organic carbon (TDOC) in groundwater from one site are used to demonstrate the reproducibility of the analytical procedure. The reproducibility of the method is about one percent (1sigma) for a 0.5 mg sample. The procedural blank for the same size sample contains about 1 percent modern carbon (pMC).
LATE-QUATERNARY ENVIRONMENTS OF THE SIERRA NEVADA, CALIFORNIA.Davis, Owen K.; Anderson, Rodney Scott; Martin, Paul S.; Turner, Raymond M.; Baker, Victor R.; Flessa, Karl W. (The University of Arizona., 1987)The pollen, plant macrofossil and aquatic fossil stratigraphies from a transect of sites in the Sierra Nevada, California, were examined to deduce paleoenvironmental change since the late-Wisconsinan. Fossil pollen samples were compared to modern pollen samples from both sides of the Sierra Nevada crest. Modern samples corresponded largely to modern vegetation units, validating the use of pollen for this purpose in mountainous environments. Vegetation change during the Holocene was largely contemporaneous on both sides of the crest at elevations where lake cores and meadow sections were analysed. Deglaciation occurred by ca. 12,500 yr BP at a site on the east side, and by ca. 11,000 yr BP at a west side site. Prior to ca. 10,000 yr BP, few trees were found around the higher elevation sites. An open forest with trees characteristic of the modern Sierra Montane and Upper Montane forest grew around the mid- to high elevation sites by the early Holocene. Montane chaparral species, such as bush chinquapin, mountain mahogany and probably huckleberry oak, with sagebrush, were most abundant then. Along with lowered lake levels or absence of perennially standing water, and greater affinities to modern pollen samples from the more arid east side, these observations suggest drier conditions than today. However, by ca. 6500-5500 yr BP, effective precipitation increased, as shown by increases in subalpine conifers (mountain hemlock and red fir) and higher lake levels, and less affinities to modern samples from the east side. Modern vegetation developed at most sites within the last 2-3 millenia. Specific changes in the vegetation at this time included a reduction in upper elevational limits of mountain hemlock and red fir, with possible downslope retreat of whitebark pine, indicating greater cooling and/or wetter conditions. This is consistent with the record of wet meadow genesis as well as tree-ring and Neoglacial chronologies.