• A Duel Compression Ethernet Camera Solution for Airborne Applications

      Willis, Stephen; Langer, Bernd; Curtiss-Wright Defense Solutions; Kappa Aptronics (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2014-10)
      Camera technology is now ubiquitous with smartphones, laptops, automotive and industrial applications frequently utilizing high resolution imagine sensors. Increasingly there is a demand for high-definition cameras in the aerospace market - however, such cameras must have several considerations that do not apply to average consumer use including high reliability and being ruggedized for harsh environments. A significant issue is managing the large volumes of data that one or more HD cameras produce. One method of addressing this issue is to use compression algorithms that reduce video bandwidth. This can be achieved with dedicated compression units or modules within data acquisition systems. For flight test applications it is important that data from cameras is available for telemetry and coherently synchronized while also being available for storage. Ideally the data in the telemetry steam should be highly compressed to preserve downlink bandwidth while the recorded data is lightly compressed to provide maximum quality for onboard/ post flight analysis. This paper discusses the requirements for airborne applications and presents an innovative solution using Ethernet cameras with integrated compression that outputs two steams of data. This removes the need for dedicated video and compression units while offering all the features of such including switching camera sources and optimized video streams.