• Martian and Lunar Science with Remotely-Controlled Long-Range Surface Vehicles

      Jaffe, Leonard D.; Choate, Raoul; California Institute of Technology; TRW Systems Group (International Foundation for Telemetering, 1974-10)
      Science objectives are outlined for long surface traverse missions on Mars and the moon, with remotely-controlled roving vehicles. Series of candidate rover science payloads are proposed, varying in purpose, development needed, cost, and weight (35 to almost 300 kg). A high degree of internal control will be needed on the Mars rover, including the ability to carry out complex science sequences. Decision-making by humans in the Mars mission includes supervisory control of rover operations and selection of features and samples of geological and biological interest. For the lunar mission, less control on the rover and more on earth is appropriate. Operational problem areas for Mars include control, communications, data storage, night operations, and the mission operations system. For the moon, science data storage on the rover would be unnecessary and control much simpler.