• SPACE SHUTTLE COMMUNICATIONS AND TELEMETRYAN INTRODUCTION WITH FLIGHT RESULTS

      Hoagland, J.C.; Rockwell International (International Foundation for Telemetering, 1982-09)
      During operational space flight, the communications and telemetry subsystem of the Space Shuttle orbiter uses S-band and Ku-band links to provide, in addition to tracking, reception of digitized-voice, commands, and printed or diagrammatic data at a maximum rate of 216 kilobits per second (kbps). The subsystem also provides a transmission capability for digitized voice, telemetry, television, and data at a maximum rate of 50 megabits per second (mbps). S-band links may be established directly with a ground station and both S-band and Ku-band links may be routed through The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) tracking and data relay satellite system (TDRSS). A simultaneous capability to communicate with other satellites or spacecraft, using a variety of formats and modulation techniques on more than 850 S-band channels, is provided. Ultra-high frequency (UHF) is used for communication with extravehicular astronauts as well as for a backup subsystem for state vector update. Audio and television subsystems serve on-board needs as well as interfacing with the radio frequency (RF) equipment. During aerodynamic flight following entry, the S-band link can be supplemented or replaced by a UHF link that provides two-way simplex voice communication with air traffic control facilities.
    • THE TAPE RECORDER SHUTDOWN ALARM

      Hahn, Jacob C.; Rockwell International (International Foundation for Telemetering, 1982-09)
      Data from the Space Shuttle is recorded on magnetic tape during manufacture, during pre-flight tests and during flight. Thus a permanent record is obtained for all tests. When a tape recorder suddenly stops before the end of its run, some data will not be recorded. Tape recorders run silently and make no sound when they stop. A tape recorder that is not running is easily observed, but constant visual monitoring is impractical. Yet it is important that personnel become aware of the problem at once. An audio alarm that sounds when a tape recorder stops before the end of its run will alert personnel. An alarm in use at Rockwell’s Flight Systems Laboratories not only sounds when a tape recorder stops before it is supposed to, but it turns on a standby recorder in less than two seconds.
    • UPLINK COMMAND STRUCTURE WITHIN THE SPACE SHUTTLE ORBITER

      Lasken, Walter W.; Rockwell International (International Foundation for Telemetering, 1982-09)
      This paper presents an overview of the various types of uplink commands available for attached or detached payloads and discusses in detail the manner in which the Space Shuttle orbiter common set and stand-alone computers accept and process these commands. Command and data processing within the orbiter systems during ascent and on-orbit operation are also discussed. The uplink command formats, as they relate to the data processing system, are presented in some detail.