• Generic Telemetry Processing: Theory vs. Application

      Pettit, Richard L., Jr.; Telos, Inc.; Jet Propulsion Laboratory/California Institute of Technology (International Foundation for Telemetering, 1988-10)
      The Space Flight Operations Center (SFOC) is a generic suite of ground data systems software. One main subsystem of SFOC is the Telemetry Input Subsystem (TIS). Utilizing techniques for the abstract representation of data, the TIS has provided a flexible software base that can be used as a baseline for multiple spacecraft missions.
    • GPS: The Versatile Tool for Range Instrumentation

      Hoefener, Carl; Richardson, William; Interstate Electronics Corporation (International Foundation for Telemetering, 1988-10)
      The Global Positioning System (GPS) has made significant contributions in range instrumentation. It was the prime tracking method for both realtime range safety and metric tracking for the Trident II. Because of its many advantages, GPS will become the primary source of time, space, and position information (TSPI) on the ranges. Many activities requiring precision TSPI have already committed to GPS and others are planning on the application of GPS in the future for use on the ranges. GPS is also an extremely accurate time source, with timing accuracies of 10 nanoseconds obtainable worldwide. The range interoperability problem is solvable through the use of GPS as the TSPI source. There is little doubt that GPS will become the standard TSPI source for all test and training ranges.
    • A High Data Rate Airborne Rotary Recorder with Long Record Time

      Leung, Victor; DATATAPE Incorporated (International Foundation for Telemetering, 1988-10)
      Application of instrumentation recorders for data acquisition in hostile environments has for years been accomplished by means of longitudinal recorders specially designed for that application. DATATAPE Incorporated has been the leader in providing such recorders beginning with its MARS series. Two recent trends have impacted the applicability of these machines: the need for record times longer than can be provided by the longitudinal machines and the trend in the instrumentation industry to utilize digital recording techniques.
    • High Performance, Real-Time, Parallel Processing Telemetry System

      Powell, Richard L.; Williamson, Gale L.; Razavian, Farhand; Friedman, Paul J.; Loral Instrumentation (International Foundation for Telemetering, 1988-10)
      Flight test and signal and image processing systems have shown an increasingly voracious appetite for computer resources. Previous solutions employed special-purpose, bit-sliced technology to supplant costly general purpose computers. Although the hardware is less expensive and the throughput greater, the expense to develop or modify applications is very high. Recent parallel processor technology has increased capabilities, but the high applications development cost remains. Input/output (I/O) such as intermediate mass storage and display has been limited to transfer to general purpose or attached I/O computers. The PRO 550 Processing and Storage Subsystem of the System 500 was developed to provide linearly expandable, programmable real-time processing and an interface to distributed data acquisition subsystems. Each data acquisition subsystem can acquire data from multiple telemetry and other real-time sources. Processing resources are provided by one or more 8 MIPS (20 MFLOPS peak) processor modules, which utilize an array of predefined algorithms, algorithms specified by algebraic notation, or developed via high level languages (C and Fortran). Setup and program development occur on an external, general purpose color graphics workstation that is connected to the subsystem via an Ethernet network for command, control, and resultant data display. High-performance peripherals and processors communicate with each other via a 16-MHz broadcast bus, the MUXbus II, where any or all devices can acquire data elements called tokens. A token is a single MUXbus II word of 32 bits of data and a 16-bit tag to identify the word uniquely to the acquiring modules. The output of each device to the bus can be one or more tokens, but each device captures the bus to insert a single token. This ensures all devices receive equal priority and the MUXbus II is maximally utilized. This multiple instruction, multiple data (MIMD) architecture automatically schedules and routes data to processors or to I/O modules without control processor overhead. Traditional peripherals and administrative functions utilize the second subsystem bus, which is a traditional VMEbus. It controls the high performance devices while permitting the utilization of standard off-the-shelf controllers (e.g., magnetic tape, Ethernet, and bus controllers) for less demanding I/O tasks. A dedicated Bridge Module is the gateway for moving data between bus domains.
    • High Shock, Wideband, Miniature, Air Borne FM/FM Telemetry System

      Maoz, Michael; Svensson, Ake; Aydin Vector Division; Saab Missiles AB (International Foundation for Telemetering, 1988-10)
      Aydin Vector Division has received an order from Saab Missiles AB, Sweden, to develop an airborne, high shock, wideband FM/FM telemetry system. During 1985 (within a period of eight months) three such systems (FMT-780) were built and shipped to customer after successful testing in the plant. The testing included acceptance and qualification. Later on, the three systems were exposed to high shock testing/firing in Sweden. This paper describes the specifications of the system, the design approach that was used in order to meet these specifications, the systems conceptual mechanical and electrical structure, the packaging technique and some of the test results. As a result of the success of the program, Saab Missiles AB, awarded Aydin Vector Division with an additional order for sixteen, computer based, specially designed, miniature PCM/FM airborne telemetry systems. A paper describing these systems and the overall program is going to be published within the next two years.
    • High Speed Data Acquisition Systems

      Talmadge, Richard D.; Radmand, Mansour; Wright-Patterson Air Force Base; Aydin Vector Division (International Foundation for Telemetering, 1988-10)
      Air Force systems testing today requires that more and more data be acquired to a higher degree of accuracy and in fewer flights. This necessitates a new approach to dynamic data acquisition system design. In the past data acquisition organizations used either direct or FM recording techniques of one sort or another to acquire data for post test processing. This paper will outline the direction that this organization is taking to reduce the size of the installed system as well as the time and money required to maintain the system during the testing process. The system discussed provides a capability to acquire both static (DC) data and dynamic data up to 10,000 Hertz and has a dynamic range in excess of 120 dB.
    • High Speed Synchronizer Card Utilizing VLSI Technology

      Speciale, Nicholas; Wunderlich, Kristin; NASA, Goddard Space Flight Center (International Foundation for Telemetering, 1988-10)
      A high speed Synchronizer Card utilizing semi-custom and custom very large scale integration (VLSI) devices, microprocessor control, and programmable logic has been designed to provide a generic NASA Communication (NASCOM) block processing and telemetry frame synchronization function for present missions and Space Station era telemetry data streams at data rates up to 25 Mbps. The Synchronizer Card utilizes four distinct sets of VLSI semi-custom and custom chips to shrink all of the functions required for NASCOM block processing, telemetry frame synchronization, real time quality trailer appendage and cumulative quality statistic generation into a single Synchronizer card. This paper will describe the functions performed by the Synchronizer Card and each individual set of chips.
    • An Intelligent Digital Phase-Locked Loop with Integral Gain Control, Signal Quality and Lock Detection

      Melester, M. T.; Geoghegan, M. S.; Electrospace Systems, Inc. (International Foundation for Telemetering, 1988-10)
      An intelligent digital phase-locked loop with integral automatic gain control, signal quality and lock detection suitable for implementation using current digital signal processing devices is presented. By exploiting information derived from these functions operating in unison, it is possible to realize improved performance in an adverse environment where fading or abrupt signal outages are encountered. The system described consists of several functions operating under the direction of a stored program. The state diagram model of the program is discussed along with design considerations for the system elements. Various aspects of the system are simulated in the presence of noise and signal outage and compared to the performance of a conventional phase-locked loop.
    • International Telemetering Conference Proceedings, Volume 24 (1988)

      International Foundation for Telemetering, 1988-10
    • The IPTN's Airborne Data Relay System (ADReS): A System Concept and the Phase One System Configuration

      Soelaiman, Adi Dharma; Roesma, Fauzi Effendy; Indonesian Aircraft Industry Ltd. (International Foundation for Telemetering, 1988-10)
      By making use of NC212-200 commuter aircraft as an airborne container, the ADReS, a short for airborne data relay system, had been configured and tested in an experimental status during the year of 1987. A kind of test on EMC, EMI, RFI and telemetry data link were applied to the system. Prior to the IPTN's flight test program in the year of 1988 - 1992, the ADReS is designed not only to receive and to relay the data, but also planed to be able to process the data for quick data analysis purposes on board. This paper describes the ADReS system concept and its experimental status system - the Phase One system configuration.
    • Mass Memory Reliability Evaluation for On-Board Data Recording Applications

      Goodwin, Paul F.; Capots, Larry H.; Austin, Howard R.; Fairchild Space Company (International Foundation for Telemetering, 1988-10)
      When properly implemented, solid state memory technology can result in mass data storage products with very large mean time to failure (MTTF). Fairchild Space Company has developed a memory architecture for their Solid State Recorder (SSR), which optimizes solid state performance in terms of survival probability (> 10 years), speed (~ 140 Mbps), size, weight and power compared to market alternatives such as magnetic tape, magnetic disc, magnetic bubble and optical disc. The basis for the memory design was an in depth investigation of the survival probability of very large quantities of interconnected memory devices.
    • MMTS: Multi-Vehicle Metric & Telemetry System

      Aspnes, Richard K.; Yuma, Russell J.; Control Data Corporation (International Foundation for Telemetering, 1988-10)
      The Multi-Vehicle Metric & Telemetry System (MMTS) is a complete range system which performs real-time tracking, command destruct, and telemetry processing functions for support of range safety and the test and evaluation of airborne vehicles. As currently configured, the MMTS consists of five hardware and software subsystems with the capability to receive, process, and display tracking data from up to ten range sensors and telemetry data from two instrumented vehicles. During a range operation, the MMTS is employed to collect, process, and display tracking and telemetry data. The instrumentation sites designated for operational support acquire tracking and telemetered data and transmit these data to the MMTS. The raw data is then identified, formatted, time tagged, recorded, processed, and routed for display to mission control and telemetry display areas. Additionally, processed tracking data is transmitted back to instrumentation sites as an aid to acquire or maintain vehicle track. The mission control area consists of a control and status console, high resolution color graphics stations, and large screen displays. As the mission controller observes mission progress on the graphics stations operational decisions can be made and invoked by activation of the appropriate console controls. Visual alarms provided my MMTS will alert mission control personnel of hazardous conditions posed by any tracked vehicle. Manual action can then be taken to activate transmission of the MMTS vehicle destruct signal. The telemetry display area consists of ten fully-functional, PC compatible computers which are switchable to either of two telemetry front end processors. Each PC can be independently set up by telemetry analysts to display data of interest. A total of thirty data pages per PC can be defined and any defined data page can be activated during a mission. A unique feature of the MMTS is that telemetry data can be combined with tracking data for use by the range safety functions.
    • Modem Simulations for Possible Use in Space Station

      Horan, Stephen; New Mexico State University (International Foundation for Telemetering, 1988-10)
      Two candidate modem structures for use in the Space Station Multiple Access Communications System were simulated using a software simulation package to obtain symbol error rate curves. These systems represent an evolutionary QPSK through 8-PSK modulation format for the input data streams. It was found through the simulations that the use of phase-staggered QPSK modems would give lower expected implementation loss than a modem based upon the Polarity Costas Loop method. However, the latter would represent a simpler hardware investment to realize the modem structure for both QPSK and 8-PSK.
    • NASA-GSFC Research Developments Evolve into HRSO Satellite Concepts

      Hilliard, Lawrence M.; NASA-GSFC (International Foundation for Telemetering, 1988-10)
      Shaped omni and modular array antenna concepts are being baselined for use on operations with the NASA Space Network and the High Resolution Solar Observatory (HRSO) Satellite Free Flyer Concept. This mission requires 16 MBPS return links, 1 KBPS multiple access links, and a completely redundant set of gimballed antennas to support these links with 90% continuous coverage from TDRSS (Tracking and Data Relay Satellite System). This presentation will discuss in detail how the flexibility of these components enabled mission planners to tradeoff spacecraft options without sacrificing mission objectives.
    • The Need for Standardized Performance Characteristics for Digital Strip Chart Recorders

      Smith, Grant M.; Gaskill, Dave; Astro-Med, Inc. (International Foundation for Telemetering, 1988-10)
      Digital-based linear-array chart recorders are replacing conventional stylus recorders in telemetry data stations everywhere. They offer advantages in virtually all respects, and are becoming indispensable. But because of the completely different writing method and technology employed, it is difficult to make completely analogous performance comparisons between analog and digital chart recorders. This has led to some confusion when replacing aging stylus recorders is contemplated. Objectives: Establish a set of universal, standardized performance characteristics for digital chart recorders. Introduce appropriate terminology, allowing valid, repeatable comparison of old and new systems.
    • A New Microcomputer-Based Reel Servo System in the Instrumentation Magnetic Recorder

      Rui, Xiong; Yunxiang, Shao; Beijing Research Institute of Telemetry (International Foundation for Telemetering, 1988-10)
      This paper describes the design of a adaptive microcomputer-based reel servo system in the instrumentation magnetic recorder. When the reel parameters and load characteristics might vary during recording, the newly designed adaptive reel servo system is capable of compensating for these variations. The new reel servo system consists of a single-board microcomputer (QJ-80) and two D.C. motor actuators. A model reference adaptive control was chosen as the basis for adaptive reel controller design. The experiment results show that the new microcomputer-based reel servo system effectively eliminates the affect of the parameter variations. The performance of the whole transport system is improved therely.
    • A New Multi-Mission Data System for Space Flight Support Through the 1990's

      Gainsborough, A. J.; California Institute of Technology (International Foundation for Telemetering, 1988-10)
      Individual data systems for flight projects at JPL are in the process of being replaced by the single new Space Flight Operations Center (SFOC) that is designed to support multiple missions. The design provides a baseline system that supplies a common set of functions needed by every mission. Low cost adaptations of the baseline with any needed missionspecific additions are made for each mission. The SFOC is being developed in phases. The current phase provides baseline functions for downlink spacecraft telemetry processing with the necessary adaptations and additions for the downlink launch support in April 1989 of the Magellan mission to Venus. The SFOC will be completed in 1991, at which time the planned support includes both downlink and uplink processing for a projected six mission set.
    • A New S-Band FM Telemetry Transmitter

      Fengden, Lou; Beijing Research Institute of Telemetry (International Foundation for Telemetering, 1988-10)
      This paper describes the design, test and the analysis of the test results of a new type S-band FM telemetry transmitter. Compared with the modulator adopting conventional fundamental crystal direct modulation, the transmitter which adopts UHF fundamental crystal direct modulation has a comparatively better modulation characteristics and a higher center frequency stability. The test results show that the deviation sensitivity of the transmitter is up to 400KHz/Vrms, frequency response is DC~200 KHz, total harmonic distortion is 3% and the center frequency stability is ten to the minus fifth power within the range of - 30~+70°c. Because of the high operating frequency of the modulator, the complicacy of the frequency multiplier has been requced, design of circuitry simplified and harmonic and spurious outputs has been improved to a great extent.
    • Off-Loading the Host Computer Through Flexible DMA Interface

      Nicolo, Stephen J.; Aydin Monitor Systems (International Foundation for Telemetering, 1988-10)
      As data rates and system throughput requirements continue to increase, more and more attention must be given to ways of off-loading the host computer by shifting tasks to the front-end preprocessing subsystem. In addition to some of the more common tasks like data compression and EU conversion already performed in the front end, there is the time consuming task of organizing telemetry data. Once relieved from this secondary task the host can solely attend to its primary task of application processing. This paper describes an intelligent DMA interface (CPI007) which permits the automatic building of various types of array buffers in the host computer. This flexible high-speed device uses an EPROM based, bit slice microengine utilizing parameters stored in its operational store RAM during setup to build the array buffers. The interface is implemented on a single module in the front-end preprocessing subsystem and was developed for those mainframe computers that can be configured to accept address/data inputs for DMA to system memory (e.g. Gould Sel, DEC). With this type of architecture, algorithms may easily be written to accommodate a wide variety of data organization and transfer requirements. Along with the technical description of this device, actual data array buffering problems and solutions will also be addressed in this paper.
    • Onboard 1553 MUX Bus Recording Techniques

      Kirkpatrick, Charles R.; McDonnell Douglas Helicopter Company (International Foundation for Telemetering, 1988-10)
      This paper presents a general overview concerning McDonnell Douglas Helicopter Company's experience with the recording of Mil-Std-1553A/B MUX Bus traffic. There are several interesting aspects to this general overview. Included in this paper is a historical development review, a chronological development outline, general methodology involved, past and present application details, and speculation about future application possibilities. The historical background of the Company's 1553 MUX Bus recording efforts are traced - from our earliest involvement up to our current status. Several significant developments have led up to, and contributed to, the present level of experience with 1553 MUX Bus recording technology. A chronological list of important related events is also presented to complement this historical review (See Appendix A). Examples of McDonnell Douglas' applications of 1553 MUX bus recording are highlighted. Several examples are discussed from different related projects. A general overview is presented with regard to methods used by the Company to record 1553 MUX bus traffic. Several projects undertaken have involved new hardware/software development as a result of 1553 MUX bus recording efforts. Mention is also made of the Programmable MUX Bus Monitor - one of the most recent applications of this technology by McDonnell Douglas Helicopter Company. Rounding out this paper is some speculation about the future use considerations for this technology. The Company's experience with 1553 MUX bus recording was initially developed as a result of association with the Higher Harmonic Control aircraft and the AH-64 Apache Helicopter programs. However, once some of the basic techniques were established, and the technology was refined and improved, expansion into other unrelated or indirectly related (to the Apache) project types occurred.