Osborne, William P.; Whiteman, Don; Ara, Sharmin; New Mexico State University (International Foundation for Telemetering, 1993-10)
      Much modem telemetry is transmitted in a digital format and to be compatible with existing range equipment the digital data is impressed on the carrier using FM modulation. The receiving system in common use employs an FM limiter/discriminator as a detector followed by an integrate and dump matched filter for bit detection. This system has been studied by previous authors [1] and it is well known that in the absence of frequency uncertainty the optimum transmission parameters consist of a modulation index of .7 (peak-to-peak deviation divided by the bit rate) and an IF filter bandwidth equal to the bit rate followed by a limiter discriminator. In many cases, there is a need for some small amount of analog telemetry transmission in addition to the digital data discussed above. In these cases it is common practice to include analog subcarriers on the main carrier with the digital data modulating the carrier at baseband, the resulting system is called PCM/FM + FM/FM. These hybrid analog/digital systems are the subject of this paper. In particular this paper addresses the performance of these systems through simulation using the Block Oriented System Simulator (BOSS) from Comdisco and with analytical techniques to obtain the BER versus SNR curves for these systems. The simulation is used over a wide range of parameters to find the optimum values of modulation index and IF bandwidth for these systems.
    • PCM/FM+FM/FM Bit Error Rate Determination by Modeling and Simulation

      Carden, Frank F.; Ara, Sharmin; New Mexico State University (International Foundation for Telemetering, 1993-10)
      A composite PCM/FM+FM/FM system combines the spectral efficiency of the analog system with the accuracy of a PCM system when needed for specific sensors and allows the direct transmission of binary computer words if necessary. A PCM/FM+FM/FM system combines the bit sequence with the modulated subcarriers at baseband and the resultant modulates the carrier. In the design of the composite system it is of importance to determine the impact of the subcarriers on the bit error rate of the bit sequence and to determine the degradation of the output signal-to-noise ratio of the subcarrier channels caused by the bit sequence.