• DATA COMPRESSION SYSTEM FOR VIDEO IMAGES

      RAJYALAKSHMI, P.S.; RAJANGAM, R.K.; ISRO SATELLITE CENTRE (International Foundation for Telemetering, 1986-10)
      In most transmission channels, bandwidth is at a premium and an important attribute of any good digital signalling scheme is to optimally utilise the bandwidth for transmitting the information. The Data Compression System in this way plays a significant role in the transmission of picture data from any Remote Sensing Satellite by exploiting the statistical properties of the imagery. The data rate required for transmission to ground can be reduced by using suitable compression technique. A data compression algorithm has been developed for processing the images of Indian Remote Sensing Satellite. Sample LANDSAT imagery and also a reference photo are used for evaluating the performance of the system. The reconstructed images are obtained after compression for 1.5 bits per pixel and 2 bits per pixel as against the original of 7 bits per pixel. The technique used is uni-dimensional Hadamard Transform Technique. The Histograms are computed for various pictures which are used as samples. This paper describes the development of such a hardware and software system and also indicates how hardware can be adopted for a two dimensional Hadamard Transform Technique.
    • FLIGHT INSTRUMENTATION TELEMETRY FOR AEROSPACE APPLICATION

      RAJYALAKSHMI, P. S.; RAJANGAM, R. K.; ISRO SATELLITE CENTRE (International Foundation for Telemetering, 1986-10)
      In Aerospace missions it is often required to have a flexible telemetry system for carrying out flight test on aircraft, in which the bit rate, sampling rate and the number of channels can be programmed. This enables the pilot of the aircraft to reconfigure the telemetry system to suit any particular test missions. An L-Band PCM/FM Telemetry System containing a Stored Programme Multiplexer, 12 bit ADC and other digital interfaces for carrying out the measurements on Speed, Events, etc has been developed as a flight instrumentation telemetry for HAL, India. This paper not only presents complete details of the system, which was qualified to meet MIL-5422 levels but also the performance of the system during actual aircraft missions.