• Compression Methods for Instrumentation Video

      Whiteman, Don; Glen, Greg; Naval Air Warfare Center Weapons Division (International Foundation for Telemetering, 1995-11)
      Video compression is typically required to solve the bandwidth problems related to the transmission of instrumentation video. The use of color systems typically results in bandwidth requirements beyond the capabilities of current receiving and recording equipment. The HORACE specification, IRIG-210, was introduced as an attempt to provide standardization between government test ranges. The specification provides for video compression in order to alleviate the bandwidth problems associated with instrumentation video and is intended to assure compatibility, data quality, and performance of instrumentation video systems. This paper provides an overview of compression methods available for instrumentation video and summarizes the benefits of each method and the problems associated with different compression methods when utilized for instrumentation video. The affects of increased data link bit error rates are also discussed for each compression method. This paper also includes a synopsis of the current HORACE specification, a proposed Vector HORACE specification for color images and hardware being developed to meet both specifications.
    • High-Speed Photography Using Television Techniques

      Glen, Gregory D.; Naval Air Warfare Center Weapons Division (International Foundation for Telemetering, 1995-11)
      There are many applications for High-speed photography, and most rely on film as the primary medium of data acquisition. One such application of interest to the military services is the study of stores separation from aircraft. This type of testing has traditionally used high-speed film to gather data, however, there are many disadvantages to using film, such as the high cost of raw film, as well as the high processing expense after it has been exposed. In addition, there is no way to review data from film until it has been processed, nor is there any way to preview in real-time other conditions such as lighting which may affect the outcome of a test event. This paper discusses the characteristics of television systems with respect to motion picture systems, the challenges of recording and transmitting pictures, as well as the nature of what the first and eventual desired systems might be.