• AERONAUTICAL TELEMETRY FADING SOURCES AT TEST RANGES

      Rice, Michael; Law, Eugene; Brigham Young University; NAWCWPNS (International Foundation for Telemetering, 1997-10)
      This paper describes the two main causes of fading encountered at test ranges. The first cause of fading results from nulls in the transmit antenna gain pattern. Variations in the received signal level are a result of changes in the gain pattern as the spatial relationship between transmitter and receiver change. The second cause of fading is due to multipath interference. This occurs when multiple copies of the transmitted signal with different delays arrive at the receiver and are phased relative to each other so that destructive interference occurs.
    • FQPSK VERSUS PCM/FM FOR AERONAUTICAL TELEMETRY APPLICATIONS; SPECTRAL OCCUPANCY AND BIT ERROR PROBABILITY COMPARISONS

      Law, Eugene; Feher, Kamilo; NAWCWPNS; University of California, Davis; Digcom, Inc. (International Foundation for Telemetering, 1997-10)
      The aeronautical telemetry community is investigating alternative modulation methods to the commonly used non-return-to-zero (NRZ) pulse code modulation (PCM)/frequency modulation (FM). This paper outlines the important characteristics being investigated. Measured data comparing the spectral occupancy and bit error probability (BEP) performance of PCM/FM with that of a prototype constant envelope Feher’s quadrature phase shift keying (FQPSK) modulator and demodulator will also be presented. Measured results in several radio frequency bands demonstrate that the 99.99% and -60 dBc bandwidths of filtered FQPSK are only approximately one-half of the corresponding bandwidths of optimized PCM/FM even when the signal is non-linearly amplified. The signal energy per bit to noise power spectral density (E /N ) required for a BEP of 1×10 b 0 -5 for non-optimized FQPSK was approximately 12 dB which is approximately the same as limiter discriminator detected PCM/FM.