Gurr, J. Richard; Auvil, Anthony; Rizzo, Jim; Edwards Air Force Base (International Foundation for Telemetering, 1998-10)
      Reduction in available radio frequency (RF) spectrum for use in aircraft testing has steadily increased the probability of interference. The increase in users and required bandwidth generates requirements for increased monitoring and active management of the RF spectrum. The detection of background RF emissions and monitoring of authorized users will be used by future range test engineers to make decisions on when and where to conduct test missions to minimize the probability of interference. The detection of authorized users exceeding their allotted RF spectrum as well as unknown emitters should include: the general geographic area of potential interference, and times of transmission. This paper outlines the development of a complete system for wide-band RF monitoring to identify and locate active emissions. The RF surveillance system proposed must be inexpensive, easy to maintain, support large area coverage, and monitor wide bandwidths at long range. The system should contain software for emitter identification, which will determine where the current background and authorized RF transmissions occur and how they might effect authorized transmissions, and specialized software to alert spectrum managers of potential interference scenarios in real time based upon the daily schedule.

      Mackall, Dale A.; Sakahara, Robert; Kremer, Steven E.; National Aeronautics and Space Administration; Edwards Air Force Base (International Foundation for Telemetering, 1998-10)
      Development of an extended test range, with range instrumentation providing continuous vehicle communications, is required to flight-test the X-33, a scaled version of a reusable launch vehicle. The extended test range provides vehicle communications coverage from California to landing at Montana or Utah. This paper provides an overview of the approaches used to meet X-33 program requirements, including using multiple ground stations, and methods to reduce problems caused by reentry plasma radio frequency blackout. The advances used to develop the extended test range show other hypersonic and access-to-space programs can benefit from the development of the extended test range.

      Sharma, Ashley; National Aeronautics and Space Administration (International Foundation for Telemetering, 1998-10)
      In support of the X-33 single-stage-to-orbit program, NASA Dryden Flight Research Center was selected to provide continuous range communications of the X-33 vehicle from launch at Edwards Air Force Base, California, through landing at Malmstrom Air Force Base, Montana, or at Michael Army Air Field, Utah. An extensive real-time range simulation capability is being developed to ensure successful communications with the autonomous X-33 vehicle. This paper provides an overview of the various levels of simulation, integration, and test being developed to support the X-33 extended range subsystems. These subsystems include the flight termination system, L-band command uplink subsystem, and S-band telemetry downlink subsystem.

      Burkes, Darryl A.; Air Force Flight Test Center (International Foundation for Telemetering, 1998-10)
      The X-33 program requires the use of multiple telemetry ground stations to provide continuous coverage of the launch, ascent, re-entry and approach phases for flights from Edwards AFB, California, to landings at Dugway Proving Grounds, Utah, and Malmstrom AFB, Montana. This paper will discuss the X-33 telemetry requirements and design, including information on the fixed and mobile telemetry systems, automated best source selection system, processing/display support for range safety officers (RSO) and range engineers, and comparison of real-time data with simulated data using the Dynamic Ground Station Analysis model. Due to the use of multiple ground stations and short duration flights, the goal throughout the X-33 missions is to automatically provide the best telemetry source for critical vehicle performance monitoring. The X-33 program was initiated by National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Cooperative Agreement No. NCC8-115 with Lockheed Martin Skunk Works (LMSW).