• RESOURCE ALLOCATION IN SENSOR NETWORKS USING DISTRIBUTED CONSTRAINT OPTIMIZATION

      Marefat, Michael; Reagan, John; Chachra, Sumit; Elhourani, Theodore; The University of Arizona (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2004-10)
      Several algorithms have been proposed for solving constraint satisfaction and the more general constraint optimization problem in a distributed manner. In this paper we apply two such algorithms to the task of dynamic resource allocation in the sensor network domain using appropriate abstractions. The aim is to effectively track multiple targets by making the sensors coordinate with each other in a distributed manner, given a probabilistic representation of tasks (targets). We present simulation results and compare the performance of the DBA and DSA algorithms under varying experimental settings.
    • MAINTAINING SIGNAL FIDELITY WHILE USING A PACKETIZED TRANSPORT SYSTEM

      Hankey, Robert L.; Krasinski, Kevin; Apogee Labs, Inc. (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2004-10)
      Packetizing data for transport over a networked system corrupts embedded information such as absolute and relative timing from the data. Without this information, it is difficult to reproduce the data with its original timing restored. Absolute timing is the time between data points within a given channel of data. Relative timing is the time relationship between data points from two or more channels of data. Having this restored timing allows the use of existing equipment for analysis and eliminates the need for expensive custom designed equipment to analyze the recovered data. Using a packetizing solution that transports information about the data stream and transport packets that are broken up by system wide timing allows us to accomplish this.
    • THE TIMELINESS OF ASYNCHRONOUS PACKET MULTIPLEXING IN SWITCHED ETHERNET

      Qiao, Li; XiaoLin, Zhang; Huagang, Xiong; Yuxia, Fei; Beijing University of Aeronautics & Astronautics (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2004-10)
      Powered by single-segment switched interconnection, Ethernet can be used in time-critical data acquisition applications. Unlike synchronous time division multiple access, asynchronous packet streams result in congestions and uncertain multiplexing delays. With the delay analysis in the worst case and probabilistic guaranteeing conditions, we restrict the packet-sizes, intervals or traffic burstiness a priori to regulate delay deviations within acceptable scales. Some methods of combinatorics and stochastic theory, e.g. Cumulant Generating Function and the Large Deviation Principle, are used and verified by some simulation-based computations. The influence of time varying delay for telemetry applications is also discussed in some sense.
    • THE APPLICATION OF DIGITAL DEMODULATION TECHNIQUE FOR FREQUENCY MODULATION SIGNAL IN TELEMETRY RECEIVER

      Peng, Song; XiaoLin, Zhang; Xue, Cao; Xia, Qi; North China University of Technology; Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics; China Luoyang Optoelectro Technology Development Center (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2004-10)
      Combined with an example of digital telemetry receiver design, this paper mainly discusses the application of software radio in telemetry receiver. The paper begins with an introduction of applying high efficiency digital filter and math analysis in quadrature digital frequency modulation and demodulation to digital frequency conversion technique. Next, Simulink/Matlab is used to simulate digital telemetry receiver. The method of simulation, analysis and calculation of performance and result of simulation are all available. In the end, the paper discusses digital telemetry receiver design and implement by making use of software radio technique, the circuits apply HSP50214 chip of Intersil Co., CPLD implements of Altera Co. and PC Bus. The sample is an expansion card for personal computer. Result of test, performance of the receiver and conclusion are given out, which show fine performance of receiver and can be apply to practice. The lever of this technology has reached first class in the world.
    • A GRAPHICAL USER INTERFACE MIMO CHANNEL SIMULATOR

      Panagos, Adam G.; Kosbar, Kurt; University of Missouri – Rolla (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2004-10)
      Multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) communication systems are attracting attention because their channel capacity can exceed single-input single-output systems, with no increase in bandwidth. While MIMO systems offer substantial capacity improvements, it can be challenging to characterize and verify their channel models. This paper describes a software MIMO channel simulator with a graphical user interface that allows the user to easily investigate a number of MIMO channel characteristics for a channel recently proposed by the 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP).
    • JOINT RANGE SYSTEMS INTEROPERABILITY ACHIEVED THROUGH THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE TEST AND TRAINING ENABLING ARCHITECTURE (TENA)

      Hudgins, B. Gene; Lucas, Jason; TENA; Eglin Air Force Base (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2004-10)
      The Foundation Initiative 2010 (FI 2010) project, sponsored by the Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD) Central Test and Evaluation Investment Program (CTEIP), has developed and is continuing to refine a common architecture and requisite software used to integrate testing, training, and simulation systems distributed across many DoD test and training range facilities. The Test and Training Enabling Architecture (TENA), has been successfully implemented on DoD and commercial range instrumentation systems, used as a reusable enabler of distributed, live United States Joint Forces Command (USJFCOM) and Joint National Training Capability (JNTC) exercises.
    • DYNAMIC TRACKING PHASED ARRAY DATA LINKS

      Brown, K. D.; Allen, Chris; NNSA-KCP; University of Kansas (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2004-10)
      This paper describes a flexible telemetry data link developed by National Nuclear Safety Administration’s Kansas City Plant (NNSA-KCP) and the University of Kansas (KU) in support of NNSA’s Remote Sensing Laboratory (NNSA-RSL) located at the Nevada Test Site. This data link is based on a beam steerable phased array antenna (PAA). The paper describes the PAA and the Airborne Measurement System (AMS) application requiring signal source tracking. It highlights flight test data collected during recent flight testing on the Nevada Test Site for the AMS.
    • Telemetry Best Source Selection at White Sands Missile Range

      Engler, Richard (Ray); Kirby, Johanna; White Sands Missile Range (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2004-10)
      Over the last year, the Telemetry Data Center at White Sands Missile Range has conducted extensive comparative testing between its’ 20 year old Best Source Selector and several “off the shelf” selectors currently available. This paper explores the concerns involved in the process of selecting a new Best Source Selector and examines the inherent problems and differences associated with the old and new selectors.
    • Comparison of Wireless Ad-Hoc Sensor Networks

      Spinden, David; Jasper, Jeffrey; Kosbar, Kurt; University of Missouri – Rolla (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2004-10)
      There are a number of telemetry applications where it would be helpful to have networks of sensors that could autonomously discover their connectivity, and dynamically reconfigure themselves during use. A number of research groups have developed wireless ad-hoc sensor network systems. This paper reviews the state-of-the-art in wireless ad-hoc networks, examining the features, assumptions, limitations and unique attributes of some of the more popular solutions to this problem.
    • TELEMETRY LINK RELIABILITY IMPROVEMENT VIA “NO-HIT” DIVERSITY BRANCH SELECTION

      Jefferis, Robert P.; TYBRIN Corporation (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2004-10)
      Multipath propagation consisting largely of specular reflection components is known to be the major channel impairment in many aeronautical mobile telemetry (AMT) applications. Adaptive equalizers are not effective against flat fading commonly created by strong power delay profile components representing small fractions of the transmitted symbol period. Avoidance and diversity techniques are the only practical means of combating this problem. A new post-detection, no-hit diversity branch selector is described in this paper. Laboratory and limited flight test data comparing non-diversity, selection diversity and intermediate frequency (IF) combining techniques are presented.
    • DATA STORAGE SUITED TO FLIGHT DATA RECORDERS

      Fitzgerald, Alan; Adtron Corporation (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2004-10)
    • CHALLENGES TO FUTURE ON-BOARD FTI – SYSTEMS FOR FIGHTER TYPE AIRCRAFT

      Roth, Heinz; EADS Military Aircraft (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2004-10)
      The system architecture of an onboard FTI-System is specifically designed to fulfil highly demanding flight test requirements. Since these flight test requirements are steadily increasing with the growing complexity of test aircraft and mission systems, a corresponding improvement in the performance of the FTI-Systems is mandatory to satisfy those flight test demands. In addition, the individual test flights have to provide the maximum of flight test data obtainable in order to improve test efficiency and to cut project costs. Increased performance, miniaturisation, more reduced design and installation costs are the challenges for future system architectures. The developments of commercial and consumer electronics have an increasing influence on the layout of FTI-Systems.
    • THE MODULAR RANGE INTERFACE (MODRI) DATA ACQUISITION CAPABILITIES AND STRATEGIES

      Marler, Thomas M.; TYBRIN Corporation (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2004-10)
      The Modular Range Interface (ModRI) is a reliable networked data acquisition system used to acquire and disseminate dissimilar data. ModRI’s purpose is to connect TSPI systems to a central computer network. The modular hardware design consists of an SBC, COTS network interfaces, and other COTS interfaces in a VME form factor. The modular software design uses C++ and OO patterns running under an RTOS. Current capabilities of ModRI include acquisition of Ethernet, PCM data, RS-422/232 serial data, and IRIG-B time. Future strategies might include stand-alone data acquisition, acquisition of digital video, and migration to other architectures and operating systems.
    • SOFT SEAMLESS SWITCHING IN DUAL-LOOP DSP-FLL FOR RAPID ACQUISITION AND TRACKING

      Weigang, Zhao; Tingyan, Yao; Jinpei, Wu; Qishan, Zhang; BeiHang University; Wuyi University (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2004-10)
      FLL’s are extensively used for fast carrier synchronization. A common approach to meet the wide acquisition range and sufficiently small tracking error requirements is to adopt the wide or narrow band FLL loop in the acquisition and tracking modes and direct switching the loop. The paper analyze the influence of direct switching on performance, including the narrow band loop convergence, transition time etc. and propose applying the Kalman filtering theory to realize the seamless switching (SS) with time-varying loop gains between the two different loop tracking state. The SS control gains for the high dynamic digital spread spectrum receiver is derived. Simulation results for the SS compared to the direct switching demonstrate the improved performance.
    • A FEASIBLE ARCHITECTURE FOR LARGE AREA OTH C^2 AND DATA COLLECTION, LEVERAGING DEVELOPED COMMERCIAL TECHNOLOGIES

      Power, Emilio J.; Reliable System Services Corporation (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2004-10)
      Reliable System Services Corporation (RSS Corp.) presents the feasibility of a low cost, low power, high capacity, robust RF Communications Network using SATCOM and UAV relays. The developed architecture will be suitable for OTH Large Area Test and Training exercises as well as applications for OTH Digital Battlefield scenarios. A specific application is shown for the planned Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) missions, although the developed architecture will have broader applications for any surface combatant requiring an Over-the-Horizon (OTH) data link to distributed players and sensors. A conceptual design for the IP network radio system will implement RSS Corp. developed secure IRIDIUM global full duplex data links and Harris Corp. developed long range high bandwidth 802.11 full duplex data links. The results will be significant, and the developed system could be a cornerstone of the future digital battlefield combat communications architecture. The developed technology will also have significant use in any application for Test, Evaluation and Training Ranges requiring net centric, command/control and wide bandwidth TLM data collection from distributed remote players and sensors.
    • Performance Analysis of FQPSK and SOQPSK in Aeronautical Telemetry Frequency Selective Multipath Channel

      Rice, Michael; Dang, Xiaoyu; Brigham Young University (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2004-10)
      The impact of frequency selective multipath fading on the bit error rate performance of ARTM Tier-1 waveforms (FQPSK and SOQPSK) is derived and analyzed. In the presence of a strong specular reflection with relative magnitude |Γ1|, the ARTM Tier-1 waveforms suffer a loss in performance of (1 - |Γ1)^(-4√(|Γ1|)) for |Γ1| < 0:5 and a relatively high error floor at approximately 10^(-2) for |Γ1| ≥ 0.5. The ARTM Tier-1 waveforms possess twice the spectral efficiency of PCM/FM, but exhibit a greater loss and higher error floors than PCM/FM for the same multipath conditions and signal-to-noise ratio.
    • AN ALTERNATE PROPOSAL FOR ARTM CPM

      Rice, Michael; Perrins, Erik; Brigham Young University (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2004-10)
      Since the Advanced Range Telemetry (ARTM) program first proposed the use of multi-h continuous phase modulation (ARTM CPM), there has been much work done to characterize the performance of this waveform. The ideal performance of ARTM CPM is well understood and has been shown to be close to that of PCM/FM and the Tier I modulations (FQPSK-B and SOQPSK). In practice, however, ARTM CPM is very sensitive to phase noise at the receiver and also requires very long synchronization times. These difficulties can be addressed with additional link margin. In this paper we propose an alternate set of modulation indexes which are approximately 2 dB superior in performance with respect to the original set (we use minimum distance concepts to characterize the performance of each set). Brief consideration is also given to frequency pulses other than the existing raised cosine (RC) pulse. We also characterize the effect these new parameters have on the signal spectrum. This 2 dB gain gives ARTM CPM some of the system flexibility currently enjoyed by PCM/FM and the Tier I modulations. One such option is to realize this 2 dB gain using low-complexity coherent detection schemes, which we demonstrate; we also show a noncoherent detection scheme that performs within 2 dB of optimum (or in other words, it has the same performance as the existing coherent detector for ARTM CPM). This is significant since noncoherent detection avoids some of the synchronization burdens that have plagued ARTM CPM thus far.
    • HARDWARE DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OFA MULTI-CHANNEL GPS SIMULATOR

      Yuhong, Zhu; Yanhong, Kou; Qing, Chang; Qishan, Zhang; BeiHang University (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2004-10)
      Hardware architecture and design details of a multi-channel GPS signal simulator with highly flexibility is presented, while the dynamic performance objectives and the requirements on the hardware architecture are discussed. The IF part of the simulator is implemented almost entirely in the digital domain by use of a field programmable gate array (FPGA), which mainly include C/A code generators, carrier generators, spreaders, and BPSK modulators. The results of testing the proposed simulator hardware architecture at IF with the help of a GPS receiver are presented.
    • Adaptive Space-Time Waveform Design in Ad hoc Networks using the IMMSE Algorithm

      Iltis, Ronald A.; University of California, Santa Barbara (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2004-10)
      An Ad hoc network with unicasting is considered, in which each node has an M element antenna array. Transmission from node l(i) to i is quasi-synchronous, so that code acquisition is not required. Space-Time (S-T) waveforms are transmitted with temporal dimension Ns Nyquist samples. An adaptive, distributed S-T waveform design algorithm is developed, which maintains QoS while attempting to minimize transmit power. The resulting Iterative Minimum Mean-Square Error{Time Reversal algorithm (IMMSE-TR) sets the transmit S-T vector at node i to the conjugate time-reverse of the linear MMSE S-T detector. It is shown that IMMSE-TR corresponds to a noncooperative game which attempts to minimize transmit power while paying an interference tax. Simulation results are presented demonstrating high power efficiencies for heavily-loaded systems.