• FIBRE CHANNEL BUS MONITORING WITH AIRBORNE DATA MULTIPLEXER / RECORDER SYSTEM

      Berdugo, Albert; Pesciotta, Eric; Teletronics Technology Corporation (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2007-10)
      Modern aircraft now employ widely accepted and standardized technology commonly found in COTS applications. One such technology, Fibre Channel, has been deployed to transport both low and high-speed measurement data. Data as varied as “command and control”, “Radar Sensors” and “video” are being transmitted over fibre channel on many aircrafts. Some of these applications require data monitoring in listening mode only where transmission from the instrumentation equipment is not allowed or possible. As a result, standard off the shelf Fibre Channel devices cannot be used, and a development of a general purpose Fibre Channel monitor/ analyzer device and product is required. This paper discusses the concept, merits, and implementation of fibre channel bus monitoring in modern data acquisition systems. Techniques for tapping into an optical fibre channel network, as well as, a recording format for IRIG106 Chapter 10 are included. An overview of fibre channel topologies and protocols is also provided.
    • HIGH-G TELEMETRY SYSTEM FOR TANK MUNITIONS

      Flyash, Boris; Platovskiy, Steve; Army Research Development and Engineering Center (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2007-10)
      The High-G Telemetry System for Tank Munitions was designed for and used on the Tank Projectile Course Correction Project, which is a program to design, develop, manufacture, assemble and deliver a course correction system, for a 120mm projectile by increasing the probability of hit against stationary and moving targets. The Precision Munitions Instrumentation Division (PMID) of U.S. Army TACOM-ARDEC has been providing high “G” telemetry services for over 50 years. Some of the capabilities of the group involve design, development, fabrication, testing, and data acquisition and analysis. The Precision Munitions Instrumentation Division is supporting this program by designing and manufacturing a telemetry system for monitoring on-board divert mechanism operation and sensors during the gun launch and in-flight. The telemetry system that was designed for this effort was a six channel voltage controlled oscillator (VCO) FM/FM (frequency modulation) telemetry system. It was designed as a modular system that included a battery module, a multiplexer module, and a transmitter module. The system interfaced with a contractor’s electronics modules through a set of 15-pin MDM connectors. The telemetry package was integrated into a 120mm tank round and fired at approximately 50Kg’s. The telemeters were 100% successful in surviving the gun launch and collecting live flight data. Data transmitted by the telemeter included on-board sensor suite data, processor data, power levels, and others. The maximum frequency response of the system is 50 KHz, in order to transmit the processor’s digital data.
    • SOFT RECOVERY RECORDING SYSTEM FOR INTERIOR AND EXTERIOR BALLISTICS CHARACTERIZATION

      Guevara, Mauricio; Flyash, Boris; Army Research Development and Engineering Center (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2007-10)
      The US ARMY, ARDEC; in cooperation with AMCOM AMRDEC, Missile Guidance and Engineering Directorates; the Office of Naval Research; Naval Surface Fire Support; and the Naval Surface Weapon Center, requires multiphase development of a common, low-cost, high G survivable, high accuracy, Micro Electro-Mechanical Systems (MEMS) Inertial Measurement Unit (IMU) and Common, Deeply Integrated, Guidance and Navigation Unit (DI-GNU) for DoD gun launched guided munition and missile applications. The challenge for the Precision Munition Instrumentation Division (PMID) was to develop a Telemetry System to record the interior and exterior ballistics of a M831 TP-T projectile, which will be used as a carrier for soft recovery testing of IMUs and GNUs. This valuable data that would help The Government and contractors develop and validate multiple MEMS IMU design efforts, culminating with live fire verification performance test of pre-production in the Army’s 155-mm Soft Recovery Vehicle (SRVs) and missiles airframes.
    • THE TEST AND TRAINING ENABLING ARCHITECTURE, TENA, AN IMPORTANT COMPONENT IN JOINT MISSION ENVIRONMENT TEST CAPABILITY (JMETC) SUCCESSES

      Hudgins, Gene; TENA Software Development Activity (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2007-10)
      The Joint Mission Environment Test Capability (JMETC) is a distributed live, virtual, and constructive (LVC) testing capability developed to support the acquisition community and to demonstrate Net-Ready Key Performance Parameters (KPP) requirements in a customer-specific Joint Mission Environment (JME). JMETC provides connectivity to the Services’ distributed test capabilities and simulations, as well as industry test resources. JMETC uses the Test and Training Enabling Architecture, TENA, which is well-designed for supporting JMETC events. TENA provides the architecture and software capabilities necessary to enable interoperability among range instrumentation systems, facilities, and simulations. TENA, used in major field exercises and numerous distributed test events, provides JMETC with a technology already being deployed in DoD.
    • MEASUREMENT OF IN-FLIGHT MOTION CHARACTERISTICS OF A HIGH-G LAUNCHED FLARESTABILIZED PROJECTILE WITH ON-BOARD TELEMETRY

      Brown, T. Gordon; Bukowski, Ed; Ilg, Mark; Brandon, Fred; U.S. Army Research Laboratory; Dynamic Science. Inc (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2007-10)
      In pursuit to understanding the flight behavior and characterizing the stability of a flarestabilized projectile, an experiment was conducted to assess the robustness of an inertial sensor suite the size of a dime (17.5mm) by integrating to a telemetry system for recording. The system had to survive launch acceleration exceeding 25,000G’s. This is the beginning of an effort to reduce the size of telemetry systems and diagnostic devices for use in medium caliber munitions and smaller. A description of the telemetry system and subsystem will be presented along with the results.
    • THE USE OF AN IRIG-106 CHAPTER 10 RECORDER AS A TELEMETRY SYSTEM

      Berdugo, Albert; Teletronics Technology Corporation (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2007-10)
      IRIG-106 Chapter 10 has become the recording standard for most of the new flight test programs and many of the current ongoing programs. The primary goal of the standard was to define a common format for recording 100% bulk data such as PCM, MIL-STD-1553 busses, Video/Audio, ARINC-429, Ethernet, IEEE-1394, Analog Data, and others. In most cases the standard has provided the instrumentation engineers and the data analysts with a recording solution that meets their needs. Many programs require transmission of safety of flight data from a subset of the data acquired by the recorder. This may include selected video/audio channels, selected avionics bus data, and others. This requirement presents a dilemma to the flight test engineer who must duplicate part of the system for telemetry. This paper discusses several applications in which the IRIG-106 Chapter 10 recorder can be used as a telemetry system. It will include the transmission of bulk MIL-STD-1553 data per IRIG-106 Chapter 8, transmission of multiple Video/Audio and PCM data channels, and transmission of selected avionics data per IRIG-106 Chapter 4.
    • A ROADMAP TO STANDARDIZING THE IRIG 106 CHAPTER 10 COMPLIANT DATA FILTERING AND OVERWRITNG SOFTWARE PROCESS

      Berard, Alfredo; Manning, Dennis; Kim, Jeong Min; Eglin Air Force Base (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2007-10)
      High speed digital recorders have revolutionized the way Major Range and Test Facility Bases collect instrumentation data. One challenge facing these organizations is the need for a validated process for the separation of specific data channels and/or data from multiplexed recordings. Several organizations within Eglin Air Force Base have joined forces to establish the requirements and validate a software process compliant with the IRIG-106 Chapter 10 Digital Recording Standard (which defines allowable media access, data packetization, and error controls mechanics). This paper describes a roadmap to standardizing the process to produce this software process, Data Overwriting and Filtering Application (DOFA).
    • OPERATOR INTERFACES FOR CONTROLLING THE SERIAL STREAMING TELEMETRY CHANNEL VIA A COMMAND AND CONTROL LINK

      Laird, Daniel T.; Edwards Air Force Base (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2007-10)
      The Central Test and Evaluation Incentive Program, (CTEIP) is developing Integrated Network Enhanced Telemetry (iNET) to extend serial streaming telemetry (SST) with a command and control link. Command link interfaces link remote Advanced Range Telemetry (ARTM) transmitters (Tx) and receivers (Rx), developed under the ARTM CTEIP project, via graphical user interfaces (GUI). The communication channel links the iNET Tx on a vehicle network (vNET) and the iNET Rx on a ground station network (gNET) via a single GUI. The command link is an essential part of the pending iNET Technology Demonstration.
    • LONG TERM VEHICLE HEALTH MONITORING

      L3 Communications – Telemetry East; Cridland, Doug; Dehmelt, Chris (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2007-10)
      While any vehicle that is typically part of a flight test campaign is heavily instrumented to validate its performance, long term vehicle health monitoring is performed by a significantly reduced number of sensors due to a number of issues including cost, weight and maintainability. The development and deployment of smart sensor buses has reached a time in which they can be integrated into a larger data acquisition system environment. The benefits of these types of buses include a significant reduction in the amount of wiring and overall system complexity by placing the appropriate signal conditioners close to their respective sensors and providing data back over a common bus, that also provides a single power source. The use of a smart-sensor data collection bus, such as IntelliBus™1 or IEEE-1451, along with the continued miniaturization of signal conditioning devices, leads to the interesting possibility of permanently embedding data collection capabilities within a vehicle after the initial flight test effort has completed, providing long-term health-monitoring and diagnostic functionality that is not available today. This paper will discuss the system considerations and the benefits of a smart sensor based system and how pieces can be transitioned from flight qualification to long-term vehicle health monitoring in production vehicles.
    • QUALITY OF SERVICE PARAMETERS WITHIN A MIXED NETWORK FOR THE INET ENVIRONMENT

      Dean, Richard; Chaney, Antwan; Morgan State University (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2007-10)
      The focus of the integrated Network Enhanced Telemetry (iNET) project is to enhance the current telemetry technology (IRIG106) and still maintain the reliability of the current technology. The Mixed Networking environment is composed of a wired network based on standard 802.11 and a modified wireless based on 802.11. Determining the viability of the networking scheme within the iNET project is critical. The QoS features such as delay and jitter are measures of performance specified by user conditions. These QoS features are measured against current legacy links. This paper will show a comparison of the three QoS levels (best effort, assured, and premium services) that the network provides and investigate QoS performance of the Mixed Network in the iNET environment. This will provide a framework for assessing the strength and weakness of the Mixed Network as well as scoping further research.
    • VEHICLE NETWORK TECHNOLOGY DEMONSTRATION

      Grace, Thomas; Hodack, Dave; Naval Air Systems Command (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2007-10)
      iNET is a project tasked to foster advances in networking and telemetry technology to meet emerging needs. This paper describes one objective of the project, which is standardization and interoperability. It begins to explore issues for achieving a level of interoperability among differing vendor’s hardware such as data acquisition units, data recorders, video systems, transceivers, and network encryption. Specifically, this paper addresses the expansion of the current demonstration system with the addition of multiple vendor data acquisition units. It will also attempt to address the level of standardization necessary for achieving interoperability while still enabling vendors to add their value added contributions into their products.
    • NET-CENTRIFYING THE GOULD TA6000 OSCILLOGRAPH

      Guadiana, Juan; Benitez, Jesus; Tiqui, Dwight; White Sands Missile Range (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2007-10)
      Migrating analog architectures and equipments to network architectures is underway all across the globe. There is no doubt, a modern instrument must fit the network environment or simply will not be procured. Yet, funding constraints temper wholesale changes to net-centric technologies. The last analog stronghold in our data center is the oscillograph. Over 50 Gould TA 6000 Oscillographs reside at White Sands Missile Range. These are digital implementations of analog recorders, hence require analog signaling. Digital telemetry data (most common format) must be converted to analog to drive an oscillograph that converts analog back to digital to plot the data. The oscillograph’s interface board may be “hacked” by removing the Analog to Digital Converter (ADC) gaining direct access to the digital signal path. This idea was worth attempting as the prospect of replacing that many recorders with the newer network driven oscillographs is costly hence remote. This paper’s topic is the conversion of the hardware and a discussion on software issues. Though not pretty, it does preserve the large recorder investment for the time being. Issues with analog signaling, such as noise, drift and ground loops are gone. A commercial ethernet to digital adapter drives the new digital interface and transforms the recorder into an net-centric instrument.
    • THE EFFECT OF NETWORK CENTRIC OPERATIONS IN TELEMETRY FOR AIR FORCE FLIGHT TEST AND EVALUATION

      Santos, Eunice E.; Jones, Charles H.; Harris, Charles; Virginia Polytechnic Institute & State University; Edwards Air Force Base (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2007-10)
      We discuss how aspects of telemetry can be effectively incorporated and modeled as a component within network-centric operations and warfare paradigms. Telemetry is particularly vital in Air Force Flight Test and Evaluation. As such, this paper has a specific emphasis and provides discussion within this domain. We also present how an existing framework for networkcentric operations and warfare can be particularly beneficial to telemetry modeling, and discuss the potential insights and utility within this context.
    • XML META-DATA EXPERIMENTS

      K/Bidy, Gilles; L-3 Communications (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2007-10)
      As part of the technology upgrades driven by the iNet initiative, there is a need to establish a meta-data standard to describe configuration information for the system under test. The technology identified for such a standard is XML and XSD schemas. This paper presents findings from various experiments to import and export existing telemetry configuration information to XML based on the new Meta-data model. In addition, this paper will discuss the possible conversions to and from the existing IRIG TMATS standard.
    • IRIG 106 CHAPTER 10 RECORDER VALIDATION

      Ferrill, Paul; Golackson, Michael; Avionics Test and Analysis Corp.; Edwards Air Force Base (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2007-10)
      The most recent version of IRIG 118, Test Methods for Telemetry Systems and Subsystems, was released in 1999 and does not include any guidance for testing IRIG 106 Chapter 10 recorder / reproducers. This paper will describe the methodology and tools used to perform a thorough testing process to ensure compliance with the IRIG 106-07 standard.
    • The Sum-Rate Capacity of a Cognitive Multiple Access Sensor Network

      Panagos, Adam; Kosbar, Kurt; Dynetic, Inc.; University of Missouri (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2007-10)
      This paper investigates the sum-rate capacity of a cognitive multiple access (MAC) sensor network. The multiple access network consists of K sensors communicating to a common base station. Outside of the network exists another user of the radio spectrum. Each sensor of the MAC network is aware (i.e. cognitive) of this user, denoted the primary user, and transmits in a manner to avoid any interference to this user. No interference transmission is achieved using the dirty-paper coding technique. The sum-rate capacity is the theoretical maximum of the sum of the simultaneously achievable rates of each sensor within the network. Using a recently derived iterative algorithm, we quantify the sum-rate capacity of this network and investigate its behavior as a function of the number of sensors, cognitive signal-to-noise ratio (CSNR) and primary SNR (PSNR) in a Rayleigh fading environment. We also derive bounds and scaling results for the ergodic sum-rate capacity.
    • Iterative Decoding and Sparse Channel Estimation for an Underwater Acoustic Telemetry Modem

      Iltis, Ronald A.; University of California (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2007-10)
      An acoustic modem employing direct-sequence spread-spectrum (DSSS) signaling is considered with LDPC coding. The underwater acoustic channel is tracked using a Kalman filter which requires accurate data decisions. To improve KF performance and reduce the overall error rate, joint iterative LDPC decoding and channel estimation is proposed based on a factor graph and sum-product algorithm approximation. In this scheme, the decoder posterior log likelihood ratios (LLRs) provide data decisions for the KF. Decoder extrinsic LLRs are similarly incorporated into the detector LLRs to yield improved priors for decoding. Error rate simulations of the overall modem are provided for a shallow-water channel model with Ricean/Rayleigh fading.
    • A HARDWARE PLATFORM FOR COGNITIVE RADIO

      Kosbar, Kurt; Pratt, Jason; University of Missouri (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2007-10)
      Cognitive radio is a reasonably new branch of research aimed at more fully utilizing the RF spectrum. This is accomplished by allowing wireless communication systems to dynamically choose a frequency band, and a modulation technique, based on the current state of the RF spectrum as perceived by the cognitive radio network. This paper will give a brief introduction of cognitive radio networks, and describe a hardware platform designed at the IFT/UMR Telemetry Learning Center. The test-bed will accommodate future research into cognitive networks, by allowing the user to dynamically change both its carrier frequency and modulation technique through software. A general description of the design of the platform is provided.
    • MANAGEMENT OF NETWORK-BASED FLIGHT TEST SYSTEMS

      Moore, Michael S.; Grim, Evan T.; Kamat, Ganesh U.; Moodie, Myron L.; Southwest Research Institute (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2007-10)
      Network-based instrumentation systems are rapidly replacing traditional fixed serial interconnected instrumentation in both commercial and military flight test environments. Modern network-based flight test systems are composed of large numbers of devices including high-speed network switches, data acquisition devices, recorders, telemetry interfaces, and wireless network transceivers, all of which must be managed in a coordinated fashion. Management of the network system includes configuring, controlling, and monitoring the health and status of the various devices. Configuration by hand is not a realistic option, so algorithms for automatic management must be implemented to make these systems economical and practical. This paper describes the issues that must be addressed for managing network-based flight test systems and describes a network management approach that was developed and employed to manage a large-scale network-based flight test system.
    • OPTIMAL CONFIGURATION FOR NODES IN MIXED CELLULAR AND MOBILE AD HOC NETWORK FOR INET

      Dean, Richard; Babalola, Olusola; Morgan State University (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2007-10)
      As part of Morgan’s iNET development, the Mixed Cellular and Mobile Ad hoc Network (MCMN) architecture has been 1proposed to provide coverage to over-the horizon test articles. Nodes in MCMN are assigned to one of three possible modes- Ad hoc, Cellular or Gateway. We present architecture for the proposed MCMN and some performance analysis to characterize the network. The problem of organizing nodes in this mixed network with optimal configuration is significant. This configuration gives nodes ability to know the best mode to operate and communicate with other nodes. Node organization is critical to the performance of the mixed network and to improve communication. The configuration of nodes required to optimally organize nodes in MCMN is demonstrated. The problem of evaluating configuration parameters for nodes in a mixed network is a nonlinear and complex one. This is due to the various components like the number of nodes, geographical location, signal strength, mobility, connectivity and others that are involved. Clustering techniques and algorithms have been used in literature to partition networks into clusters to support routing and network management. A clustering technique is employed to dynamically partition the aggregate network into Cluster Cells (CCs). A gateway node is selected for each CC which relays traffic from the cellular to the Ad hoc and vice versa. A trade-off analysis of the cellular boundary is presented using the maximum of the minimum data rate in the network. Numerical analysis and experiments are provided to show that the coverage can be extended to test articles in over-the-horizon region. It is also shown that, when the network is well organized, performance is improved.