• TECHNIQUE FOR DETERMINING THE POWER FLUX DENSITY OF INTERFERING SIGNALS AT TELEMETRY RECEIVING STATIONS

      Law, Eugene; NAVAIR (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2005-10)
      This paper will present techniques for accurately measuring the power flux density (PFD) of interfering signals at telemetry receiving stations. The solar power flux density is measured daily by radio astronomers and will be used as a calibration signal. The electromagnetic spectrum is being used more intensely as time marches on so being familiar with interference measurement techniques is becoming more important because more interfering signals are present.
    • BEST SOURCE SELECTORS AND MEASURING THE IMPROVEMENTS

      Gatton, Tim; Wyle Laboratories Telemetry and Data Systems (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2005-10)
      After years of tracing the evolution and solutions to finding the best data, I learned that it isn’t best source selection that we all want. What we need is best data selection.
    • SHF MULTIPATH CHANNEL MODELING RESULTS

      Rice, Michael; Lei, Qiang; Brigham Young University (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2005-10)
      This paper presents the results of land-based SHF channel modeling experiments. Channel modeling data were collected at Edwards AFB, California at S-Band, X-Band and Ku-band. Frequency domain analysis techniques were used to evaluate candidate channel models. A graphical user interface (GUI) was developed to search for the optimum channel parameters. The model parameters corresponding to different frequencies were compared for multipath events captured at approximately the same locations. A general trend was observed where the magnitude of the first multipath reflection decreased as frequency increased and the delay remained relatively unchanged.
    • HYPER-X (X-43A) FLIGHT TEST RANGE OPERATIONS OVERVIEW

      Lux-Baumann, Jessica; Burkes, Darryl A.; National Aeronautics and Space Administration (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2005-10)
      The Hyper-X program flew X-43A research vehicles to hypersonic speeds over the Pacific Ocean in March and November 2004 from the Western Aeronautical Test Range, NASA Dryden Flight Research Center, Edwards, California. The program required multiple telemetry ground stations to provide continuous coverage of the captive carry, launch, boost, experiment, and descent phases of these missions. An overview is provided of vehicle telemetry and distributed assets that supported telemetry acquisition, best-source selection, radar tracking, video tracking, flight termination systems, and voice communications. Real-time data display and processing are discussed, and postflight analysis and comparison of data acquired are presented.
    • HUMAN AND WORKFLOW ISSUES WITH SMART SENSOR NETWORKS

      Reiter, Mac; Jones, Charles H.; Nomadics, Inc.; Edwards Air Force Base (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2005-10)
      This paper presents methods of using standard PDAs, smart sensors, XML-based network and user interface descriptions, and graphical sensor network management to provide an installationto- use workflow. Techniques discussed will include: methods of providing additional capabilities to PDAs, methods of automatically constructing user interfaces based on constraints and requirements from both the sensor descriptions and the PDA capabilities description, and methods of providing more natural selection of sensors for test setup.
    • THE DESIGN OF A 21st CENTURY TELEMTRY SYSTEM WITH SOQPSK MODULATION AND INTEGRATED CONTROL

      Wegener, John A.; Roche, Michael C.; The Boeing Company (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2005-10)
      This paper describes a telemetry system developed for the EA-18G Flight Test program. The program requires transmission of a number of data streams, in IRIG-106 Chapter 4 PCM, Chapter 8 Mux-All 1553, Ethernet, and Fibre Channel formats. The initial requested data rate was in excess of 30 Mbits/sec. The telemetry system must operate at a range up to about 120 miles, at several test ranges, and with several different aircraft maneuvering configurations. To achieve these requirements, the Flight Test Instrumentation group at Boeing Integrated Defense Systems in Saint Louis, developed a telemetry system in conjunction with industry partners and test range customers. The system transmits two telemetry streams with a total aggregate rate on the order of 20 Mbits/sec. Each telemetry stream consists of up to four PCM streams, combined in a Teletronics Technology Corporation (TTC) Miniature Adaptable Real-Time Multiplexer Unit (MARM) data combiner. It uses Nova Engineering multi-mode transmitters capable of transmitting PCM-FM or Shaped Offset Quadrature Phase Shift Keying (SOQPSK). The transmitter also provides Turbo-Product Code (TPC) Forward Error Correction (FEC) to enhance range and improve link performance. Data collection units purchased from outside vendors or developed by Saint Louis Flight Test Instrumentation, translate Ethernet and Fibre Channel information into traditional PCM streams. A Boeing Flight Test Instrumentation developed control system provides flexible selection of streams to be combined into each telemetry stream, and functional control of antenna selection and transmitter operation.
    • A SECURE MEDIA STREAM COMMUNICATION FOR NEXT GENERATION NETWORK

      Wu, Hao; Zhong, Zhangdui; Bejing Jiaotong University (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2005-10)
      In NGN, the open interfaces and the IP protocol make the hazard of security aspect increased accordingly. Thereby, it is a very important premise for NGN network operation to afford a good secure media stream communication. In this paper, we will present a secure media stream communication for NGN. Then we will discuss the three parts of the media stream secure communication——media stream source authentication, secret key negotiation and distribution; media stream encryption/decryption in detail. It can effectively realize media stream end-to-end secure communication. Meanwhile, it also makes use of the expanding of former protocol during the secret key negotiation process.
    • PACKET-BASED TELEMETRY NETWORKS OVER LEGACY SYSTEMS

      O’Connell, Tim; Nova Engineering, Inc. (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2005-10)
      The telemetry industry anticipates the tremendous potential value of adding full networking capability to telemetry systems. However, much of this potential can be realized while working with legacy equipment. By adding modules that interface transparently to existing equipment, continuous telemetry data can be encapsulated in discrete packets for over the air transmission. Packet fields can include header, sequence number and bytes for error detection and correction. The RF packet is transmitted without gaps through a standard serial interface and rate adjusted for the packet overhead – effectively making packetization transparent to a legacy system. The receiver unit performs packet synchronization, error correction, extraction of stream quality metrics and re-encapsulation of the payload data into an internet protocol (IP) packet. These standard packets can then be sent over the existing network transport system to the range control center. At the range control center, the extracted stream quality metrics are used to select the best telemetry source in real-time. This paper provides a general discussion of the path to a fully realized, packet-based telemetry network and a brief but comprehensive overview of the Hypernet system architecture as a case study.
    • IMPLEMENTATION OF REAL-TIME AIRBORNE VIDEO TELEMETRY SYSTEM

      Nam, Ju-Hun; Choi, Byeong-Doo; Ko, Sung-Jea; Kim, Bok-Ki; Lee, Woon-Moon; Lee, Nam-Sik; Yu, Jea-Taeg; Korea University; Danam Systems Corporation; Agency for Defense Development (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2005-10)
      In this paper, we present an efficient real-time implementation technique for Motion-JPEG2000 video compression and its reconstruction used for a real-time Airborne Video Telemetry System. we utilize Motion JPEG2000 and 256-channel PCM Encoder was used for source coding in the developed system. Especially, in multiplexing and demultiplexing PCM encoded data, we use the continuous bit-stream format of the PCM encoded data so that any de-commutator can use it directly, after demultiplexing. Experimental results show that our proposed technique is a practical and an efficient DSP solution.
    • INTERFERENCE CANCELLATION USING ARTM TIER-1 WAVEFORMS IN AERONAUTICAL TELEMETRY

      Ali, Tariq M.; Saquib, Mohammad; Rice, Michael; University of Texas; Brigham Young University (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2005-10)
      This paper describes and interference cancellation technique appropriate for ARTM Tier-1 waveforms. The technique requires the estimators for the bit sequences for the adjacent channels as well as the power levels of the adjacent channels. Simulation results show that the interference canceller allows a more dense “channel packing” thereby creating a channel utilization 67% ~ 100% greater than the current IRIG 106 recommendations.
    • Integration of Smart Sensor Buses into Distributed Data Acquisition Systems

      Dehmelt, Chris; L3 Communications (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2005-10)
      As requirements for the amount of test data continues to increase, instrumentation engineers are under pressure to deploy data acquisition systems that reduce the amount of associated wiring and overall system complexity. Smart sensor buses have been long considered as one approach to address this issue by placing the appropriate signal conditioners close to their respective sensors and providing data back over a common bus. However, the inability to adequately synchronize the operation of the sensor bus to the system master, which is required to correlate analog data measurements, has precluded their use. The ongoing development and deployment of smart sensor buses has reached the phase in which integration into a larger data acquisition system environment must be considered. Smart sensor buses, such as IntelliBus™, have their own unique mode of operation based on a pre-determined sampling schedule, which however, is typically asynchronous to the operation of the (master or controller) data acquisition system and must be accounted for when attempting to synchronize the two systems. IRIG Chapter 4 type methods for inserting data into a format, as exemplified by the handling of MIL-STD-1553 data, could be employed, with the disadvantage of eliminating any knowledge as to when a particular measurement was sampled, unless it is time stamped (similar to the time stamping function that is provided to mark receipt of 1553 command words). This can result in excessive time data as each sensor bus can manage a large number of analog sensor inputs and multiple sensor buses must be accommodated by the data acquisition system. The paper provides an example, using the Boeing developed IntelliBus system and the L3 Communications - Telemetry East NetDAS system, of how correlated data can be acquired from a smart sensor bus as a major subsystem component of a larger integrated data acquisition system. The focus will be specifically on how the IntelliBus schedule can be synchronized to that of the NetDAS formatter. Sample formats will be provided along with a description of how a standalone NetDAS stack and an integrated NetDAS-IntelliBus system would be programmed to create the required output, taking into account the unique sampling characteristics of the sensor bus.
    • TRENDS IN COTS STORAGE SOLUTIONS FOR DATA ACQUISITION SYSTEMS

      Tsur, Ofer; M-Systems (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2005-10)
      This paper discusses data storage requirements for data acquisition systems, and evaluates the ability of three of the most popular COTS data storage solutions - mechanical disk, ruggedized mechanical disk and solid-state flash disk - to meet these requirements today and in the future. It addresses issues of capacity, data reliability, endurance, form factor, cost and security. It concludes with a discussion of trends to implement high-speed serial interfaces in data acquisition systems, and the challenges that these trends pose for COTS storage solutions.
    • CAN BUS USED FOR DATA ACQUISITION SYSTEM CONTROLS (AUTOMOTIVE SOLUTION FOR AIRCRAFT PROBLEM)

      Johnson, Bruce; Smith, John; NAWCAD (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2005-10)
      This paper discusses using the CAN (Control Area Network) Bus protocol for control and status of flight test data acquisition systems. The application of the CAN (Control Area Network) on an F/A-18 aircraft will be discussed in detail.
    • A LOOK AT CELLULAR PACKET DATA PERFORMANCE FOR APPLICATION IN iNET

      Dean, Richard; Webley, Kayonne; Morgan State University (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2005-10)
      The integrated Network Enhanced Telemetry (iNET) environment is meant to build and improve on the existing unidirectional legacy telemetry links. The optimized network would have to be capable of providing bi-directional, spectrally efficient, reliable, dynamically allocated, real time or near real time access to video and other types of test data over a shared bandwidth, high capacity network. Developed specifically for providing a reliable means of communications for large numbers of users, cellular technology seems particularly suited to addressing iNET’s needs. This paper investigates the creation of a cellular model for enhanced throughput for data users wherein a user would dynamically be allocated high data rates dependent on parameters such as the received signal to noise ratio (SNR). Our future work will develop the average data performance, comparing both the time division multiple access (TDMA) and code division multiple access (CDMA) environments for potential application in iNET.
    • A FLEXIBLE DATA ACQUISITION, CONTROL AND TELEMETRY SYSTEM FOR EXPERIMENTAL PAYLOADS

      Wilkins, Bryce; Erwin, Daniel A.; University of Southern California (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2005-10)
      Experimental science payloads vary greatly in design for the purpose of performing specialized tasks. As such, their supporting control, data acquisition and telemetry subsystems are often expensive custom designed units with specific abilities, thus limiting reuse. This paper presents a payload control, data acquisition and telemetry system capable of providing a range of functionality to science payloads as a consequence of its accommodating architecture, programmability, and physical modular design. Details of the system and its capabilities are presented followed by an actual configuration of the system as the backbone of a micro-electro-mechanical-systems technology demonstration payload designed for suborbital flight.
    • The Integration of Ground-based Real-time Telemetry Processing, On-board Chapter 10 Aircraft Data Recorders, and 802.11G Links

      Dawson, Daniel M.; Wyle Laboratories, Telemetry and Data Systems (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2005-10)
      As part of the iNET Team’s plan to demonstrate to the validity and benefits of adding a network connection to a test vehicle, Wyle Laboratories Telemetry and Data Systems is developing a network-based command structure that allows ground-based users to request data previously archived on-board a test article in response to real-time data monitoring. This synthesis of real-time telemetry monitoring with traditional ground-based post-test data analysis provides flight test engineers with near real-time, error free data while the aircraft is on station. Additionally, this approach maximizes the use of available telemetry bandwidth by allowing users to dynamically request different data sets for downloading. This paper addresses the command structure of the interface; the utilization of IRIG 106 Chapter 10 data structures in a network environment, and provides performance metrics of the test case.
    • TELEMETRY GROUND STATION CONFIGURATION FOR THE JOINT ADVANCED MISSILE INSTRUMENTATION (JAMI) TIME SPACE POSITION INFORMATION (TSPI) UNIT (JTU)

      Meyer, Steven J.; Naval Air Warfare Center Weapons Division (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2005-10)
      The Joint Advance Missile Instrumentation (JAMI) program has developed a Time Space Position Information (TSPI) unit (JTU). The JTU employs a novel use of GPS technology and inertial measurement units (IMU) to provide a real time trajectory for high dynamic missile systems. The GPS system can function during high g maneuvers that an air-to-air missile might encounter. The IMU is decoupled from the GPS sensor. The IMU data is a secondary navigation source for the JTU and will provide platform attitude. The GPS data and IMU data are sent to the ground in a telemetry packet called TUMS (TSPI Unit Message Structure). The TUMS packet is sent to a computer that hosts the JAMI Data Processing (JDP) software, which performs a Kalmam filter on the GPS and IMU data to provide a real-time TSPI solution to the range displays. This paper focuses on the equipment and software needed at a telemetry ground station to display the real time TPSI solution on the range displays. It includes an overview of the system data flow. This overview should help a potential user of the system understand what is involved in running the JAMI system. The post mission tools to provide an accurate trajectory and end-game scoring will not be discussed in this paper.
    • ACQUISITION AND TRANSMISSION OF SEISMIC DATA OVER PACKET RADIO

      Mayer, Gerhard; Hinterseer, Martin; Wegscheider, Christoph; University of Salzburg (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2005-10)
      Research on earthquakes and volcanos is of particular importance in seismic instable regions. To improve opportunities of research and civil defence, continuous coverage of seismic activities of a large area at a certain time is necessary. This paper deals with the issues concerning the collecting of environmental data by a number of autonomous field stations and their transmission to central station through a cost effective low bandwidth packer radio data network. This paper deals with the acquisition, preprocessing and transmission of seismic data. Therefore, a prototype system is discussed, which will be developed at the University of Salzburg, Austria.
    • Using GPS for TSPI and Flight Termination Capabilities of a Missile Telemetry Section

      Kujiraoka, Scott R.; Fielder, Russell G.; Naval Air Systems Command (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2005-10)
      The Joint Advanced Missile Instrumentation (JAMI) Program involves the integration of Global Positioning System (GPS) tracking technology into the Test Ranges. GPS Technology will be used for Time, Space, and Position Information (TSPI) as well as Flight Termination purposes. JAMI is currently developing the JAMI TSPI Unit (JTU) and the Flight Termination Safe & Arm (FTS&A) devices. This paper will discuss the current efforts to integrate these JAMI components, off the shelf items (Flight Termination Receivers (FTR), Telemetry Transmitters, Encryptor and Thermal Batteries) and in-house developed devices (PCM Encoder, Tri-band Antenna with integrated Limiter, Filter, and Amplifier) into a five-inch diameter Missile Telemetry (TM) Section. The discussion of the transmission of the data and how the Test Ranges process it is beyond the scope of this paper and is covered in [1].
    • OPTIMAL TRAINING PARAMETERS FOR CONTINUOUSLY VARYING MIMO CHANNELS

      Potter, Christopher G.; Panagos, Adam G.; Kosbar, Kurt; Weeks, William; University of Missouri – Rolla (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2005-10)
      To correctly demodulate a signal sent through a multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) channel, a receiver may use training to learn the channel parameters. The choice of training parameters can significantly impact system performance. Training too often yields low throughput while training infrequently produces poor channel estimates and increased transmission errors. Previous work on optimal training parameters has focused on the block fading Rayleigh model. This work examines a more general case; finding the training parameters that maximize throughput for a continuously varying channel. Training parameters that maximize a lower bound on channel capacity are determined via simulation, and general guidelines are presented for selecting optimal training parameters.