• ADVANCE PRACTICAL CHANNEL SIMULATORS FOR LEO SATELLITE CHANNELS WITH SELECTIVE FADING AND DOPPLER SHIFTS

      Haghdad, Mehdi; Feher, Kamilo; University of California Davis (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2001-10)
      Dynamic hardware and software schemes for trajectory based simulation of LEO satellite channel are presented and evaluated. The simulation models are based on the practical LEO satellite channels and change dynamically with the trajectory using the latitude and longitude of the LEO satellite as input. The hardware simulator is consisted of a trajectory based selective fade generator, a trajectory based Doppler shifter, trajectory based time shadowing simulator and a standard channel for addition of noise, ACI and CCI. A FQPSK modulated signal is passed through a trajectory based dynamic fade generator and the spectrum is distorted. Then the resulting signal is exposed to a trajectory based dynamic Doppler Shifter, simulating the passage of the satellite overhead. Then the proper AWGN, ACI or CCI is added to the signal. At the final stage the signal is passed through a trajectory based time Shadowing simulator. The software simulator is a dynamic real time simulator written in MatLab and its structure is similar to the hardware simulator.
    • ANALYTICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL CHARACTERIZATION OF SOQPSK AND MULTI-H CPM IN A MULTIPATH CHANNEL

      Hill, Terrance J.; Nova Engineering, Inc. (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2001-10)
      Shaped Offset QPSK (SOQPSK) has been shown to be nearly identical in performance to Feher-patented FQPSK, which is the Advanced Range Telemetry (ATRM) program's Tier I waveform. Multi-h CPM has been selected as the ARTM Tier II waveform, because it offers 50% better spectral efficiency than the Tier I waveform. Both the Tier I and Tier II waveforms must operate in a multipath channel in order to meet the range community's telemetry requirements. This paper presents an analytical and experimental characterization of SOQPSK and Multi-h CPM in the presence of multipath. Quantitative results are presented which demonstrate the relative robustness of the ARTM Tier I and Tier II waveforms, in channels representative of a typical range environment.
    • NON-FEEDBACK HIGH SPEED ADAPTIVE EQUALIZERS FOR FQPSK AND OTHER SPECTRAL EFFICIENCY SYSTEMS FOR LEO SATELLITE TELEMETRY SYSTEMS

      Haghdad, Mehdi; Feher, Kamilo; University of California Davis; Digcom, Inc. (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2001-10)
      A non-feedback adaptive equalizer based on Feher Equalizer (FE) is presented and its performance is evaluated. By artificially adding notch/notches to the corrupted spectrum resulted from selectively faded LEO environments, an artificial symmetry is created and as a result the BER/BLER is improved. The location and the depth of artificial additive notches are based on the shape of the spectrum of the corrupted signal. By measuring the power in narrow bands around certain frequencies the existence of notches around those frequencies are predicted. Based on this information notches with proper depths are added to the main spectrum which results in more symmetry in the spectrum. The selection process of artificial notch/notches are based on the shape of the signal spectrum, which means that this equalizer unlike most conventional equalizer does not need any feedback. The nonfeedback nature of this equalizer improves the adaptation time over that of alternative equalizers The results presented in this paper are based on both MatLab simulations and laboratory hardware measurements.
    • PERFORMANCE OF SOQPSK AND MULTI-H CPM IN THE PRESENCE OF ADJACENT CHANNEL INTERFERENCE

      Hill, Terrance J.; Nova Engineering, Inc. (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2001-10)
      Multi-h CPM has been selected as the Tier II waveform for the Advanced Range Telemetry (ARTM) program, because it offers 50% better spectral efficiency than Feher-patented FQPSK, which is the Tier I waveform. Shaped Offset QPSK has been shown to be nearly identical in performance to Feher-patented FQPSK. Both the Tier I and Tier II waveforms must operate in the presence of adjacent channel interference in order to meet the range community's telemetry requirements. This paper presents an experimental characterization of SOQPSK and Multi-h CPM in the presence of adjacent channel interference, over a range of channel spacings and differential signal amplitudes. Quantitative results are presented which demonstrate the relative robustness of the ARTM Tier I and Tier II waveforms, with adjacent channel interference representative of a typical range environment.