Portnoy, Michael; Yang, Hsueh-Szu; Teletronics Technology Corporation (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2006-10)
      Traditional data acquisition systems have relied on physical connections between data sources and data receivers to handle the routing of acquired data streams. However, these systems grow exponentially in complexity as the number of data sources and receivers increases. New techniques are needed to address the ever increasing complexity of data acquisition. Furthermore, more advanced mechanisms are needed that move past the limitations of traditional data models that connect each data source to exactly one data receiver. This paper presents a software framework for the playback of multiplexed data acquired from a network acquisition system. This framework uses multicast technologies to connect data sources with multiple data receivers. The network acquisition system is briefly introduced before the software framework is discussed. Both the challenges and advantages involved with creating such a system are presented. Finally, this framework is applied to an aviation telemetry example.

      McWhorter, Mark; Honeywell Aerospace Electronic Systems (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2006-10)
      This paper discusses the effect of vehicle exhaust plasma/plume on the ability to receive telemetered data via an S-band RF link. The data presented herein were captured during the launch of the STARS FT-04-1 on February 23, 2006 from Kodiak Launch Center, Kodiak, Alaska using Alaska Aerospace Development Corporation’s (AADC) Range Safety and Telemetry System (RSTS), designed and integrated by Honeywell.

      Doonan, Daniel; Fu, Tricia; Utley, Chris; Iltis, Ronald; Kastner, Ryan; Lee, Hua; University of California, Santa Barbara (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2006-10)
      This paper describes the design and successful development of an acoustic modem for potential use in underwater ecological sensor networks. The presentation includes theoretical study, design and development of both software and hardware, laboratory experiments, full-scale field tests, and the documentation and analysis of field-test results.

      Heath, Doug; Polluconi, Marty; Samad, Flora; RT Logic Incorporated (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2006-10)
      As the rates and numbers of serial telemetry data streams increase, the cost of timely, efficient and robust distribution of those streams increases faster. Without alternatives to traditional pointto- point serial distribution, the complexity of the infrastructure will soon overwhelm potential benefits of the increased stream counts and rates. Utilization of multiplexing algorithms in Field- Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGA), coupled with universally available Internet Protocol (IP) switching technology, provides a low-latency, time-data correlated multi-stream distribution solution. This implementation has yielded zero error IP transport and regeneration of multiple serial streams, maintaining stream to stream skew of less than 10 nsec, with end-to-end latency contribution of less than 15 msec. Adoption of this technique as a drop-in solution can greatly reduce the costs and complexities of maintaining pace with the changing serial telemetry community.

      Morrison, Thomas M.; JT3, Edwards AFB (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2006-10)
      Telemetry data are usually collected for analysis at some later time and can be monitored to follow the progress of a test. In the case of an Air Data System the signals from the sensors are sent to a computer that calculates the air data parameters for use on multiple LabView-generated displays, as well as to the Data Acquisition System. The readouts on the multiple displays need to be real-time so they are useful to the flight crew. Equations that control the different air data values are determined by what telemetry data are available and the preference of those doing the test planning. These systems need to display the information in a format useful to the flight crew and be reliable.

      McCormick, John; Ferrill, Paul; Avionics Test and Analysis Corporation (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2006-10)
      DataProbeCLASSIC is the new PC-based version of the classic tool for telemetry data analysis and visualization. DataProbe was the brainchild of the Unites States Navy and its contractors. At a time when computer terminals were expensive and graphical visualization of data was cutting edge, this software product was specifically designed to process time-series data in an efficient manner. The primary strength of DataProbe is the capability to read specific data items for specific time slices from very large data files rather than reading the entire data file into memory. The efficiency and versatility of the product was quickly noted, and it gained widespread use within the testing community. This paper presents a brief history of the legacy product and discusses the features and strengths of new implementation.

      Paulick, Michael J.; TYBRIN Corporation; Eglin Air Force Base (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2006-10)
      The Image Data Automated Processing System (IDAPS), developed by the 96th Communications Group Test and Analysis Division at Eglin AFB, uses a CAD-based image matching technique to calculate a 6DOF trajectory of a store separation event. The system has been used successfully for single camera release sequences, but needed to be extended for multi-camera releases. This is vital for bomber missions where several cameras are needed to cover a store separation event.

      Hedricks, Michael J.; Sussex, Jeff; Streich, Ronald G.; Vandenberg AFB (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2006-10)
      The transition of PCM recording from analog to digital recorders was completed at many test ranges more than a decade ago as marked by delivery of data on S-VHS tape, CD-ROM, DVD, ZIP disc, JAZ disc, 8mm tape and DLT tape for low rate data and D-1 cassettes for high rate data. Data then quickly began distribution via the internet and other networks. Analog recorders have remained a necessary legacy for the long transition to convert from analog to digital (PCM) data transmission from the test vehicles. However, the new digital recorder capabilities have removed this requirement to convert the transmissions from the test vehicle. Analog signal and predetection recording on digital recorders has been successfully demonstrated at costs below the existing analog recorders. Application of new techniques in a methodical transition program to the new digital recorders has proven the many benefits of recording wider bandwidths with excellent repeatability. Repeatability issues are primarily in the very low error sources of the processing system because the major analog error sources of the analog tape recorders, analog time code readers, analog demodulators, etc have been greatly reduced. This paper provides test results of recording higher signal rates and bandwidths of the new programs and describes the techniques and implementation through procedures of the Western Range transition from analog to digital recorders. Surprising results show predetection and analog signal recording costs are nearly the same as PCM recording costs due to the price of deliverable media with respect to mission recording requirements.

      Leftwich, Thomas E.; Edwards AFB (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2006-10)
      The purpose of the Personnel/Equipment Tracking System (P/ETS) is to provide ground safety and real-time surveillance awareness of all personnel and equipment authorized entry to the Edwards AFB Precision Impact Bombing and Laser Test Ranges. This includes multiple hazardous sites within an area that encompasses approximately 140 square miles. The P/ETS utilizes an off-the-shelf Global Positioning System (GPSFlight) which provides full-time tracking and display of all on-board transmitter-equipped elements. A line-of-sight wireless-to-fiber network system is employed to acquire and transport positional data to display systems within the range safety control tower. Utilization of P/ETS has indicated accurate tracking display in real time, particular advantages for night time operations, prevention of hazardous area intrusion, and relocation of miss-oriented personnel. This system is an economical solution for meeting the ground safety requirements within the confines of the Precision Impact Bombing and Laser Test Ranges.

      Hicks, William T.; IMET Corporation (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2006-10)
      Most modern digital filtering is done by taking the average (mean) of a signal or some weighted average. Another method is to use feedback, which more closely resembles how analog filters with feedback operate. In the case of low pass filters, all these methods tend to give a trade off in getting the signal to pass while attenuating the higher frequency noise. An alternative is to use a median filter, which selects the mid value of a group of points. While this is not as computationally simple as other filters, it allows for the attenuation of noise while allowing sudden changes in signal level to pass thru unaltered. This paper discusses the characteristics of median filters and methods of implementing them.
    • Best Source Selection on Encrypted Data

      Guadiana, Juan M.; White Sands Missile Range (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2006-10)
      The size of the range at White Sands means multiple acquisition sites are needed to properly cover a typical vehicle trajectory. As vehicle complexity increase, the need for robust acquisition grows. Multiple acquisition sites are needed to provide as complete coverage as practical. Space Diversity combining would provide a single composite source for all the displays and recording, but this is not practical due to the large distances between acquisition sites. Instead a composite is made from the various sites by correlation on non-encrypted (or decrypted) data. The previous best source selector, a frame synch histogrammer, could produce encrypted and decrypted composites. Some of our customers have missed the encrypted composites, hence the subject is revisited to encourage development. This paper reviews post decryption correlation and then focuses on correlating on encrypted data. The encryption serves to eliminate the ambiguities that are inherent in decrypted (nonencrypted) signals. So, it may be possible to accomplish this with a small correlator. The expected performance would be similar to that of correlated composites on decrypted or unencrypted data. The typical configuration would be considerably smaller as well since only two decrypters would be needed. One decrypter alone would be insufficient and could not resolve the case where only one site has data and the remaining sites have noise. When there is no correlation the correct site cannot be resolved. Testing these compositing methods is also discussed, as a good test method also provides insight on how the compositor should work.
    • The Army’s Way Ahead Challenge: Enterprise Architecture as an Essential Tool to Support the Army’s Transformation Effort

      Mezquita, Fernando; Electronic Proving Ground (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2006-10)
      This article explores the development and use of enterprise architecture as an important tool to support the Army in its effort to strive toward new goals and improve performance. The term enterprise architecture is used to refer to a comprehensive description of all of the key elements and relationships that make up the enterprise operational capabilities, and gain important short- and long-term benefits.
    • Translation of L and S Band Tracking Assets to X Band High Dynamic Testing

      Winstead, Michael (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2006-10)
      Recent Constraints on the use of L and S band spectrum led to the search for additional Frequency Domain Bandwidth augmentation for test range telemetry needs. The ITU (International Telecommunications Union) approved X band region is listed as 7000 MHz to 8500 MHz for telemetry space applications. Bandwidth is available within this domain subject to the WARC (World Administrative Radio Consortium) approvals. This paper describes tests and presents results illustrating methodology that is available, and which can be used for conversion of S-band assets to the X band spectral region.

      Grace, Thomas; Roach, John; Naval Air Systems Command; Teletronics Technology Corporation (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2006-10)
      CTEIP has launched the integrated Network Enhanced Telemetry (iNET) project to foster advances in networking and telemetry technology to meet emerging needs of major test programs as well as within the Major Range and Test Facility Base’s. This paper describes one objective of the vNET concept demonstration to provide a test vehicle instrumentation network architecture that can support additional capabilities for data access to the test vehicle. Specifically, this paper addresses the expansion of the current concept demonstration with the incorporation of the IEEE- 1588 standard as the basis for a network time distribution mechanism. Near-term network-based data acquisition systems will likely consist of a mix of standard IRIG 106 timekeeping and IEEE- 1588 timekeeping; in this paper we will examine the ramifications of using the two approaches with the same test vehicle instrumentation system.

      Lee, Jung Kyu; De Flaviis, Franco; University of California, Irvine (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2006-10)
      In this paper, we propose a dual-band switched beam system operating at 4.05 and 7.4 GHz. This system comprise of a dual frequency Butler matrix feeding a microstrip antenna array. Very good agreement is shown between measured and simulated data. The system can provide a tilted beam of ±13° and ±48° at the lowest frequency band and ±9° and ±27° at the higher frequency band.

      Rogers, Derek; University of South Australia (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2006-10)
      This paper presents a case study of the commercialisation of an ad-hoc wireless network technology from a subsidiary of a multinational company. The paper does not disclose any intellectual property specifics, the organisations or individuals involved. Instead the paper focuses on generic issues associated with technology transfer; exploration of market opportunities, market validation, the identification of a novel business model and economic validation. The paper wraps the case study within the academic context of commercialisation providing substantive literature sources, tools and techniques for readers faced with similar challenges; tools and techniques that can be applied irrespective of the underlying technology.

      Sousa, Lucas Benedito dos Reis; Leite, Nelson Paiva Oliveira; Walter, Fernando; Cunha, Wagner Chiepa; CTA - Grupo Especial de Ensaios em Vôo; ITA - Divisão de Eletrônica (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2006-10)
      A novel Automation System for the Flight Test Laboratory (SALEV) is developed in full compliance with EA-4/02 Standard (i.e. Expression of the Uncertainty of Measurement in Calibration) to compute the uncertainty of the measurement at the calibration laboratory of the Flight Tests Group (GEEV). The GEEV performs flight test campaigns to certificate and/or develop aircrafts and its systems. Then, flight tests instrumentation (FTI) systems are developed and installed in the test bed. The FTI data acquisition complies with IRIG Standard. The FTI is composed by a data acquisition system, which performs signal conditioning, sampling and quantization of all measurements provided by a set of transducers. All parameters are coded in a PCM format and represented in a non-dimensional numerical form (i.e. counts).To allow the establishment of a relation between the non-dimensional form and the physical quantity, a calibration process is carried out to provide the coefficients of a calibration curve. This process is also used to determine the systematic and random errors (i.e. the uncertainty). The accuracy and reliability of calibration process should comply with the requirements, which are customized for each flight test campaign. The satisfactory performance of the SALEV calibration process is achieved by automation in all steps. The SALEV development is presented, which includes the following steps: · Database definition; · Study of all steps and parts that forms the calibration process (i.e. from transducer to final uncertainty determination) to determine its associated uncertainties; · Automation of the entire calibration process (including the process itself up to the effective control of standard and instruments); · Development of algorithms to compute the uncertainty compliant with EA 4/02; and · System validation in compliance with ISO/IEC 17025. As result of the SALEV operation, it could be verified that measurement quality was improved, and the required time for calibration was substantially reduced. Also the standardization of this process allows failures forecast due to aging of systems parameters (i.e. bias).
    • IEEE1588 – A solution for synchronization of networked data acquisition systems?

      Corry, Diarmuid; ACRA CONTROL INC (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2006-10)
      One of the problems for manufacturers and users of flight test data acquisition equipment, is to guarantee synchronization between multiple units acquiring data on the vehicle. Past solutions have involved proprietary interconnects and multiple wire installations increasing weight and complexity and reducing inter-operation of units. This problem has become particularly important given the trend towards commercial busses, especially Ethernet, as a system interconnect. The IEEE1588 standard offers a way to transmitting time accurately over Ethernet. This paper discusses the standard, how it might be implemented, and examines the issues involved in adopting this standard for flight test data acquisition. A particular implementation that results in a synchronized four-wire Ethernet based distributed data acquisition system is discussed in section 3.

      Huang, Heng; Legarsky, Justin; Lei, Qiang; University of Missouri-Columbia; Brigham Young University (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2006-10)
      Radar echo sounders provide a safe, inexpensive and effective means of obtaining ice sheet thickness. As the roughness of ice surface/subsurface depends on the radio wavelength, wideband radar sensors can provide flexibility for ice thickness measurement under areas with various surface conditions. This paper presents the design of a digitally controllable wideband microwave receiver for a potential radar sounding system. Its radio frequency (RF) frequency ranges from 50 to 500 MHz, while the intermediate frequency (IF) bandwidth is 20 MHz. The receiver provides eight channels for different RF band choices, as well as a number of convenient gain settings. Testing measurements have also been conducted to verify the design requirements.
    • !a_waste_of_time

      Creel, Larry; Torres, Miguel; White Sands Missile Range (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2006-10)
      Time has always been the elusive fourth dimension - until now. Using a common programming language and a network-to-PCM interface, the power to generate time codes is facilitated using a non-traditional approach. This novel approach to time simulation addresses the common conundrums concerning time code simulation and testing. Practical applications will be discussed along with an intriguing technical demonstration.