Rice, Michael; Nelson, Tom; Brigham Young University (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2006-10)
      Motivated by the success of the ARTM Tier-1 modulation known as Shaped Offset QPSK, this paper examines whether improved spectral efficiency can be achieved using an a Shaped Offset 8PSK. Three possible interpretations of this question are examined and it is shown that there does not appear to be a shaped offset 8-PSK in the context of aeronautical telemetry.

      Dawson, Dan; Wyle Laboratories, Telemetry and Data Systems (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2006-10)
      This paper describes an adaptive data management architecture capable of supporting order-of-magnitude data volume increases without a priori knowledge of data structures. The architecture allows users to generate and maintain data in optimal legacy formats while managing and extracting information with common analysis tools. This paper shows how an object-oriented data management system can manage both data and the knowledge imparted to the data by users.
    • Cognitive Ad-hoc Wireless Networks

      Kosbar, Kurt; Panagos, Adam; Telemetry Learning Center (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2006-10)
      Spectrum allocation in wireless communication and telemetry systems of the future may be performed in a dynamic and distributed manner, as opposed to static centralized regulations currently in place. This paper surveys a new area of research in the communications field known as cognitive radio which will allow dynamic sharing of spectral bands. An introduction to cognitive radio, a review of existing research results, and discussion of open problems in the area is provided.
    • The Army’s Way Ahead Challenge: Enterprise Architecture as an Essential Tool to Support the Army’s Transformation Effort

      Mezquita, Fernando; Electronic Proving Ground (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2006-10)
      This article explores the development and use of enterprise architecture as an important tool to support the Army in its effort to strive toward new goals and improve performance. The term enterprise architecture is used to refer to a comprehensive description of all of the key elements and relationships that make up the enterprise operational capabilities, and gain important short- and long-term benefits.

      Doonan, Daniel; Fu, Tricia; Utley, Chris; Iltis, Ronald; Kastner, Ryan; Lee, Hua; University of California, Santa Barbara (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2006-10)
      This paper describes the design and successful development of an acoustic modem for potential use in underwater ecological sensor networks. The presentation includes theoretical study, design and development of both software and hardware, laboratory experiments, full-scale field tests, and the documentation and analysis of field-test results.

      Grace, Thomas; Roach, John; Naval Air Systems Command; Teletronics Technology Corporation (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2006-10)
      CTEIP has launched the integrated Network Enhanced Telemetry (iNET) project to foster advances in networking and telemetry technology to meet emerging needs of major test programs as well as within the Major Range and Test Facility Base’s. This paper describes one objective of the vNET concept demonstration to provide a test vehicle instrumentation network architecture that can support additional capabilities for data access to the test vehicle. Specifically, this paper addresses the expansion of the current concept demonstration with the incorporation of the IEEE- 1588 standard as the basis for a network time distribution mechanism. Near-term network-based data acquisition systems will likely consist of a mix of standard IRIG 106 timekeeping and IEEE- 1588 timekeeping; in this paper we will examine the ramifications of using the two approaches with the same test vehicle instrumentation system.
    • !a_waste_of_time

      Creel, Larry; Torres, Miguel; White Sands Missile Range (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2006-10)
      Time has always been the elusive fourth dimension - until now. Using a common programming language and a network-to-PCM interface, the power to generate time codes is facilitated using a non-traditional approach. This novel approach to time simulation addresses the common conundrums concerning time code simulation and testing. Practical applications will be discussed along with an intriguing technical demonstration.

      Sousa, Lucas Benedito dos Reis; Leite, Nelson Paiva Oliveira; Walter, Fernando; Cunha, Wagner Chiepa; CTA - Grupo Especial de Ensaios em Vôo; ITA - Divisão de Eletrônica (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2006-10)
      A novel Automation System for the Flight Test Laboratory (SALEV) is developed in full compliance with EA-4/02 Standard (i.e. Expression of the Uncertainty of Measurement in Calibration) to compute the uncertainty of the measurement at the calibration laboratory of the Flight Tests Group (GEEV). The GEEV performs flight test campaigns to certificate and/or develop aircrafts and its systems. Then, flight tests instrumentation (FTI) systems are developed and installed in the test bed. The FTI data acquisition complies with IRIG Standard. The FTI is composed by a data acquisition system, which performs signal conditioning, sampling and quantization of all measurements provided by a set of transducers. All parameters are coded in a PCM format and represented in a non-dimensional numerical form (i.e. counts).To allow the establishment of a relation between the non-dimensional form and the physical quantity, a calibration process is carried out to provide the coefficients of a calibration curve. This process is also used to determine the systematic and random errors (i.e. the uncertainty). The accuracy and reliability of calibration process should comply with the requirements, which are customized for each flight test campaign. The satisfactory performance of the SALEV calibration process is achieved by automation in all steps. The SALEV development is presented, which includes the following steps: · Database definition; · Study of all steps and parts that forms the calibration process (i.e. from transducer to final uncertainty determination) to determine its associated uncertainties; · Automation of the entire calibration process (including the process itself up to the effective control of standard and instruments); · Development of algorithms to compute the uncertainty compliant with EA 4/02; and · System validation in compliance with ISO/IEC 17025. As result of the SALEV operation, it could be verified that measurement quality was improved, and the required time for calibration was substantially reduced. Also the standardization of this process allows failures forecast due to aging of systems parameters (i.e. bias).

      Heath, Doug; Polluconi, Marty; Samad, Flora; RT Logic Incorporated (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2006-10)
      As the rates and numbers of serial telemetry data streams increase, the cost of timely, efficient and robust distribution of those streams increases faster. Without alternatives to traditional pointto- point serial distribution, the complexity of the infrastructure will soon overwhelm potential benefits of the increased stream counts and rates. Utilization of multiplexing algorithms in Field- Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGA), coupled with universally available Internet Protocol (IP) switching technology, provides a low-latency, time-data correlated multi-stream distribution solution. This implementation has yielded zero error IP transport and regeneration of multiple serial streams, maintaining stream to stream skew of less than 10 nsec, with end-to-end latency contribution of less than 15 msec. Adoption of this technique as a drop-in solution can greatly reduce the costs and complexities of maintaining pace with the changing serial telemetry community.

      Tian, Hai; Trojak, Tom; Jones, Charles H.; Teletronics Technology Corporation; Edwards Air Force Base (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2006-10)
      This paper presents a practical implementation of a hardware design for transmission of data over aircraft power lines. The intent of such hardware is to significantly reduce the wiring in the aircraft instrumentation system. The potential usages of this technology include pulse code modulation (PCM), Ethernet and other forms data communications. Details of the fieldprogrammable gate array (FPGA) and printed circuit board (PCB) designs of the digital and analog front end will be discussed. The power line is not designed for data transmission. It contains considerable noise, multipath effects, and time varying impedance. Spectral analysis data of an aircraft is presented to indicate the difficulty of the problem at hand. A robust modulation is required to overcome the harsh environment and to provide reliable transmission. Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) has been used in power line communication industry with a great deal of success. OFDM has been deemed the most appropriate technology for high-speed data transmission on aircraft power lines. Additionally, forward error correction (FEC) techniques are discussed.

      Wickert, Mark; Samad, Shaheen; Butler, Bryan; University of Colorado at Colorado Springs; Real-Time Logic Inc. (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2006-10)
      Many satellite payloads require wide-band channels for transmission of large amounts of data to users on the ground. These channels typically have substantial distortions, including bandlimiting distortions and high power amplifier (HPA) nonlinearities that cause substantial degradation of bit error rate performance compared to additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN) scenarios. An adaptive equalization algorithm has been selected as the solution to improving bit error rate performance in the presence of these channel distortions. This paper describes the design and implementation of an adaptive baseband equalizer (ABBE) utilizing the latest FPGA technology. Implementation of the design was arrived at by first constructing a high fidelity channel simulation model, which incorporates worst-case signal impairments over the entire data link. All of the modem digital signal processing functions, including multirate carrier and symbol synchronization, are modeled, in addition to the adaptive complex baseband equalizer. Different feedback and feed-forward tap combinations are considered as part of the design optimization.

      Lee, Hua; Chin, Maurice; Clark, Nicholas; Dunne, Fiona; University of California, Santa Barbara (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2006-10)
      Drivers’ visibility is an area of automobile safety that has seen very limited improvement over the past several decades. Limited visibility is responsible for many car accidents all across America. Mirrors require constant readjustment, and are easily blocked. There is currently a lot of interest in ways to reduce or eliminate all mirrors on a car, and one such method is through a wide-angle network of cameras mounted on the vehicle’s rear. Using real-time video processing, the data from several cameras can be spliced together, and displayed on a vehicle’s dashboard in an intuitive, easy to understand fashion that a driver can quickly see without having to turn away from the road. This has extensive application to light armored vehicles in the military, as well as to automotive designers today.

      Clark, Nicholas; Dunne, Fiona; Lee, Michael; Lee, Hua; University of California, Santa Barbara (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2006-10)
      This paper describes the concept of wide-angle coverage optical vision system integrated with guidance support of microwave or acoustical imaging arrays. The objective is to provide the capability of effective high-resolution full-view monitoring and sensing. The optical component, formed by a multi-camera array, is responsible for the main interface with human users. The acoustical and microwave arrays are integrated, allowing the system to function in the event-triggered modality for optimal efficiency. In this paper, the arrays discussed are in circular configurations. With minor modification, the system can also function with linear array configurations.

      Xiangwu, Gao; Juan, Lin; Zhengguang, He; Beijing Institute of Astronautical Systems Engineering; China Academy of Launch Vehicle Technology (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2006-10)
      XX launch vehicle has been flying onboard video system which includes video cameras, data compression devices and channel switch device for the second Chinese spaceflight. The camera is a PAL analog camera that been sampled and compressed by compression device. The compressed digital video data is combined with telemetry data into the telemetry radio channel. Lighting is provided by sunlight, or a light has been equipped when sunlight is unavailable. IRIG-B timing is used to correlate the video with other vehicle telemetry. The video system’s influences to the vehicle flight have been decreased to minimum.

      Schultz, Stephen; Selfridge, Richard; Newman, Jason; Brigham Young University (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2006-10)
      In this paper we will present a new fiber sensor integrated monitor (FSIM) to be used in an embedded instrumentation system (EIS). The proposed system consists of a super luminescent diode (SLD) as a broadband source, a novel high speed tunable MEMS filter with built in photodetector, and an integrated microprocessor for data aggregation, processing, and transmission. As an example, the system has been calibrated with an array of surface relief fiber Bragg gratings (SR-FBG) for high speed, high temperature monitoring. The entire system was built on a single breadboard less than 50 cm² in area.

      Chaildin, Mark; Inter-Coastal Electronics (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2006-10)
      For several decades, the military has used the Multiple Integrated Laser Engagement System (MILES) with a series of iR sensors along a belt fastened to a vehicle for training and simulation. Now, an alternative to this legacy system, a solar rechargeable battery powered wireless IR sensor is replacing wired sensors. The use of short-range RF communications network, allows the MILES sensors strategic placement about a combat vehicle without the umbilical cabling normally required for power and signal coupling from the players processing unit. The RF network operates in the 340 to 380 MHz band, has channeling capability of over 1600 channels, and coexists with the vehicles on board high-powered radios without interference. The wireless sensor implements a custom designed IR sensing amplifier, designed for maximum sensitivity and minimal power dissipation, along with advanced semiconductor IC’s for signal processing and power conversion. Solar recharging enables the sensor to operate for extended time, on a single battery that should last for years without replacement. A proprietary software protocol, developed for communication integrity, is a critical part of the overall system and supports other sensor types and control elements with low data rates for a wireless Vehicle Area Network. The system, successfully installed on several military training platforms, proves to be a viable product for military training and simulation systems for the 21st century.

      Morrison, Thomas M.; JT3, Edwards AFB (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2006-10)
      Telemetry data are usually collected for analysis at some later time and can be monitored to follow the progress of a test. In the case of an Air Data System the signals from the sensors are sent to a computer that calculates the air data parameters for use on multiple LabView-generated displays, as well as to the Data Acquisition System. The readouts on the multiple displays need to be real-time so they are useful to the flight crew. Equations that control the different air data values are determined by what telemetry data are available and the preference of those doing the test planning. These systems need to display the information in a format useful to the flight crew and be reliable.
    • Wireless Sensor System for Airborne Applications

      Berdugo, Albert; Grossman, Hy; Schofield, Nicole; Musteric, Steven; Teletronics Technology Corporation; Eglin Air Force Base (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2006-10)
      Adding an instrumentation / telemetry system to a test vehicle has historically required an intrusive installation for wiring and powering all elements of the system from the sensor to the telemetry transmitter. In some applications there is need for a flexible and modular instrumentation and telemetry system that can be installed with minimal intrusiveness on an aircraft without the need for permanent modifications. Such an application may benefit from the use of a miniaturized, inexpensive network of wireless sensors. This network will communicate its data to a central unit installed within the aircraft. This paper describes recent efforts associated with the Advanced Subminiature Telemetry System (ASMT) Initial Test Capability Project. It discusses the challenges in developing a wireless sensor network system for use in an airborne environment. These include selection of frequencies, COTS wireless devices, batteries, system synchronization, data bandwidth calculations, and mechanical structure for external installation. The paper will also describe the wireless network architecture as well as the architecture of the wireless sensor and the central control unit.

      Andzik, Rob; Brans, Charles (Chuck) N.; RT Logic Inc. (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2006-10)
      Today Ranges are faced with the typical dilemma of doing more with less—less money, less time, and less experienced range personnel. Meanwhile, Ranges are being forced to make their operations more efficient in use of time, money, and functionality. As a result, Ranges are looking for automated ways to remotely configure and operate their tracking stations and to provide interoperability between ranges, sites, and equipment. RT Logic worked with numerous range operators and equipment vendors to create an open software architecture that provides rapid device configuration, equipment status at a glance, and automatic fault detection and isolation. RT Logic’s architecture utilizes the CORBA specification to achieve extensibility and scalability for future range requirements. Adoption of this architecture and approach will reduce costs, time, and mistakes.

      Gargasz, John; DRS CODEM SYSTEMS, INC. (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2006-10)
      There is a growing demand for an affordable Satellite Communications On-The-Move (COTM) Antenna system to serve Military and high commercial requirements. Current COTM architectures do not meet the Government’s price point objectives and thus are not effective production solutions. DRS Codem Systems has developed an affordable COTM the move antenna system architecture that meets the market price point while maintaining superior technical performance. The core elements of the architecture include: low-cost antenna reflector technology, integrated navigation sensors, integrated antenna control electronics with intelligent sensor fusion, maximum use of COTS components and an overall design intended to meet MILSpec environments. We have also selected X-band as the initial band for operation enabling a low-cost design and reliable network performance.