• International Telemetering Conference Proceedings, Volume 42 (2006)

      International Foundation for Telemetering, 2006-10
    • DESIGN AND EXPERIMENTATION WITH A SOFTWARE-DEFINED ACOUSTIC TELEMETRY MODEM

      Doonan, Daniel; Fu, Tricia; Utley, Chris; Iltis, Ronald; Kastner, Ryan; Lee, Hua; University of California, Santa Barbara (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2006-10)
      This paper describes the design and successful development of an acoustic modem for potential use in underwater ecological sensor networks. The presentation includes theoretical study, design and development of both software and hardware, laboratory experiments, full-scale field tests, and the documentation and analysis of field-test results.
    • NETWORK DATA ACQUISITION AND PLAYBACK OF MULTIMEDIA DATA

      Portnoy, Michael; Yang, Hsueh-Szu; Teletronics Technology Corporation (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2006-10)
      Traditional data acquisition systems have relied on physical connections between data sources and data receivers to handle the routing of acquired data streams. However, these systems grow exponentially in complexity as the number of data sources and receivers increases. New techniques are needed to address the ever increasing complexity of data acquisition. Furthermore, more advanced mechanisms are needed that move past the limitations of traditional data models that connect each data source to exactly one data receiver. This paper presents a software framework for the playback of multiplexed data acquired from a network acquisition system. This framework uses multicast technologies to connect data sources with multiple data receivers. The network acquisition system is briefly introduced before the software framework is discussed. Both the challenges and advantages involved with creating such a system are presented. Finally, this framework is applied to an aviation telemetry example.
    • MANAGING MULTI-VENDOR INSTRUMENTATION SYSTEMS WITH ABSTRACTION MODELS

      Lockard, Michael T.; Garling, James A. Jr; EMC Corporation, Solutions Engineering Group (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2006-10)
      The quantity and types of measurements and measurement instrumentation required for a test are growing. This paper describes a methodology to define and program multi-vendor instrumentation using abstraction models in a database that allows new instrumentation to be defined rapidly. This allows users to support multiple vendors’ systems while using a common user interface to define instrumentation networks, bus catalogs, measurements, pulse code modulated (PCM) formats, and data processing requirements.
    • DataProbeCLASSIC - A NEW VERSION OF THE CLASSIC DATA-ANALYSIS TOOL

      McCormick, John; Ferrill, Paul; Avionics Test and Analysis Corporation (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2006-10)
      DataProbeCLASSIC is the new PC-based version of the classic tool for telemetry data analysis and visualization. DataProbe was the brainchild of the Unites States Navy and its contractors. At a time when computer terminals were expensive and graphical visualization of data was cutting edge, this software product was specifically designed to process time-series data in an efficient manner. The primary strength of DataProbe is the capability to read specific data items for specific time slices from very large data files rather than reading the entire data file into memory. The efficiency and versatility of the product was quickly noted, and it gained widespread use within the testing community. This paper presents a brief history of the legacy product and discusses the features and strengths of new implementation.
    • METADATA FOR RANGE TELEMETRY

      Grace, Thomas; Fink, Clay; Naval Air Systems Command; John Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2006-10)
      CTEIP has launched the integrated Network Enhanced Telemetry (iNET) project to foster advances in networking and telemetry technology to meet emerging needs of major test programs. This paper describes an approach for providing a unified means of describing telemetry systems. It will describe the motivation and framework for a metadata standard for specifying the components of an instrumented test article, its data and the flow of data through a telemetry system. The paper will also describe how this metadata standard can provide the means for describing different transmission formats for a common test article. The result of the task described by this paper will lead to a standard or set of standards that will optimize the use of commercial technology and tools.
    • HIGH-PERFORMANCE FULL-VIEW VISION SYSTEM WITH GUIDANCE SUPPORT OF ACOUSTIC AND MICROWAVE ARRAYS

      Clark, Nicholas; Dunne, Fiona; Lee, Michael; Lee, Hua; University of California, Santa Barbara (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2006-10)
      This paper describes the concept of wide-angle coverage optical vision system integrated with guidance support of microwave or acoustical imaging arrays. The objective is to provide the capability of effective high-resolution full-view monitoring and sensing. The optical component, formed by a multi-camera array, is responsible for the main interface with human users. The acoustical and microwave arrays are integrated, allowing the system to function in the event-triggered modality for optimal efficiency. In this paper, the arrays discussed are in circular configurations. With minor modification, the system can also function with linear array configurations.
    • AN IMPLEMENTATION OF DYNAMIC DATA ACQUISITION MEASUREMENTS

      Pesciotta, Eric; Portnoy, Michael; Teletronics Technology Corporation (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2006-10)
      As data acquisition systems evolve and begin utilizing new avenues of acquisition such as Ethernet, an entirely new range of flight test capabilities become available. These new capabilities, defined by acquisition, monitoring, and varying of test measurements, enhance previous operation as they can now be realized during flight. Achieving such high levels of integration between ground station and test vehicle involves complex network protocols. Implementing such systems from scratch would be a time consuming and costly proposition. Fortunately, employing Internet protocols (TCP/IP) over Ethernet provides a cornucopia of readily available technology. Using state-of-the-art integration techniques, modern data acquisition systems can leverage years of proven technology offered by the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) and the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C). This paper discusses an implementation of dynamic data acquisition measurements for use in network data acquisition systems. The methodology used to determine whether or not a measurement can and should be variable during a flight test is examined in detail along with a discussion of the advantages of dynamically varying flight test measurements. Finally, an implementation is presented which successfully integrates Internet protocols with modern flight test equipment using the techniques described above for dynamic data acquisition measurements.
    • INTEGRATED CAMERAS AS A REPLACEMENT FOR VEHICULAR MIRRORS

      Lee, Hua; Chin, Maurice; Clark, Nicholas; Dunne, Fiona; University of California, Santa Barbara (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2006-10)
      Drivers’ visibility is an area of automobile safety that has seen very limited improvement over the past several decades. Limited visibility is responsible for many car accidents all across America. Mirrors require constant readjustment, and are easily blocked. There is currently a lot of interest in ways to reduce or eliminate all mirrors on a car, and one such method is through a wide-angle network of cameras mounted on the vehicle’s rear. Using real-time video processing, the data from several cameras can be spliced together, and displayed on a vehicle’s dashboard in an intuitive, easy to understand fashion that a driver can quickly see without having to turn away from the road. This has extensive application to light armored vehicles in the military, as well as to automotive designers today.
    • CHAPTER 10 RECORDING STANDARD UPDATE

      Lockard, Michael T.; Garling, James A. Jr; EMC Corporation, Solutions Engineering Group (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2006-10)
      The IRIG 106 Chapter 10 Standard has evolved significantly since its inception. This paper covers the background, technology, status, users, supporting vendors and future considerations such as ground-based recording and archiving. Also covered are samples of toolsets available for troubleshooting, validation, data processing and display of Chapter 10 data
    • IDAPS MULTI-CAMERA STORE SEPARATION ANALYSIS USING CAD-BASED MODELING

      Paulick, Michael J.; TYBRIN Corporation; Eglin Air Force Base (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2006-10)
      The Image Data Automated Processing System (IDAPS), developed by the 96th Communications Group Test and Analysis Division at Eglin AFB, uses a CAD-based image matching technique to calculate a 6DOF trajectory of a store separation event. The system has been used successfully for single camera release sequences, but needed to be extended for multi-camera releases. This is vital for bomber missions where several cameras are needed to cover a store separation event.
    • SIMULATION OF THE AERONAUTICAL RADIO CHANNEL FOR TELEMETRY APPLICATIONS

      Dean, Richard; Mwangi, Patricia A. W.; Haj-Omar, Amr; Montaque, Kishan; Morgan State University (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2006-10)
      The aeronautical channel is an air to ground channel characterized by multipath, high doppler shifts, Rayleigh fading and noise. Use of a channel sounder ensures proper estimation of the parameters associated with the impulse response of the channel. These estimates help us to characterize the radio channels associated with aeronautical telemetry. In order to have a satisfactory channel characterization, the amplitudes, phase shifts and delays associated with each multipath component in the channel model must be determined.
    • Wireless Sensor System for Airborne Applications

      Berdugo, Albert; Grossman, Hy; Schofield, Nicole; Musteric, Steven; Teletronics Technology Corporation; Eglin Air Force Base (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2006-10)
      Adding an instrumentation / telemetry system to a test vehicle has historically required an intrusive installation for wiring and powering all elements of the system from the sensor to the telemetry transmitter. In some applications there is need for a flexible and modular instrumentation and telemetry system that can be installed with minimal intrusiveness on an aircraft without the need for permanent modifications. Such an application may benefit from the use of a miniaturized, inexpensive network of wireless sensors. This network will communicate its data to a central unit installed within the aircraft. This paper describes recent efforts associated with the Advanced Subminiature Telemetry System (ASMT) Initial Test Capability Project. It discusses the challenges in developing a wireless sensor network system for use in an airborne environment. These include selection of frequencies, COTS wireless devices, batteries, system synchronization, data bandwidth calculations, and mechanical structure for external installation. The paper will also describe the wireless network architecture as well as the architecture of the wireless sensor and the central control unit.
    • LAUNCH VEHICLE EXHAUST PLASMA / PLUME EFFECTS ON GROUND TELEMETRY RECEPTION, STARS FT-04-1

      McWhorter, Mark; Honeywell Aerospace Electronic Systems (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2006-10)
      This paper discusses the effect of vehicle exhaust plasma/plume on the ability to receive telemetered data via an S-band RF link. The data presented herein were captured during the launch of the STARS FT-04-1 on February 23, 2006 from Kodiak Launch Center, Kodiak, Alaska using Alaska Aerospace Development Corporation’s (AADC) Range Safety and Telemetry System (RSTS), designed and integrated by Honeywell.
    • AUTOMATIC RANGE EQUIPMENT SETUP AND CONTROL

      Andzik, Rob; Brans, Charles (Chuck) N.; RT Logic Inc. (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2006-10)
      Today Ranges are faced with the typical dilemma of doing more with less—less money, less time, and less experienced range personnel. Meanwhile, Ranges are being forced to make their operations more efficient in use of time, money, and functionality. As a result, Ranges are looking for automated ways to remotely configure and operate their tracking stations and to provide interoperability between ranges, sites, and equipment. RT Logic worked with numerous range operators and equipment vendors to create an open software architecture that provides rapid device configuration, equipment status at a glance, and automatic fault detection and isolation. RT Logic’s architecture utilizes the CORBA specification to achieve extensibility and scalability for future range requirements. Adoption of this architecture and approach will reduce costs, time, and mistakes.
    • A Time Correlated Approach to Adaptable Digital Filtering

      Grossman, Hy; Pellarin, Steve; Teletronics Technology Corporation (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2006-10)
      Signal conditioning is a critical element in all data telemetry systems. Data from all sensors must be band limited prior to digitization and transmission to prevent the potentially disastrous effects of aliasing. While the 6th order analog low-pass Butterworth filter has long been the de facto standard for data channel filtering, advances in digital signal processing techniques now provide a potentially better alternative. This paper describes the challenges in developing a flexible approach to adaptable data channel filtering using DSP techniques. Factors such as anti-alias filter requirements, time correlated sampling, decimation and filter delays will be discussed. Also discussed will be the implementation and relative merits and drawbacks of various symmetrical FIR and IIR filters. The discussion will be presented from an intuitive and practical perspective as much as possible.
    • Unscented Filter for OFDM Joint Frequency Offset and Channel Estimation

      Iltis, Ronald A.; University of California (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2006-10)
      OFDM is a preferred physical layer for an increasing number of telemetry and LAN applications. However, joint estimation of the multipath channel and frequency offset in OFDM remains a challenging problem. The Unscented Kalman Filter (UKF) is presented to solve the offset/channel tracking problem. The advantages of the UKF are that it is less susceptible to divergence than the EKF, and does not require computation of a Jacobian matrix. A hybrid analysis/simulation approach is developed to rapidly evaluate UKF performance in terms of symbol-error rate and channel/offset error for the 802.11a OFDM format.
    • MINING IRIG-106 CHAPTER 10 AND HDF-5 DATA

      Lockard, Michael T.; Rajagopalan, R.; Garling, James A.; EMC Corporation, Solutions Engineering Group (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2006-10)
      Rapid access to ever-increasing amounts of test data is becoming a problem. The authors have developed a data-mining methodology solution approach to provide a solution to catalog test files, search metadata attributes to derive test data files of interest, and query test data measurements using a web-based engine to produce results in seconds. Generated graphs allow the user to visualize an overview of the entire test for a selected set of measurements, with areas highlighted where the query conditions were satisfied. The user can then zoom into areas of interest and export selected information.
    • REFERENCE DESIGN FOR A SQUADRON LEVEL DATA ARCHIVAL SYSTEM

      Ferrill, Paul; Avionics Test and Analysis Corporation (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2006-10)
      As more aircraft are fitted with solid state memory recording systems, the need for a large data archival storage system becomes increasingly important. In addition, there is a need to keep classified and unclassified data separate but available to the aircrews for training and debriefing along with some type of system for cataloging and searching for specific missions. This paper will present a novel approach along with a reference design for using commercially available hardware and software and a minimal amount of custom programming to help address these issues.
    • JOINT INTERFERENCE SUPPRESSION AND QRD-M DETECTION FOR SPATIAL MULTIPLEXING MIMO SYSTEMS IN A RAYLEIGH FADING CHANNEL

      Tsai, Chiou-Wei; Cagley, Richard E.; Iltis, Ronald A.; University of California; Toyon Research Corporation (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2006-10)
      Spatial multiplexing (SM) systems have received significant attention because the architecture offers high spectral efficiency. However, relatively little research exists on optimization of SM systems in the presence of jamming. In a spatially uncoded SM system, such as V-BLAST, the channel state information is assumed to be unavailable a priori at both transmitter and receiver. Here, Kalman filtering is used to estimate the Rayleigh fading channel at the receiver. The spatial correlation of the jammer plus noise is also estimated, and spatial whitening to reject the jammers is employed in both the Kalman channel estimator and detector. To avoid the exponential complexity of maximum-likelihood (ML) detection, the QRD-M algorithm is employed. In contrast to sphere decoding, QRD-M has fixed decoding complexity of order O(M), and is thus attractive for hardware implementation. The performance of the joint Kalman filter channel estimator, spatial whitener and QRD-M detector is verfied by simulations.