• ENCRYPTED CORRELATING SOURCE SELECTOR

      Reid, Eric; RT Logic Inc. (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2006-10)
      Modern telemetry and data streams are often encrypted. The majority of range testing activities require multiple ground stations to collect these streams and send them to a central processing location. Each of these streams currently needs to be individually decrypted before best source selection, processing and analysis. Using innovative techniques, it is possible to time correlate these encrypted streams, compare them with each other and create an output stream of better quality than any of the individual streams. This stream can then be decrypted by a single decryption device, greatly reducing cost and complexity.
    • ENHANCEMENTS TO THE DATA DISPLAY MARKUP LANGUAGE

      Graul, Michael; Fernandes, Ronald; Hamilton, John L.; Jones, Charles H.; Morgan, Jon; Knowledge Based Systems, Inc; Edwards Air Force Base (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2006-10)
      This paper presents the description of the updated Data Display Markup Language (DDML), a neutral format for data display configurations. The development of DDML is motivated by the fact that in joint service program systems, there is a critical need for common data displays to support distributed T&E missions, irrespective of the test location, data acquisition system, and display system. DDML enables standard data displays to be specified for any given system under test, irrespective of the display vendor or system in which they will be implemented. The version 3.0 of DDML represents a more mature language than the version 1.0 presented at the 2003 ITC. The updated version has been validated for completeness and robustness by developing translators between DDML and numerous vendor formats. The DDML schema has been presented to the Range Commander’s Council (RCC) Data Multiplex Committee for consideration for inclusion in the IRIG 106 standard. The DDML model will be described in terms of both the XML schema and the UML model, and various examples of DDML models will be presented. The intent of this paper is to solicit specific input from the community on this potential RCC standard.
    • EVERYTHING YOU WANTED TO KNOW ABOUT DOUBLE DIFFERENTIAL ENCODERS BUT WERE AFRAID TO ASK

      Perrins, Erik; University of Kansas (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2006-10)
      The existing offset quadrature phase shift keying (OQPSK) differential encoder in IRIG-106 is a curious scheme with a rather mysterious origin. In this paper, an alternative scheme known as double differential encoding is proposed. In many aspects, the proposed scheme has equivalent performance to the existing scheme: it successfully resolves the 4-phase ambiguity introduced by most carrier phase tracking loops and it also produces two decoded bit errors for each detection error. However, the proposed scheme has a number of conceptual advantages: it can be derived easily from first principles, it decouples the operations of even-bit/odd-bit demultiplexing and differential encoding, and it greatly simplifies the overly-complicated binary-to-ternary symbol mapping for OQPSK. It is also demonstrated to have tangible benefits, such as improved performance in systems with error control coding.
    • FAULT TOLERANT AUTONOMOUS MOBILE ROBOTIC SYSTEMS

      Kosbar, Kurt; Lord, Dale; Telemetry Learning Center (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2006-10)
      Recent emphasis has been placed on mobile robotics performing in unstructured environments. This realm of operations requires many different algorithms to interpret the various situations. This not only requires a system that is able to support, and facilitate, the fusion of the results, but it also needs to be tolerant of system errors. In modern operating systems, separate processes are able to fail without affecting other processes. Using this ability, along with fault tolerant inter-process communications, and supervisory process managers, allows the total system to continue to operate under adverse conditions. While this paper focuses primarily on the challenges faced by mobile robotics, the approach can be extended to a wide range of systems which must autonomously identify and adapt to failures/situations.
    • A FIBER SENSOR INTEGRATED MONITOR FOR EMBEDDED INSTRUMENTATION SYSTEMS

      Schultz, Stephen; Selfridge, Richard; Newman, Jason; Brigham Young University (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2006-10)
      In this paper we will present a new fiber sensor integrated monitor (FSIM) to be used in an embedded instrumentation system (EIS). The proposed system consists of a super luminescent diode (SLD) as a broadband source, a novel high speed tunable MEMS filter with built in photodetector, and an integrated microprocessor for data aggregation, processing, and transmission. As an example, the system has been calibrated with an array of surface relief fiber Bragg gratings (SR-FBG) for high speed, high temperature monitoring. The entire system was built on a single breadboard less than 50 cm² in area.
    • FROM RF TO BITS WITH SYNTHETIC BEAMFORMING

      Kelkar, Anand; Lamarra, Norm; Gonzalez, Daniel; Creative Digital Systems; Malibu Research Associates (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2006-10)
      A Synthetic Beamforming antenna was built for Airborne Telemetry. Low-Noise Block-converters translated RF to IF suitable for direct analog-to-digital conversion. Then all telemetry functions were performed digitally via parallel FPGAs for 10 independent sources. Monopulse tracking and optimal diversity combination was performed using 4 antenna quadrants at two orthogonal polarizations. Novel estimation approaches drove digital demodulation, symbol- and bit- synchronization. Final telemetry outputs include: digital, analog (video), and analog IF (e.g., for downlink relay). This program has incubated several concepts that we believe have the combined potential to significantly improve the future of telemetry.
    • HIGH-PERFORMANCE FULL-VIEW VISION SYSTEM WITH GUIDANCE SUPPORT OF ACOUSTIC AND MICROWAVE ARRAYS

      Clark, Nicholas; Dunne, Fiona; Lee, Michael; Lee, Hua; University of California, Santa Barbara (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2006-10)
      This paper describes the concept of wide-angle coverage optical vision system integrated with guidance support of microwave or acoustical imaging arrays. The objective is to provide the capability of effective high-resolution full-view monitoring and sensing. The optical component, formed by a multi-camera array, is responsible for the main interface with human users. The acoustical and microwave arrays are integrated, allowing the system to function in the event-triggered modality for optimal efficiency. In this paper, the arrays discussed are in circular configurations. With minor modification, the system can also function with linear array configurations.
    • How to Estimate the Unmodulated Carrier Power Level of a Modulated Telemetry Signal

      Law, Eugene; NAVAIR (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2006-10)
      This paper will present methods to both measure the unmodulated carrier power of a modulated signal and to estimate the unmodulated carrier power level from the measured power spectrum. The unmodulated carrier power level is needed to convert measured spectra into units of dBc.
    • IDAPS MULTI-CAMERA STORE SEPARATION ANALYSIS USING CAD-BASED MODELING

      Paulick, Michael J.; TYBRIN Corporation; Eglin Air Force Base (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2006-10)
      The Image Data Automated Processing System (IDAPS), developed by the 96th Communications Group Test and Analysis Division at Eglin AFB, uses a CAD-based image matching technique to calculate a 6DOF trajectory of a store separation event. The system has been used successfully for single camera release sequences, but needed to be extended for multi-camera releases. This is vital for bomber missions where several cameras are needed to cover a store separation event.
    • IEEE1588 – A solution for synchronization of networked data acquisition systems?

      Corry, Diarmuid; ACRA CONTROL INC (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2006-10)
      One of the problems for manufacturers and users of flight test data acquisition equipment, is to guarantee synchronization between multiple units acquiring data on the vehicle. Past solutions have involved proprietary interconnects and multiple wire installations increasing weight and complexity and reducing inter-operation of units. This problem has become particularly important given the trend towards commercial busses, especially Ethernet, as a system interconnect. The IEEE1588 standard offers a way to transmitting time accurately over Ethernet. This paper discusses the standard, how it might be implemented, and examines the issues involved in adopting this standard for flight test data acquisition. A particular implementation that results in a synchronized four-wire Ethernet based distributed data acquisition system is discussed in section 3.
    • AN IMPLEMENTATION OF DYNAMIC DATA ACQUISITION MEASUREMENTS

      Pesciotta, Eric; Portnoy, Michael; Teletronics Technology Corporation (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2006-10)
      As data acquisition systems evolve and begin utilizing new avenues of acquisition such as Ethernet, an entirely new range of flight test capabilities become available. These new capabilities, defined by acquisition, monitoring, and varying of test measurements, enhance previous operation as they can now be realized during flight. Achieving such high levels of integration between ground station and test vehicle involves complex network protocols. Implementing such systems from scratch would be a time consuming and costly proposition. Fortunately, employing Internet protocols (TCP/IP) over Ethernet provides a cornucopia of readily available technology. Using state-of-the-art integration techniques, modern data acquisition systems can leverage years of proven technology offered by the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) and the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C). This paper discusses an implementation of dynamic data acquisition measurements for use in network data acquisition systems. The methodology used to determine whether or not a measurement can and should be variable during a flight test is examined in detail along with a discussion of the advantages of dynamically varying flight test measurements. Finally, an implementation is presented which successfully integrates Internet protocols with modern flight test equipment using the techniques described above for dynamic data acquisition measurements.
    • IMPORTANCE OF “ACCURATE” TIME TO TEST AND MEASUREMENT OF COMPLEX DYNAMIC SYSTEMS

      Blakely, Patrick A.; The Boeing Commercial Airplanes (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2006-10)
      This paper discusses the importance of time measurement and the necessity of time measurement accuracy to data acquisition and analysis. It briefly reviews how time is used in data analysis and how to determine what amount of jitter, latency and phase error is acceptable for various data acquisition systems and analysis methodology. It discusses the relevance of various measurement timing errors and how some of them may be corrected. Finally, this paper discusses various approaches to time tagging of measurements in a distributed network based data system where data is packetized for efficient transmission.
    • INSTRUMENTING AN AIRBORNE NETWORK TELEMETRY LINK

      Laird, Daniel; Temple, Kip; Edwards Air Force Base (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2006-10)
      The Central Test and Evaluation Investment Program (CTEIP) Integrated Network Enhanced Telemetry (iNET) program is currently testing a wireless local area networking (WLAN) in an L-band telemetry (TM) channel to evaluate the feasibility and capabilities of enhancing traditional TM methods in a seamless wide area network (WAN). Several advantages of networking are real-time command and control of instrumentation formats, quick-look acquisition, data retransmission and recovery (gapless TM) and test point real-time verification. These networking functions, and all others, need to be tested and evaluated. The iNET team is developing a WLAN based on 802.x technologies to test the feasibility of the enhanced telemetry implementation for flight testing.
    • INTEGRATED CAMERAS AS A REPLACEMENT FOR VEHICULAR MIRRORS

      Lee, Hua; Chin, Maurice; Clark, Nicholas; Dunne, Fiona; University of California, Santa Barbara (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2006-10)
      Drivers’ visibility is an area of automobile safety that has seen very limited improvement over the past several decades. Limited visibility is responsible for many car accidents all across America. Mirrors require constant readjustment, and are easily blocked. There is currently a lot of interest in ways to reduce or eliminate all mirrors on a car, and one such method is through a wide-angle network of cameras mounted on the vehicle’s rear. Using real-time video processing, the data from several cameras can be spliced together, and displayed on a vehicle’s dashboard in an intuitive, easy to understand fashion that a driver can quickly see without having to turn away from the road. This has extensive application to light armored vehicles in the military, as well as to automotive designers today.
    • INTERFERENCE MITIGATION AND CHANNEL EQUALIZATION FOR ARTM TIER-1 WAVEFORMS USING KALMAN FILTER

      Saquib, Mohammad; Popescu, Otilia; Popescu, Dimitrie C.; Rice, Michael; University of Texas; Brigham Young University (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2006-10)
      In this paper we describe a new method that is applicable to mitigating both multipath interference and adjacent channel interference (ACI) in aeronautical telemetry applications using ARTM Tier-1 waveforms. The proposed method uses a linear equalizer that is derived using Kalman filtering theory, which has been used for channel equalization for high-speed communication systems. We illustrate the proposed method with numerical examples obtained from simulations that show the bit error rate performance (BER) for different modulation schemes.
    • INTERFERENCE REJECTION PERFORMANCE AS A MEANS OF FREQUENCY OPTIMISATION IN A MIXED CELLULAR/MANET NETWORK

      Dean, Richard; Webley, Kayonne; Morgan State University (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2006-10)
      Research at Morgan State University shows a means of enabling both a mobile ad-hoc network (MANET) and a cellular network to operate simultaneously in the same spectrum. This enhanced frequency efficiency would facilitate the creation of a hybrid or Mixed Cellular/MANET network (MCMN) in which each of the MCMN sub-networks would have access to the entire allotted spectrum. Interference rejection and excision have been identified as a means of distinguishing between and isolating the two different kinds of signals. This paper shows the promising performance of such techniques within the MCMN environment as a part of the integrated Network Enhanced Telemetry (iNET) project.
    • International Telemetering Conference Proceedings, Volume 42 (2006)

      International Foundation for Telemetering, 2006-10
    • IP Protocols in Telemetry Systems

      Weaver, Robert Jr.; Snyder, Ed; Apogee Labs, Inc. (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2006-10)
      This paper is intended to provide background into networking and IP protocols for non-IT personnel. It is not a study of networking and related protocols, as each of these topics would require a much longer period of time to explain. Addressed are considerations that should be required prior to locking a network design into a specific architecture. The systems available today, for the same cost as a good home PC, are becoming capable of performing critical tasks. It is highly recommended that the personnel who know the most about the data and how it will be used communicate with the personnel that know the network. Failing to explain or understand the networking nomenclature causes considerable wasted time and money. This paper is intended to encourage communications between the data creators and the data movers. We also want to demonstrate how new systems, hardware and software, designed to work with existing network devices used in non–telemetry applications, can make implementing IP in telemetry networks easier.
    • AN IP-BASED RECORDING SYSTEM

      Roach, John; Hildin, John; Teletronics Technology Corporation (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2006-10)
      Traditionally, acquired instrumentation data on a non-destructive test article is recorded to a nonvolatile memory recorder. The data acquisition system usually samples and formats its inputs before transmitting the data to the recorder (also known in this paper as a data sink) via a PCM serial data stream (i.e., clock and data). In a network-based data acquisition architecture, the inclusion of an IP-based recorder adds a new dimension to the data acquisition process. Any IP network inherently allows for the bi-directional exchange of data. In this environment, the IPbased recorder can be treated as both a data sink for parameter recording and a data source for parameter extraction, data rate statistics, and recorder status reporting. The network model recasts the data recorder’s function as a file server to which multiple clients could be simultaneously requesting services. Those clients that represent the data acquisition nodes are requesting storage of their acquired parameters. Clients, such as transmitters or test engineers, are requesting access to archived data or status information for further processing. This paper presents the advantages of using an IP-based recorder in a network-based data acquisition system. The availability of an IP interface along with the intelligence built into the recorder expands its capabilities beyond that of a conventional PCM recorder. These capabilities include real-time health monitoring, support for the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP), data mining, reporting of real-time performance and network statistics.
    • IS THERE A SHAPED OFFSET 8-PSK?

      Rice, Michael; Nelson, Tom; Brigham Young University (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2006-10)
      Motivated by the success of the ARTM Tier-1 modulation known as Shaped Offset QPSK, this paper examines whether improved spectral efficiency can be achieved using an a Shaped Offset 8PSK. Three possible interpretations of this question are examined and it is shown that there does not appear to be a shaped offset 8-PSK in the context of aeronautical telemetry.